Folk festivals on Shrovetide
Maslenitsa is a traditional holiday for the Slavs, symbolizing the end of winter and the onset of spring. The Orthodox calendar calls it the Cheese Seven. This week, people should forgive their loved ones, apologize to them. In addition, there are organized folk festivals for Shrovetide. Let's consider all these moments in more detail.
What is Maslenitsa?
So, let's start from the very beginning. According to the Orthodox calendar, Shrovetide is held in the last week before the Great Lent. Before the emergence of Christianity in Russia, this holiday was pagan. Celebrated it for two weeks. With the advent of Christianity, the holiday and many favorite Russian traditions have survived. Among them - folk festivals for Shrovetide.
People are used to happily say goodbye to the winter and happy to meet the long-awaited spring. This period has always been perceived as the awakening of Mother Nature and Yarila the Sun (most revered during the paganism of the deity, giving everyone vitality and warmth). By the way, earlier instead of pancakes baked round cakes. They were a symbol of the sun. Bake them in large quantities and treat all their relatives and friends. Absorbing such a cake, the person believed that he eats a small piece of solar power and heat, filling it with a special power.
In a word, the folk festivals for Pancake week have been preserved. Only the cakes were replaced with pancakes. The name of the holiday also became different. In paganism he was called Komoditsey. Pancake week was called a holiday, as this is the last week, when you can eat animal products - butter including.
Meetings and Teasing
Every day of this long-awaited holiday is different for its traditions. There is a kind of script Maslenitsa. The folk festivities begin on Monday - from the meeting of spring. On this day, people make a straw effigy, put on a woman's dress and carry it on a sleigh. Children build snow slides, adults bake pancakes, the first of which is given to the poor or is hung on the tree branches in memory of the souls of deceased relatives.
Further proceeds as follows scenario Maslenitsa: the folk festivities on Tuesday called Zaigrysh. Scarecrow is installed in the center of the square, around it roundelays are conducted, all are treated with gingerbread and pancakes. Young people look at their potential second half. In the evening people go to gatherings.
Gourmand and Razgulay
On Wednesday, the next festivities for the Carnival begins. This Gourmand, celebrated on Wednesday. The son-in is invited to visit his mother-in-law and is treated to her pancakes.
On Thursday, the height of festivities begins. On this day it is forbidden even to work. It's called Razgulay. Catania with slides on sleigh, carols and spring calls, amicable tea-drinking - all this happens on Thursday!
Mother-in-law party, Zolovkin gatherings
On Friday, beginners Toshchiny evening. On this day, the son-in-law invites mother-in-law to the pancakes.
Seeing off the Carnival begins on Saturday with Zolovkin's gatherings. The sister-in-law of her husband rushes to her daughter-in-law. On the street on this day they play in the capture of snow towns, symbolizing the last haven of winter.
What is the last stage? The final farewell to Maslenitsa is Farewell Sunday. On this day, people go to visit each other. They ask for forgiveness for everything that they have ever offended their loved ones. Well, in the evening a scarecrow is burned, the ashes of which are scattered by the wind, in the villages - in the field. This tradition symbolizes a good harvest.
Folk festivities on Shrovetide Street are not limited to
That's not all. Scenery Maslenitsa on the street, usually passes through the above standard. Nevertheless, in the palaces of culture, in schools, in some enterprises, etc. various events are also held.
Entertaining programs, competitions, performances and fairs - all this makes the holiday even more vivid, fun and interesting. Cultural events allow everyone to feel the joy and warmth of the approaching spring, despite the fact that they pass through the premises.
In urban areas, too, say goodbye to winter
Scenery Maslenitsa on the street is thought through in all settlements. And even in many large cities fairs are organized in the central squares, pancakes and bagels are sold, a scarecrow is installed.
Hundreds of citizens come to the square in order to say goodbye to the winter. Traditional games and contests, folk fun, a lot of fun - even the dull weather can not spoil the mood of anyone!
People with great pleasure participate in a variety of competitions, compete in their skills, sing songs and playfully dance. The festive atmosphere charges everyone with special energy and positive emotions.
Jokers and jesters
Maslenitsa, mass festivities, games and tea parties with pancakes are cheerful and bright Russian traditions. On organized representations in many villages and cities jokers and jesters often act. They entertain people present, make them run, jump and have fun. As a result, people do not notice neither cold nor fatigue. They just participate in traditional Maslenitskie contests and fun, enjoy the performance of jesters, laugh heartily.
For example, joker can organize battles with wet pillows on a log, rope pulling, lifting weights, conquering ice columns, and even throwing brooms at each other.
The most active participants they give small awards in the form of any souvenir, traditional pancakes, gingerbread, etc. By the way, on the ice pillar you can also hang gifts. Participants with pleasure and great zeal will rise after them. With prizes on the ground, of course, only the most deft and strong descend.
There is also another contest organized by jesters. Those present at the festivities can, for example, compete in eating pancakes with sour cream for speed. However, such fun entertainment concerns other dishes. This can be pies, and kalachi, and a variety of drinks.
In short, if you want to have some fun, pay attention to such a wonderful holiday as Maslenitsa. Scenarios of street festivals often include more carnival processions.
They begin, as a rule, immediately after the speeches of jesters, folk artists, competitions, a variety of other surprises prepared for residents of a particular locality and its guests.
A large number of people take part in the carnival procession. They wear a variety of costumes, sing songs, dance and have fun. For entourage with a carnival procession, stilts or sleds are often used. The procession stops near the next points of sale of pancakes, pies, other goodies and hot tea.
Here, everyone can buy various decorations, toys and souvenirs. In addition, at the end point of the carnival procession are the creative works of all kinds of artists, photographers, masters of applied art.
At the end of the Maslenitsa festivities you will be able to see the fiery show, the performance of famous performers and, of course, the burning of a stuffed one named Shrovetide. Carry it in front of you until the very end of the carnival procession.
Burning effigy is a mysterious and interesting process.
Maslenitsa on the street in most of the settlements passes through all traditions. The scarecrow is burned at the very last. At the same time, all present applauded, but for safety, naturally, the rescuers and firemen answer.
The scarecrow burns very brightly and quickly. This is a symbol of the arrival of spring. Accordingly, the cold to freeze the inhabitants of villages and cities will no longer be. Neither the snow nor the ice will scare them.
Around the scarecrow, before its ignition, many sites with various entertainments for the people present also unfold. Here you can have a great rest, having a snack, drinking tea, just chatting with those who came to the party. All present with great pleasure dance in front of a huge fire, holding hands, lead dances, sing songs intended to attract spring.
In a word, Maslenitsa is a sea of fun, joyful laughter, warm smiles! Folk festivals, lasting a whole week, allow you to perfectly relax, take your mind off the gray working days of the week. Well, the anticipation of the coming spring makes the surrounding people even more cheerful!