Knife zaspapozhny: history, description, features of wearing
Conducted archaeological excavations and scientific works of historians engaged in the study of ancient Russia, indicate the widespread use of ancient Rusich such a cold weapon as a knife. Zasapozhny - this definition was small-sized blade, which was attached to the warrior's boot and was considered a weapon of concealed wearing. According to other sources, he was an indispensable assistant to the ancient Russian riders when refueling arrows. Russian zasapozhny knife found in many burials, which indicates the high efficiency and popularity of these weapons.
Slavic Shovel Knife
How to wear a blade, invented, taking into account the traditional at that time for all Slavic peoples shoes - boots. This shoe provided the owner with a convenient and safe movement in the steppe or in the forest - protected the legs from bangs or snake bites. Very convenient was the lack of laces, which made it possible to quickly wear shoes. And most importantly - for the boot top it was very convenient to hide the knife. Over time, the Slavs have become a tradition to keep a knife at the top of the boot.
What did the Russian "camouflage" look like?
The design of the cold weapon made it possible to inflict stabbing blows from below to the left side of the enemy - into the hypochondrium. Characteristic features of the knife:
- The length is 25 cm.
- The curved shape of the narrow blade made it possible to reach the heart upon impact.
- The blade had a raised point.
- Sharpening - one and a half.
- Traditionally, the handle of the knife was wrapped around a leather lace. It was intended to absorb sweat and blood. In combat conditions, this was necessary, since it prevented the slip of the knife in his hand.
- The presence of a tambour - a special loop made of hemp or leather lace. The Temljak made it possible to quickly remove weapons from behind the boot of the boot, preventing the risk of losing a knife during the battle. An ankle blade with a tambourine could be used with a different grip.
In its structure, the blade resembled the tusks of a wild boar, which, when attacked, strikes from below upwards, raising the opponent. By this principle of striking action, a Russian snap knife was designed. The photo below represents the design features of traditional cold steel.
Features of wearing
One of the advantages of wearing a knife in a boot was the ability to get it in time. To do this, the blade was most often located in the right bootleg, and for the left-hander in the left. The knife was fixed in different ways:
- the scabbard was sewn to the underside of the boot;
- the sheath with the blade was tied to the leg;
- on the boot of the trousers was attached a special pocket for the scabbards.
At the same time, the following rules were observed:
- the hilt must necessarily be hidden behind the boot top;
- if a tambourine was present, it could be seen;
- only a small part of the pommel could stick out of the bootleg.
Zasapozhny knife in 1917 - 1945 years
From the time of the revolution to the end of the second world, one of the attributes of the criminal element was a knife. Zasapozhny traditional version of wearing was now applied to the fins, which also was convenient to hold the top of the boot. This arrangement loosened hands and concealed cold weapons from prying eyes. The knife with this version of wearing was ideal for criminals, an ideal means of protection in various desperate situations.
During the Second World War, Soviet soldiers also widely used this knife. By this time the knitting blade had undergone some changes:
- the length was 250 mm;
- thickness of the shoe - 7 mm;
- the blade was tetrahedral, convex and double-edged.
This form allowed to inflict mortal wounds on the enemy. The blows were applied between the ribs, hitting the enemy on the spot.
Modern "zasapozhniki" even more differ from traditional models. Now such knives are classified as economic. For them, one-sided sharpening and the thickness of the shoe, not exceeding 0.4 cm, are envisaged. According to these parameters, the snapping knife is not a cold weapon, for the acquisition of which a proper permit is needed. Now, "засапожник" if desired, everyone can buy.
The Cossack Cossack Knife
Cossack and weapons - concepts are inseparable. Knife as one of the elements of equipment is considered an invariable companion of each warrior.
Differences of the Cossack model of "zasapozhnika" from the traditional Russian consists in such parameters:
- the total length of the Cossack knife is more by 2 cm and is 29 cm;
- the length of the handle of the Cossack knife is 13 cm;
- length of blade - 16 cm;
- presence on the Cossack blade of the brand of the blacksmith-manufacturer;
- the wooden handle is equipped with a braided tassel brush;
- bovine leather is used to make Cossack scabbards.
"Will and Faith"
One of the very spectacular examples of Cossack "zasapozhnikov" is the knife "Will and Faith". This product is made of Damascus steel. There are elements of gold and silver in it. The knife is characterized by highly artistic design, which shows talent, skill, perseverance and love for the knife as a reliable assistant.
The wooden handle is made of expensive rocks. Sheaths contain a special leather lining, which ensures a smooth entry of the blade and its fixation, preventing blotting. At the top of the handle is a recessed nut, containing a ring, to which a woven leather cord is attached. On the surface of the knife there is an image of Russian plant ornament. Near the church-Slavic letter there is an inscription "Will and Faith". The qualitative treatment of metal and wood is admirable. This cossack cossack knife can be considered a model of decorative and applied art.
A zapazhny knife, made by modern professional craftsmen, will be an excellent gift for a hunter, tourist, fisherman or collector.