Respiratory rate in children by age: table
The indicator of the health of children and one of the ways to control how the internal organs of carapaces work, is the frequency of respiratory movements (BHD). This is a kind of medical indicator, you can see the values of which, by counting the cyclic respiratory movements for a fixed period of time. As a rule, this is one minute. What is the norm of respiratory rate in children? You can find out the answer from this article.
We count the baby's breaths
It is through the method of determining the frequency of respiratory movements that doctors can note the ability of the chest and abdominal wall of the baby, the type of breathing (chest, abdominal or mixed), as well as depth, rhythm and possible deviation from the norm.
During each examination, the child's doctor must conduct all necessary procedures and measurements. One of them is the calculation of the inhalations of the carapuzika for one minute. All this is quite simple to do, and the information is of great importance. From these calculations, you can find out the state of the baby's respiratory system, how the cardiac system works.
To count the frequency of breathing of her baby, her mother can quite independently, without resorting to the help of doctors. Only here to understand the information received, it will be much more difficult. The rate of respiratory rate in children is not at all the same (and this is normal!), As the standards of an adult. Because here there is a direct link with some anatomical features of the structure of the baby's body.
How does the respiratory system work?
At the first cry of a newborn baby comes his first breath. Before this very important moment in his life, all the respiratory organs are in an inactive state. Gradually they develop, and when the baby is at his first, nine-month stage of intrauterine development, grow with him. Oxygen crumb receives through the placenta from her mother's blood to her.
There are several parameters of uniqueness of the respiratory tract (nasal passages) of the baby:
- their small length;
- anatomical narrowness;
- the inner surface is very tender, with a large number of vessels that carry lymph and blood.
Therefore, as soon as there are at least tiny catarrhal manifestations, they are capable of escalating (as it happens almost always) into an edema of the nasal mucosa, and the lumen of the nasal passages will become clogged. In a very short period of time, develop shortness of breath, there will be bouts of breathing (because the kids do not yet know how to breathe the mouth).
Infant lung tissue
The characteristics of lung tissue in babies include the following:
- light in volume small;
- the number of vessels is large;
- the lung tissue is still poorly developed.
Parents should pay attention to the slightest change in the breathing of their child and immediately contact the doctor.
We carry out an accurate calculation
To find out what the rate of respiratory rate in children, you can look at the table, which indicates all the data. But first you can count the number of respiratory movements at home. This is not difficult at all. Mom does not need any special skills. The calculation method is as follows:
- take a clock with a second hand, or a normal stopwatch;
- when the respiratory movements are measured, the baby should be absolutely calm and be in a position in which it is comfortable. If karapuzikov very small, then the frequency of breathing in children in a dream is much more convenient for them, and for moms. Another option is to measure when the crumb is maximally distracted from this procedure;
- mom should remember that heart rate and heart rate (pulse and respiration rate) in children up to a year are two to three times higher than in an adult;
- to conduct a study, the mother should place her hand on her tummy or visually try to determine the frequency of the breaths;
- the duration of counting is only one minute (duration is associated with a rhythmic cycle of breathing);
- so that the accuracy of the counts is as large as possible, the doctors propose to do this study three times, and then calculate the mean value.
According to this technique, everything can be done very quickly and simply. The main thing is to follow all the recommendations.
How to act correctly?
So, the parents have already remembered that it is necessary to measure the pulse and frequency of the child's respiratory movements at each examination. These data are of great importance for a correct assessment of the health of the crumbs. He himself is not yet able to explain what, how and where he hurts. A pathology can sometimes be found by the violation of the rhythm, the frequency of respiratory movements, which will be its only symptoms.
When the study is conducted, the baby should be in a calm state. We should exclude his activity: jumping, running, crawling. Do not conduct such studies, when the carapusik cries, screams or is nervous. All this can greatly increase the performance.
It should be noted that in infants, in newborns, breathing is often arrhythmic. That's why you have to take a breath for a minute. Then there will be the most reliable information. Another important point: the karapuzikov have pronounced movements of the diaphragm and chest, so there is no need to use any additional devices or to touch the tiny pieces.
Respiratory rate in infants
The rate of respiratory rate in children, as well as other physiological processes, are directly dependent on their age. For newborn babies in the first hours of their lives, a normal respiration rate is approximately 40-60 breaths per minute. The average frequency is about 4-5 tens per minute. The frequency of breathing in a child in 1 year equals 3-4 tens of breaths per minute, at the age of two to three years - 20-30 breaths, for a teenager - 18-20. These indicators are considered normal.
It is also absolutely normal that the baby breathes a full diaphragm; quite often his breathing can be unstable and shallow. By the way, in premature babies, breathing can periodically increase and decrease, then a pause in respiration of seconds for 10-15 is possible.
In babies who came to this world on time, such periodic breathing is very rare, but this can also be considered a normal indicator.
So, be sure at every visit to the doctor should check the rate of breathing and heart rate in children.
Important information for parents. A pause in the child's breathing (apnea), which lasts more than 20 seconds, or a pause in breathing, which results in pallor or cyanosis, is considered a defect by doctors.
When can we say that the frequency of breathing in children is normal? A table that incorporates this data will help you figure it out. To say that the indicators are normal, you can, when they correspond to the following figures.
It is these data and should be guided by parents.
Normal breathing of babies
So we got acquainted with the information about the frequency of breathing in children. The norm for ages is really different. This is explained very simply: the younger the baby, the less volume of lungs; in order to provide his growing body with the right amount of oxygen, the carapuzik makes more respiratory movements (inhalations and exhalations).
Normal breathing is considered to be the one at which the carapoo first deeply inhales. And then he exhales slowly. In order to understand how well the child's lungs are ventilated, the frequency of respiration in children is measured. The norm for ages has been calculated for a long time, and these values are usually considered a standard. If the baby's breath deviates from the norm in the direction of increase, then this indicates a shallow breathing. And this opens a "green light" for pathogens.