Malamute: description of the breed
Brought out in Alaska, the malamute has amazing endurance and strength. This breed carried its owners and numerous cargoes in extremely harsh conditions. Such work could not but affect the appearance of these dogs. Malamute - a description of the breed it emphasizes - a strong, broad-chested and large paws animal, covered with stiff thick wool. Outwardly reminiscent of wolves, malamutes became the heroes of many films, and flaunt themselves in photographs in magazines.
Archaeological data say that the dog was used as a sled for the IV-VI centuries. The tribe of Inuit, which laid the foundation of the breed, paid particular attention to its nature. Aggressive dogs were exterminated. When the intensive development of Alaska began, the Arctic rocks began to mix with others, which were brought from different places, for the breeding of a fast dog. With the onset of the so-called gold rush, the malamute became incredibly popular due to its endurance and lack of aggression towards people. And until now the dog is highly valued for its strength and intelligence.
Malamute. Breed description
Dogs have a wide body and back, and also a long strong loin. Straight legs with well-developed muscles can tolerate long-term loads well. Alaskan Malamute has a thick coat, painted in various shades.
The first direction of dogs of this breed, from which they wrote the standard, is called kotzebu. It belongs to all the first malamutes that were registered in the American Kennel Club. Dogs are characterized by lower growth compared to representatives of subsequent standards. Malamutes kotzebu have a strong head and small ears. They are characterized by a deep and deep chest, strong limbs that promote smooth movements. Dogs do not have a tendency to fight, they are very amenable to learning.
The second direction of the breed is m'lut. It appeared in 1947 after the secondary registration. Dogs of this line are distinguished by high growth, elongated muzzle, broad skull, long and highly placed ears. In comparison with the first direction, the thorax is small, the limbs are weaker, and in this connection the movements are not so smooth. Aggressive nature complicates the training and requires the firm will of the host.
Dogs of the same breed have common characteristics. Standards were published for their description. This concept includes the quality of the exterior, character, appearance, constitution. In case of deviations from the described breed standards, it is considered that the dog has a vice that can prevent it from participating in exhibitions, as well as in the passage of service. What should be a real malamute? Description of the breed according to the standard includes many parameters. Let us dwell on them in more detail.
Malamute should have a powerful wide head proportional to the size of the body. The skull between the ears is rounded, gradually tapering to the eyes, between which the furrow passes. Line of the forehead and the back of the nose has a slight slope downwards. The cheeks are moderately flat in dogs of the malamute breed. Description of the breed according to the standard includes the concept of stop. In this case, it forms pads around the eyes. The size of it should be average, since at a strongly pronounced stop the eyes will occupy the wrong position and will take on a rounded shape. If it is underdeveloped, the distance between the eyes will seem minimal. The expression of the muzzle and the shape of the head speak of the high intelligence of the malamute.
Characteristics of parts of muzzle
The nose, lips, and eye strokes are black. In dogs of red color, a brown shade is possible. Also black color of a nose with white veins is supposed. The lips should fit tightly to each other. The color of the eyes in malamute is brown, blue is considered a vice. Their shape is almond-shaped, the size is medium. Ears are triangular in shape, widely spaced apart, when executing work teams they are sometimes laid back. The disadvantage is high set and long ears. Their skin is thick, which is the result of adapting to life in harsh conditions. Malamute's bite is scissor-shaped, teeth are large. On the muzzle there is always a friendly expression.
Characteristics of the case
The head is supported by a strong and slightly curved neck. A powerful body is formed by a straight back, a muscular loin and a developed thorax. It is important that the length of the body is slightly larger than the height at the withers. The disadvantage will be a long loin, which weakens the ridge, as well as a short, difficult movement. The depth of the breast of an adult dog is about half the height at the withers. Just behind the front paws is its lowest point. As for the tail, it should not touch the back, but also twist on it. It is raised up when the malamute is resting. Description, photos emphasize this feature.
The extremities of the dog have well-developed muscles and strong bones. The hind legs should be aligned with the front legs. Thick paws have thick pads. Between the fingers grows a protective coat. The fifth finger should be removed from the puppies after birth. Strong limbs provide balanced and calm movements. The jogging force is concentrated in the hind legs.
Wool and its color
Malamutes have a hard thick covering coat. The sides of the coat are of different lengths. Her density increases in the neck and shoulders, as well as in the tail suspension and on the paws, forming a peculiar pants. Wool should not be soft and too long.
In color the main color is white. It is combined with black, red and other shades. Markings on forehead and collar are allowed. They give a certain uniqueness to every animal. The muzzle can be white completely or have the form of a mask in a malamute dog. Description of the breed, the photos show such features well.
Height and weight are considered in conjunction with other features when produced by this dog (malamute) description. Breeds (the size of males is 63.5 cm at the withers, and the weight is 38 kg, in bitches - 58.5 cm and 34 kg respectively) have clear characteristics. When assessing dogs, preference is given to the one that is closest to the standard parameters. The above dimensions are considered ideal for service.
Malamute is one of the most powerful and heavy dogs belonging to the northern breeds. The standard allows some deviations from ideal parameters, but they should be minimal. Otherwise, the dog can not cope with their work. For accurate measurements of growth, the withers are felt to avoid distortion of the calculations due to the large volume of the wool.
Disadvantages of the breed
For transportation of heavy loads is designed Alaskan Malamute. Description of the breed draws attention to the fact that the dog can not compete in speed. Deviations from the standard are assessed by their effect on the performance of the animal. Thus, unhealthy legs, clubfoot, weak pasterns, stilted movements, straight shoulders, subtlety, light bones will be considered serious drawbacks. The vice, which immediately leads to disqualification, is blue eyes.
The expression on the muzzle of a dog of this breed is always friendly and playful. Extremely outgoing malamute. Description of the character must begin with the fact that the dog does not show aggression even to strangers. Good gets along with other pets if they do not claim leadership. If there is disrespect from another dog, the Alaskan Malamute will immediately rush into the battle.
Since he originally lived in the company of other representatives of the breed, a special feature is the desire to get in his pack the role of leader. Therefore, the master must immediately show firmness in education, if his pet is malamute.
Description of the breed character of the dog takes into account without fail. To eradicate unwanted features it is necessary to spend as much time as possible with small puppies in the first month of life. It is also important to practice dog training from a small age. It is necessary to remember that thanks to the high intelligence malamutes remember almost everything from the first time, the repetitions start to tire them. Form the right skill will be difficult if the dog does not see the sense in this activity. Commands pet perceives quickly and easily only if they understand him. Alaskan Malamute is not intended for the role of a defender, as everyone treats with friendliness. The watchman is a bad one, but an impressive sight can stop particularly cowardly criminals.
Malamute wool does not need frequent brushing or washing if the pet lives in a private house. He is capable of putting himself in order. Moulting takes place twice a year. At this time, careful combing is required. In hot days, it is best to keep the dog away from the sun, as hard and thick wool can cause a heat stroke. It is necessary to wash the animal only as needed, it is clean and not odorless. Trimming is not necessary, but claws need to be cut.
Malamute is always active and energetic. To keep in the apartment the animal of this breed is not suitable. In a private house, you need to monitor the direction of energy, as it likes to dig holes and chase small animals for malamutes.
Description of the breed (+ character), photo of the dog can be found in the cynological magazines. The animal demands respect for itself and must do the work for which it is intended. For example, in hikes, you can give him a load, which he will gladly carry. A dog can move an object weighing about 400 kg. This ability contributes to her success in daypulling. But here it is important to remember that to train malamute in this area can begin only when the musculature is formed (not earlier than one year after birth). Good exercises will be the following: jogging with the owner in the morning or cycling, in which the animal runs alongside.
Thanks to the friendly nature of the dog used in the Enamel therapy. Malamute raises the mood of patients in hospitals. It causes love in children who suffer from various diseases. But in this case it's better to use bitches, since they are more patient.
Summarizing the material on the nature and characteristics of this breed, we can distinguish the following:
1. The dog requires increased attention.
2. It is better not to have people with small children.
3. If the dog lives in an apartment, it will shed often. To comb it out it is necessary every day.
4. Often selects things for future games with the host.
5. Mostly friendly with other pets.
6. Excellent training. Does not need commands on high tones, since he understands everything from the first time. If something does not work, then the malamute has not found any sense in the action, and it needs to be explained in a different way.
7. Neutral to people's people.
8. It digs the earth well.
9. Is an indispensable friend and tireless toiler.
To learn more about these dogs, see the description above. Malamute will be your faithful friend!