Bleeding during pregnancy at an early age: causes
Waiting time of the baby becomes the most pleasant and natural for every woman. With the onset of pregnancy in the body of the fair sex occur tremendous changes. So, many expectant mothers are concerned about the issue of vaginal discharge. This article will tell you about what are the bleeding during pregnancy in the early period and in later periods of fetal development. You will find out what can cause this or that pathology. Also worth mentioning is how to stop bleeding in the early stages.
What happens in the body after conception?
Immediately after the fusion of the two gametes (male and female), a set of cells is formed, which begins to divide continuously and move toward the genital organ. When a fetal egg enters the uterus, its attachment to the wall covered by the endometrium occurs. From this moment it can be said that the pregnancy has come.
In most cases, the bearing of an infant in women occurs without distinction. However, there are cases when bleeding occurs during pregnancy at an early age. In this case, you should always consult a doctor. Only an experienced specialist can soberly assess the situation and prescribe the necessary treatment. With timely correction, it is possible to keep the pregnancy and safely endure the child.
Early pregnancy: general description
To begin with it is worth to say that this is for a period of time. Early pregnancy is considered to be a period of up to 12 weeks. It is in this time interval that the majority of interruptions in the development of the embryo occur.
Many doctors say that when you have crossed this line, you can be calm. Pregnancy is more, as a rule, nothing is threatened.
Bloody discharge during pregnancy (early term)
While waiting for the baby, the inner hormonal background of the woman is completely reconstructed. As a result of this process, vaginal discharge may increase. In the normal state, they have a white or transparent color, and are characterized by the absence of any odor.
About a third of all expectant mothers encounter such phenomena as bleeding during pregnancy. Is it worth to panic in this case? Or can I let things go by themselves? The answers to these questions directly depend on the cause of the pathology that has arisen. It is only the doctor who can determine what contributed to the occurrence of unusual discharges. Consider what causes bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy are the most common
The first reason: damage to the endometrium by a fetal egg
This situation can be attributed to one of the most innocuous. This state does not threaten the future baby. Often, at the very beginning of pregnancy, when women are unaware of their new condition, they take the allocation for the menstrual period that started earlier.
Implantation occurs approximately one week after ovulation. It is the same time that remains until the beginning of a new cycle. When a fetal egg descends into the genital organ, it immediately begins to penetrate into the layer of the endometrium. Thus, the embryo digs a hole for itself to stay and grow. During this process, minor damage to small vessels can occur. Buried capillaries emit blood droplets, which are then mixed with abundant vaginal secretions and leave the genitals. It is at this point that a woman may notice that she has brownish or pinkish discharge.
Such bleeding during pregnancy (in the early term) poses no danger. Most often they pass independently for several days. It should be noted that the amount of mucus released gradually decreases, and it becomes lighter.
The second reason: cervical erosion
Bleeding during pregnancy (in the early and late term) may occur due to damage to the mucous membrane of the cervical canal. Most often erosion of the cervix manifests itself in the usual state (before conception). However, with the onset of fertilization, the mucosa becomes even more sensitive. Vessels and capillaries that are inside the cervix are filled with blood. That is why when erosion during pregnancy, often spotting appears.
Threats such a pathology does not bear. However, doctors recommend a certain procedure of examination, called colposcopy. It is this diagnosis that allows you to assess the complexity of the disease. Treat erosion is recommended only after childbirth. Otherwise, there may be problems with the opening of the cervix.
The third reason: polyps and cysts of endocervix
Bleeding during pregnancy at an early age or at a later time may occur due to neoplasms in the cervix. Most often, such a pathology is a polyp or a small cyst of endocervix. Since the cervix of the uterus is filled with a multitude of vessels, there may be a slight damage. In this case, the droplets of blood are mixed with the vaginal secretions and come out.
Such bleeding during pregnancy in the early stages or later does not pose a particular danger to the life of the fetus. However, if an infection enters the wound, infection can occur. Polyp requires compulsory treatment, but it should only be done after the birth of a baby.
Fourth reason: lack of progesterone
Bleeding in early pregnancy can be caused by inadequate hormone production. In the second phase of the cycle, women normally have progesterone. It is produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands. With some hormonal disorders, there may be insufficient isolation of this substance. In this case premature contraction of the genital organ begins. All this leads to the fact that the fetal egg begins to exfoliate from its place and there is a threat of termination of pregnancy.
Treatment in this case must be carried out necessarily. Before prescribing medicines, a doctor can send you to donate blood to determine the amount of this hormone. After the results are obtained, the individual dosage and correction method is selected. More often for treatment of such pathology the following preparations are chosen: tablets "Dyufaston", injections "Progesteron" or suppositories "Utrozhestan". It is worth noting that in some cases it takes a long time to take medicine. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the body and the further course of pregnancy.
The fifth reason: endometriosis
Bleeding on early pregnancy causes causes more often hormonal. So, the ailment can be caused by a disease called "endometriosis". In this case, the envelope of the genital organ grows elsewhere. It can appear on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, in the abdominal cavity or vagina. After the onset of pregnancy and the termination of the menstrual cycle, there is sometimes a rejection of the overgrown endometrium. In this case, the woman observes quite abundant spotting in the early stages of pregnancy.
Treatment in this situation should be conducted in accordance with the individual situation and the general well-being of the future mother.
The sixth reason: pregnancy, developing outside the cavity of the childbearing organ
With ectopic pregnancy, bleeding can occur from the genital organs of the expectant mother in the early stages. In this case, the woman begins to feel pain in the lower abdomen, weakness and nausea. Diagnosis of pathology is always carried out using blood tests and ultrasound. It is worth noting that an ectopic pregnancy can affect the ovary, fallopian tube or even be in the abdominal cavity. With the development of "tubal" pregnancy, a woman feels stronger signs of this pathology. Greased symptoms occur when the embryo is in the ovary or peritoneum.
Treatment in this case must be carried out necessarily. It is almost always surgical.
Seventh reason: low placental location
The causes of bleeding during pregnancy in the early stages can be covered in a low placenta previa. If the fetal egg is attached too low or completely blocked the entrance to the uterus, then these symptoms may appear. In this case, the woman most often does not feel any additional discomfort. Allocations begin to appear after sexual intercourse, when lifting weights or strong physical exertion.
Treatment in this situation is most often performed in a hospital. The future mother is assigned bed rest. Some drugs that stop blood can also be recommended: tablets "Tranexam", injections "Dicinon" and others.
Eighth reason: inaccuracy
Bloody discharge in the early stages of pregnancy can be caused by banal inaccuracy. If you are prescribed treatment, when you need to insert vaginal candles or tablets, then you need to do this as accurately as possible. Otherwise, the sensitive mucous membrane of the vagina may be damaged. Also during sexual intercourse you need to be careful. Otherwise, the cervix can be slightly injured.
Treatment in this case is not required. However, the doctor will recommend that you continue to be more careful and observe personal hygiene in order to avoid infection of the wound.
Ninth reason: monthly in time
Only a few pregnant women face this situation. This category of expectant mothers has a monthly menstruation, which comes strictly in time. In this bloody discharge lasts several days and can be quite abundant. To such bleeding, doctors are very wary. However, after carrying out the surveys and analyzes, specialists come to the conclusion that the woman and her future baby are not threatened. These discharge most often cease after the first three months of pregnancy.
Treatment is prescribed only if a woman has a complaint.
Bleeding during pregnancy: causes, effects
So, you know the most common causes of bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy. The consequences of this disease can be very diverse.
In some cases, when the cause is implantation bleeding, erosion or trivial inaccuracy, the health of the future baby is not threatened. In this case, the consequences are likely to arise no.
If the cause of bleeding is a lack of progesterone, placenta praevia or an ectopic pregnancy, then everything can be much more serious. The consequences of such ailments can be very deplorable. That is why, when they arise, you should contact your doctor in the shortest possible time.
Summing up and conclusion
You are familiar with the causes that cause bleeding during pregnancy at an early age. Always at similar signs it is necessary to consult with the expert, instead of to be engaged in a selftreatment. Do not listen to the advice of girlfriends. Each pregnancy is individual and unpredictable.
In time, treat bleeding during pregnancy. Only in this case you will be able to bear and give birth to a healthy baby. Good pregnancy and delivery in time!