Kurzhaar German: description of the breed, photo
For people who are keen on hunting, the choice of a four-way satellite is of fundamental importance. One of the universal hunting dogs is the German kurtzhaar, which works well for almost any beast and bird. She is an excellent swimmer. In addition, possessing a complaisant character and a good heart, he will find an approach to all members of the family, become a loyal friend and companion to them.
From the history of the breed
The genealogical tree of kurtzhaar originates from dogs that were actively used for hunting birds in the Mediterranean. They came to German estates through Spain, France and Flanders. One of the main advantages of the dog was her ability to work in a rack.
Soon after the first double-barrel rifle appeared, there was a need for a dog that would work for hunting. This served as a transitional moment from the pureblood pointer to the universal girlfriendly breed. It was called German kurtshaar. Photos of these dogs you can see in the article. They were interbred for giving speed with the fox-hound and with the blood-hound for the acquisition of a subtle sense of smell.
At the moment, the short-haired German cops are still passing through the breeding and improvement filters of the breed. The established standard presupposes the physique of a universal hunting dog, which can fulfill all the requirements associated with capturing an animal or a bird, even in adulthood.
General appearance and dimensions
It should be noted that the German pointer kurtshaar is a fairly large dog. The height at the withers in males reaches 58.5-63.5 cm, and in females - 53-58.5 cm, and weight up to 32 and 27 kg, respectively. Life expectancy of the breed is on average 12-15 years.
Kurzhaar has a noble and courageous, handsome appearance. The chest is not as deep as the pointer's, legs are slender. The standard color is solid coffee, or spotted coffee with a crab, brown-piebald with a crab and a pint, coffee-piebald and black-and-piebald. At the first meeting with the dog, one gets the impression of a well-balanced and harmoniously built, aristocratic animal with a cheerful temper and intelligent eyes, which, however, is confirmed in the future.
Excerpts from the standard
Here are a few requirements of the standard for the described breed:
- Kurzhaar German can not be too large or small and must match the above parameters at the withers.
- The head of the dog is dry, not light, but not heavy, in proportion to the body. Cranial part slightly rounded and wide enough. The nose is brown, the nostrils are wide and open.
- The tail is set high, at the base it is thick and tapers gradually towards the end. It is cut by half length or 2/5 part. When the dog is calm, the tail is lowered down, while moving - horizontally, but never bends to the back and is not cocked.
- According to the standard, the German kurtshaar has rounded paws collected in a "ball", or in the form of a spoon with thick pads. They should not be turned inside or out. Fingernails with powerful claws.
Characteristics of character
Kurtzhaar is the owner of an even and calm disposition. He is appreciated for his high performance, endurance, strength, speed of devotion and sociability. They are not aggressive and do not bite, but they can easily cope with the role of a guard dog.
Representatives of the breed, as noted by breeders, are fans of barking. In order that this feature does not interfere with hunting, it is necessary from the childhood to teach them to cast their voice only at the signal.
By the way, the German kurtshaar training gives in easily enough, he is intelligent and receptive to learning. However, he has a tendency to dominate, so explain who in the house the master follows immediately, otherwise he will feel weak and quickly understand who can be manipulated.
Dogs do not tolerate loneliness at all. They are very sociable and get on well with all members of the family, including children. With the latter it is worth to be more careful, since a good-natured dog can simply knock them down in a fit of joy.
These facts once again confirm that the breed is universal in all respects. In addition to the beautiful hunter, you will receive a faithful friend and favorite of the whole family.
Walking and loading
The German hunting dog kurtshaar is very energetic, she seldom remains at rest. That's why she needs long walks in the fresh air, active games and fast running. Unnatural weather while it does not bother.
The dog must give "an outlet for emotions," otherwise she will be looking for entertainment in the house. Walking should be continuous and at least 2 times a day. Physical loading kurtshaaru is simply necessary, so be sure to play with the dog. She especially likes to bring something, and the further you throw the object (stick, rubber duck, plate, etc.), the better.
Contained kurtshaar German can both at home and in the cage, on the street. In the first case, his curious character will not allow to stand aside, and the dog will always be the center of attention and near its owners. And if you keep in the cage, you need to heat up. Dogs absolutely do not like drafts and this must be taken into account when settling their place.
Be sure to provide them with good rubber toys and ropes, otherwise they can take care of household items - slippers, shoes and furniture. Thick coat also requires constant care, it must be brushed regularly.
The described breed is distinguished by strong health and excellent immunity in general. Their use in hunting in water and in inclement weather conditions is entirely permissible. Their thick wool dries quickly and still heats well.
In rare cases, the German kurtshaar dog suffers from joint diseases and femoral dysplasia, which are characteristic of other sports and hunting breeds. There may be diseases such as melanoma, cataracts, epilepsy, raw eczema and obesity, in the case of a sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise.
An important point is the ears. It is necessary to monitor their condition, maintaining cleanliness. In order to prevent various diseases, kurtshaaram is required to do all necessary vaccinations (as recommended by the veterinarian).
In order for the dog to develop properly, it was active, mobile and fun, it needs a balanced and proper nutrition in the required quantity. Kurzhaar German is a hunter, therefore it is not difficult to guess that the basis of its diet should be meat (50%). Naturally, this should be quality and safe products.
Meat also means by-products, but by no means sausage or sausages. In addition, the dog needs clean water, vegetables and fruits (raw or boiled), as well as special multivitamins. Once or twice a week, you can give milk products, cereals, not too bony fish, eggs. Experts recommend to exclude from the diet macaroni, peas, potatoes and various sweets.
The number of meals depends directly on the age of the pet. So, small puppies under the age of 3 months should eat often - 5-6 times, with half a year this number is reduced to 3-4. Adult dogs should be fed twice a day.
How to choose a puppy?
After making a decision to purchase a puppy breed Kurskhaar German, a question arises as to how to choose it. Not to be mistaken to you the registered standard will help. The external features of the dog, its pedigree - all these are the basic factors that will help choose a real hunter and loyal friend, a favorite of the family and athlete with an excellent character and heredity. When choosing a puppy, pay special attention to the following points:
- Floor. Males are wonderful hunters at any time of the year, and bitches are best suited for breed breeding and subsequent sale of puppies.
- General appearance, including color, stance, ears, tail, correct bite, running.
- Age. Experts recommend taking small puppies - ideally up to 4 months or, at most, half a year. This is important not only for the owner, but also for the dog, since at a young age it is easier for them to adapt to new conditions.
- The qualities of the parents. To do this, pay close attention to the puppy's pedigree.
Hunting with Kurzhaar
As already mentioned, the breed is universal. Kurtzhaar is a natural hunter - this is his direct purpose. He is extremely unpretentious, reliable, for him there are no obstacles on the hunt. It works equally well in the winter on snow, in strong wind, rain or full calm, in a swamp or in a forest.
In the summer, you do not have to worry about insects that the dog does not care for because of tough and dense hair. In winter hunting, it easily tolerates frosts to -20 ° C, but if there is a draft in the car, when moving, it can catch a cold. Well cope with water in spring and summer. However, if the water is cold, then after the hunt, the dog should be wiped and covered with a cloak.
At home, the kurtshaar can get bored, become passive. His calling is nature and hunting. Only there his tireless character is revealed to the full. He changes before his eyes as soon as he sees that the owner is going to hunt and remains grateful to him after it is completed.
ICCO "German kurtshaar"
In our country, as in many others, there is an inter-regional public kennel club, whose members are the owners of the German Kurzhaar. Due to the fact that the overwhelming majority of its members are active hunters, the work of the organization is aimed at achieving the maximum effect from the use of dogs in this matter.
A lot of useful information, communication with experts from the club and just hobby colleagues will certainly bring a lot of new things into your life. All members of the community receive a number of benefits, namely:
- getting up-to-date information about the club's activities before the rest;
- a discount of 25-30% on participation in club competitions;
- the possibility of creating a blog and communicating with other members of the club;
- assistance in preparing documents in the RKF and RALS;
- free posting information about their dogs, etc.