Chicken coops for 10 hens: drawings, projects
Chicken coop is the place where birds spend most of their time. Here they can not only sleep and eat, but hide from bad weather. For this reason, it is necessary that the house was made correctly and comfortably. Also, do not make chicken coops for 10 chickens too large.
Most often as a material, boards or timber are used. Of course, you can buy a finished house, but it may not meet all the requirements. In order to build a coop, you do not need to hire specialists, you can do it yourself. First of all, you need to decide on the project, and then, having purchased the necessary building material, start working.
How much space does chickens need?
Before you start building a house for a bird, you need to understand its size. So, the size of the henhouse is 10 chickens: width - 1 m, length - 2 m, height - 1.5 m. When building a house, you need to remember that the bird needs good lighting. It is for this reason that you should not build a building in dark places.
As for the roosts, it is better to fasten them at a height of not less than 60 centimeters. Chickens try to climb as high as possible. Categorically it is not recommended to use wide planks for the plots, since the bird will be uncomfortable to sit.
It is best to do the flooring in such a way that the feces wake up in special boxes or containers. This will facilitate the work of bird care. In this case, through such openings should not pass cold air and moisture, so that the chickens do not get sick.
Chicken coop location
Poultry loves warmth and badly tolerates drafts. This means that the henhouse project for 10 chickens should be designed with good lighting in mind. The place should be level, since the house, set on a hill, will be blown by the wind, and installed in the lowland - have a humid atmosphere.
Exit to the enclosure should be located on the south side. The morning rays will warm up the chicken coop even on winter days, so you can not be afraid of frost. The poultry lives by the sun, that is, the chickens begin to stay awake with the first rays of the sun.
Also it is worth remembering that the hens need a place for walking, but it is advisable to fence it. The patio should be located around the house.
Bottom base for chicken coop
In order to build a strong summer or winter henhouse for 10 hens, several conditions must be fulfilled:
- Before you begin laying the foundation, you should get rid of the top layer of soil by 35 centimeters.
- On the plot allocated for construction we fall asleep a sand and gravel sand. Its height should be about 10 centimeters.
- The formwork must be made of boards. It is best if its thickness is 25 centimeters.
- We install a framework of reinforcement 8 mm thick. After this, you can pour concrete grade M300. The size of the site must coincide with the area of the future hen house. Further work can be done only after 3 weeks.
- The floor is installed on wooden blocks, which lie on the foundation.
When the draft and the henhouse drawing for 10 chickens are developed, and the foundation is already filled, you can proceed to installing the flooring. For the construction of the floor is best to use natural materials, it is important that they were dry. The best materials are cement, boards or adobe.
On top of the main floor, you need to lay a litter, which will ensure cleanliness and hygiene in the henhouse. You can use materials such as chopped straw, sand or sawdust. In winter, it is best to lay a bedding of 20-25 centimeters to the bird was comfortable.
To properly build a chicken coop for 10 hens, you need to know some rules, namely the technology of building strong walls. The best quality materials are stone, brick or cinder block, but they are not able to keep the heat that the bird needs. For a chicken house, the beam or logs are best. The walls made of these materials will be strong, and most importantly, they will retain heat. For winter poultry houses you can use adobe brick. It is made of straw and clay.
Walls are installed according to a certain pattern:
- First of all, a frame is constructed of a wooden beam.
- Then you can go to the installation of the walls themselves. They are best covered with boards, between which for insulation can be used as mineral wool, and sawdust.
- As a covering, you can use plywood, boards or boards.
Ceiling and roof installation
An important element of the house for birds is the roof, as it can keep heat and prevent moisture from entering the house. Chicken coops for 10 hens should have a ceiling, because the warm air flows tend to the top.
Of course, you can install a roof with one slope, but then the slope should be in front of the entrance door, so that after the rain the water does not fall into the yard for walking.
The rules for the construction of the roof and ceiling:
- The roof must have two slopes. Thanks to this form, streams of water and snow will not stay on the roof. Using rafters, the house can be made much higher.
- To cover the roof suitable materials such as tiles, slate, ruberoid or reeds.
- The ceiling must be insulated with mineral wool. After warming, you can go to the skin. It is best to cover the ceiling with chipboard.
Device and ventilation
Some believe that it's enough to install walls, floor and roof, but in fact it's not all. An important aspect in the construction of a house for birds is ventilation. For lighting and airing, hen houses with 10 hens should have windows.
If there is a good air exchange in the structure, the bird will be healthy and productive. It is important to install a vent pipe or a small window for ventilation. The first hole should be placed over the roost, simulating the hood. The ventilation pipe is best placed at least half a meter from the perch. Thanks to the pipe, fresh air will enter the house.
Chicken coops for 10 hens should have a comfortable manhole, which will allow the bird to go for a walk. The laz is best placed near the front door.
To build a chicken house, it is not necessary to follow one option for building a house. Currently, there is a huge selection of construction options. Everything depends on the taste and preferences. Some like classic quadrangular houses, and others - triangular rooms.
Whichever option is chosen, it is important that the structure is comfortable and warm. A properly constructed building will provide comfort for birds, and profits for the owners.
In the event that it was possible to build a henhouse for 10 chickens and it meets all the requirements, you can go to the final part of the construction. The last stage in the construction of a good house is the construction of a paddock for birds.
The height of the walk should be about 180 centimeters, and the length and width - about two meters. The territory is covered with a metal or plastic grating. The lower part of the grate should be buried at a depth of 30 centimeters. This will protect the bird from rodents and predators. It is best to trim the bottom of the grid with boards.
Also it is necessary to close the top of the site for the walk with a net. This will prevent the flight of adult birds through the grid.
When the house is built, and the paddock is fenced off, it is possible to launch the first birds that will quickly live in the new territory. In a properly built hen house, the birds will be warm and cozy even in winter.