Low blood pressure during pregnancy: what to do, what to take? How low pressure on pregnancy affects
Pregnancy is a special, very delicate state of the female body. Right now you need full-fledged care. Any changes that you could have simply ignored before now now take on a serious meaning and significance. You are responsible not only for yourself, but for the future baby. At the same time, the issue of blood pressure is no less important than the level of hemoglobin or nutritional features. The doctor necessarily conducts measurements with the future mother in order to track her condition. And to alert the specialist should any indicators that differ from the norm. However, today we are interested in low blood pressure during pregnancy. What should the future mother do, how to raise blood pressure without harm to the baby?
Limits of the norm
What can be taken as a reference point? Normal pressure for a person is 120/80. However, your operating status may be slightly different. If the indicators are stably slightly higher or lower, and at the same time you feel well, then everything is in order. You can rest assured. However, there is an lower limit of the norm. This is 95/65, the maximum permissible mark at which the doctor necessarily hospitalizes the patient. In this case, the figures have to be adjusted with certain external conditions (warm clothes, hot tea, high-quality food), as well as medicines. Do not give up the possibility of a quiet rest in the hospital. This is now important for you and the baby.
Why are we interested in this topic? Because this is a fairly common phenomenon. Every second mother has low blood pressure during pregnancy. What to do, we will disassemble today. Most often this is due to a change in the hormonal background. From the first days in the body of a woman, progesterone is produced. This causes a decrease in the tone of blood vessels and a decrease in blood pressure. That is, it is a physiologically conditioned phenomenon.
Factors provoking hypotension
In one woman, a decrease in pressure may be negligible, by about 5-10 units. For another, it becomes very tangible. Especially pronounced pressure decrease happens at the mummies inclined to a hypotension. Therefore, warn the doctor at the first consultation. He will tell you why the low pressure is diagnosed during pregnancy, what to do in this case, and can be prophylaxis. So, the main factors that cause hypotension are:
- Malnutrition or hunger provokes a decrease in blood pressure. The future mother should definitely forget about diets.
- Hot bath or shower.
- Long stay in a stuffy room or in the heat.
- Physical or mental overwork.
- Stressful situations.
- Catarrhal diseases that occur with a high temperature.
- Pathology of internal organs. This peptic ulcer, adrenal insufficiency and thyroid gland, allergy and cardiovascular pathology.
A very important point. Every woman should have a complete idea of how to determine the low pressure during pregnancy, what to do and how to help yourself. Most often a woman feels dizzy and nauseous, a general weakness and drowsiness. Symptomatics are very unpleasant, as most expectant mothers still work at this time and can not afford a full rest.
When can I take a low blood pressure for a conditional norm in pregnancy? 1 trimester is characterized by a sharp change in the hormonal background, so there is nothing surprising in this. However, strong BP changes can provoke darkening in the eyes and ringing in the ears, a feeling of lack of air and even loss of consciousness. Most often these are one-time events that do not require medical intervention, but it will not be superfluous to tell a specialist about this.
What should I do to determine my blood pressure? The most important thing is to find a working tonometer. In any medical institution there is a therapist's office, where you will quickly measure the pressure. Large city pharmacies also offer a similar service. The device can be at home. This will save you from unnecessary emotions and quickly indicate the cause of the ailment.
However, false tonometry also occurs. This happens if the cuff is badly inflated, or the air is too quickly released. In addition, incorrect figures can be when a woman is in a reclining position, or her hand has a very small volume. In any case, there is nothing to worry about if you have low blood pressure during pregnancy. 1 trimester - a difficult period of restructuring the body. In order to facilitate your condition, you need to listen to the doctor's advice as much as possible.
Therefore, fixing the pressure reduction once, the medic is likely to assign monitoring, that is, daily measurements over a period of time. If, after falling, it soon rose, then nothing terrible happens. It is also not an alarming symptom if the pressure stays at a steady level, which is slightly below normal. Much more dangerous than his strong fluctuations. But that is not all. Every future mother should know that the most common symptom of low blood pressure is toxicosis. It is manifested by excessive vomiting and dehydration of the body. As a result, this leads to a large decrease in pressure. Excessive fatigue, noise and ringing in the ears, palpitations are the satellites of hypotension.
Risk for mother and fetus
This issue is of interest to all women, because the most important thing for us is that the long-awaited pregnancy will end in the birth of a healthy child. Low blood pressure is found in many people. And, it would seem, you can ignore him. But it's not so simple. The pressure can go down even at night, when the future mother is asleep. Especially often it happens when a woman lies on her back. The fetus squeezes the vena cava and blood circulation is disturbed. In this case, the problem can be not only in the mother's poor health, but also in the development of the crumbs. Although toxicosis, gestosis and anemia, which are a consequence of hypotension, are unpleasant phenomena. To avoid such a problem, doctors advise a woman to sleep on her side, and not on her back.
The reduced pressure leads to oxygen starvation of the child. Prolonged hypoxia can lead to miscarriage, slowing growth and development, problems with health after birth. The worst thing is that the brain of the child reacts to the lack of oxygen first. In addition, the baby is deprived of nutrients, which means it will grow slower than it could.
If before 16 weeks low blood pressure is still considered a variant of the norm, then it is already a pointer that there are certain problems in the body. Usually the second trimester is much calmer. The future mother already ceases to worry about the coming changes and with great pleasure interacts with the crumb, which is increasingly moving inside. At this time, the leap of apathy comes a rush of strength and energy.
However, low blood pressure during pregnancy (2 trimester) dramatically changes the picture. The future mother is hard, she always wants to sleep. The reasons for this phenomenon are the same. And as well as at the very beginning of pregnancy, arterial hypotension can lead to miscarriage and impaired fetal development, as well as ancestral weakness, if the condition is not corrected until the baby's birth. Low blood pressure during pregnancy (2 trimester) may be a consequence of the increased severity of the fetus. With its weight, it acts on large vessels. To reduce it, you need to sit as little as possible in one position, walk more, sleep in a comfortable position, preferably on your side, placing a pillow under your stomach.
What to do?
In fact, the doctor must find out the cause of what is happening. This is the only way to prescribe effective therapy. If the reduction is caused by a certain disease, then it requires constant monitoring and treatment. And of course, you do not need to seek advice from friends and acquaintances. Women like to practice this method of treatment - to consult by phone from neighbors and ask: pressure has fallen, what should I do? You will receive lots of Soviets. But will they be safe for your child?
Analyze the above factors, which cause a decrease in pressure. Are they not able to play a decisive role in your case. If the attack is due to stuffy air, just open the window and drink some sweet tea. Do not forget about caffeinated drinks, if the pressure has dropped. What do you do after you have coffee? Lie down, preferably lifting your legs above the level of your head, and relax. Soon the condition will be normalized.
Eating a pregnant woman affects her state of health very much. The more monotonous and poor the diet, the more likely the lack of exercise. Talking about how to raise low blood pressure during pregnancy, it is necessary to note the role of healthy nutrition. In the menu, vegetables and fruits, berries and nuts must be present every day. Especially useful are carrots, lemons and grapefruit, as well as black currant. Must be in the diet beef liver and butter.
In the morning
To feel better in the daytime, you need to properly "fill" your body. For this, it is good to have a sweet tea or coffee and have a good breakfast. These products increase blood pressure and improve well-being. However, a day you can drink no more than 2-3 cups - this is a safe dosage. In addition, it is very important for a pregnant woman to eat small portions. Large breaks between meals contribute to lowering blood sugar. We have already told you how low pressure on pregnancy affects, which means that you need to pay special attention to this.
Basic methods of increasing blood pressure
If everyone gauges with a tonometer shows low rates, and neither proper nutrition nor a healthy sleep helps, then you need to resort to other means. Let's talk about what to take at low pressure during pregnancy. Essential oils of laurel, basil and rosemary work very well. Massage with their use will additionally give a great mood. Enrichment of the body with oxygen is another possibility to raise blood pressure safely. For this purpose there are special pressure chambers, oxygen cocktails. The usual walk through the park also helps.
And what if the above methods do not help? How to raise low blood pressure during pregnancy? The reviews emphasize that folk remedies work fast enough and are safe for the fetus. This is an extract of Eleutherococcus, tincture of ginseng, levsea extract, Pantocrin tablets. However, we must remember that each of these drugs has its contraindications, so it is very important to consult a doctor.
In addition, it is recommended to regularly use the root of celery. It can be crumbled into salads or boiled soup. It is very good to use ordinary strawberries. It is able to normalize blood pressure and increase hemoglobin. To stabilize blood pressure, a decoction of onion peel will work well. More serious drugs are prescribed individually, by the attending physician. If the indicators do not normalize for a long time, then hospitalization is mandatory.