Carpets: reviews and tips
Residents of Russia with the arrival of colds face the problem of a cool floor in the apartment. This problem can easily be solved by covering the floor with carpet. Carpeting has been known to mankind since ancient times. For several centuries they were a luxury item in the homes of wealthy townspeople. Although at the present moment, everything has changed! Among floor carpets, the leading position is covered with carpet. This material can be floored in almost every room, except for the bathroom, and most often it is used in bedrooms and children's rooms.
The origin of the carpet
The first carpet making machine was created in 1950: then engineer Cobble thought that it was possible to produce a coating with ease, simply by piercing the fabric with a needle and thread. After various studies with the choice of materials, it was found that with frequent puncture of the filament a fleecy uniform layer appears, reminiscent of a simple carpet layer. Actually, this is how the batch of material, not known earlier, was called carpet.
Carpet, reviews about which constantly attract new customers, is a high-quality carpet. There are people who think that this is the same as the carpet. We find out the differences between them. So, each carpet has a clear size. In addition, he always has a completed drawing. In the house, it performs 2 functions: an interior element and a heat insulator. Floor carpet with pile does not have a clear size, it can be purchased in different lengths, while the image on this flooring is repeated. It is easy to pack, in addition, it has a reasonable price and great practicality.
The carpet, whose photo can be seen in this article, consists of the following elements: anchoring layer, pile, foundation (primary and secondary). The primary basis of the pile secures. Depending on the field of application, it can be woven and non-woven. At the same time, woven fabric is made of polypropylene, and the second type is made of polypropylene and polyamide.
In the primary layer, the threads of the nap are fixed firmly with the adhesive compound, which in turn is the fixing layer. It consists of a special dispersion material. The secondary basis influences wear resistance, elasticity, elasticity, heat and sound insulation, sliding and resistance to shrinkage of the carpet. There are a lot of varieties of them. We will get acquainted only with the most popular ones.
It is an environmentally friendly material with a large list of shortcomings. For example, shrinkage from humidity, and this leads to the appearance of an unpleasant odor, the formation of mold, decay, as well as the decomposition of filaments. Therefore, the use of such a carpet is advisable only in dry, actively ventilated rooms.
Its advantage is considered moisture resistance. This material is not erased, does not change its size under the action of moisture, does not decompose, although it requires complete drying after it is wet, as it has a predisposition to mold.
At the moment, this material is almost not used in the manufacture of flooring, as it has some drawbacks. In this case, an excellent solution is a carpet with a base made of artificial felt, which has water-repellent and heat-insulating properties. Its only drawback is high cost.
Carpet it gives a feeling of softness and comfort, even with a small pile and a small padding density. Among the shortcomings highlight the moment that this inexpensive carpet when laying to the floor is very tight, due to what the chances of its safe movement without damage are very small.
Types of nap
Carpet is also subdivided by the kind of weaving. There are coatings with a short pile, medium length and high. The material is single-level and multi-level. The last version of the loop has different lengths, which give the image volume. This carpet, whose photo you can see in the article, certainly looks better in the aesthetic sense, but caring for it is much more complicated.
This is one of the types of one-level coverage. This fiber with this production method is not twisted, while the tips of the villi are fluffed, so the surface becomes tender and pleasant to the touch. If the material has a color gamut of one tone, spots and dirty prints will be visible on it. But this coating is perfectly cleaned.
This carpet, reviews of which are mostly positive, with a twisted high pile. Vorsinki look curly, keeping its shape due to heat treatment. Its most common form is a carpet two-facade coating, which is made of loop pile of various thicknesses. Such material is perfectly tolerated by crushing. In addition, the carpet print is very popular, since it is possible to easily place any necessary image on it.
This pile is a mixture of cut and uncircumcised loops, and even single villi. Because of this heterogeneous coating, it is interesting and beautiful. Very often they put such carpet on the floor because of its high wear resistance, because of which it is possible to lay the coating even in the corridor.
Technology of carpet making has not fundamentally changed. Machines have become more precise and faster, materials are much better, a puncture system has arisen, needle-cutting technology has appeared, but the principle has remained the same: threads creating pile and base. To date, in the production of several types of carpet.
In this case, the base is pierced with nap threads. The coating produced in this way has hinges on the front side, so such an inexpensive carpet is often called a loop. In this case, the loops can also be cut, creating a coating with cut threads. The weight of such a carpet depends on the number of stitches, the type of thread and the distance between the needles.
In the production of needles, which have along the entire length of a notch instead of the ears, during the movement it entangles the fibers, due to which a whole web appears. Such a carpet, whose price is very affordable (from 300 rubles / m), is inferior in appearance to needle-cutting, but is very popular due to its strength.
Such a floor covering is manufactured in the most expensive way, since the threads of the pile in it are intertwined with the warp threads, creating a very complex structure. This procedure is lengthy and complex, although it allows to produce a coating of the highest quality. Its cost starts from 700 rubles / m.
Material for carpet production
The main material for carpet production is fiber. It is artificial, as well as natural.
Polyamide fiber is an incredibly dense and wear-resistant material. Such a floor covering preserves texture and color for a long time, the pile under the weight of the furniture is not crooked, while it does not wear out from intensive walking.
Polypropylene fiber is the only material with excellent antistatic properties. This makes it possible to forget that it must be treated with an antistatic agent. The coating is characterized by low abrasion resistance, as well as fire safety.
Polyester fiber is similar in appearance to wool, although the latter is significantly inferior in all respects.
Wool has many advantages. These include strength, low thermal conductivity, elasticity and high fire safety. About this carpet feedback can be heard not the best - many talk about its high cost, the accumulation of static charge, fear of moths and dampness.
Acrylic fiber has an average level of stability. Consequently, it is often used together with other materials, which significantly increase its resistance to abrasion.
Consequently, carpet can be classified as a quality flooring. The given material is considered durable and unpretentious - it without loss of qualities will serve about fifteen years. It can be placed in all rooms, except, of course, a bathroom in which high humidity and dampness will shorten its life several times.
Carpet cover: Reviews
Today, if you want to buy a carpet, you can easily find reviews about a particular product. Many of them depend on the quality of the material purchased. So, some people complain about the high cost of woolen carpet, and when buying cheap - on the complexity of care for it and low quality.