Scottish fold cats (Scottish Fold): character, colors, features of the breed
For some breeds of dogs (Rottweiler, Labrador, Collie, Pug, and others), different forms of lop-earedness are not a wonder, which can not be said about cats. Therefore, these animals, thanks to their original appearance, won great popularity among fans of purring beauties.
One of the brightest representatives of this variety are Scottish Fold cats, who are more often called Scottish Folds. These animals have such a vivid and memorable appearance that they can not be confused with representatives of other breeds.
When this cat hides in the grass, it is very much like a young owl: a neat round head, on which there are almost no ears, and huge eyes. So what is this mysterious animal - Scottish fold fold, where he appeared, what is remarkable, what is his nature and habits? We will talk about this in this article.
Scottish Fold: from the history of the breed
According to some studies, Scottish fold appeared in 1796 in China. From where he was transported to Europe by an English sailor. This version tells about when and how for the first time in Europe there was a cat with a lop-eared, however it not that cat about which we will speak today.
If you want to know about where the Scottish Fold cats came from, then we offer you another version of the origin of the modern "fool" cat. The breed appeared in Scotland. Its founder was William Ross, who in 1961 noticed a cat with unusual appearance on the market and bought from the owner only one kitten - Kitty Suzy. She became the ancestor of the breed, which in many crosses acquired many interesting colors and features.
After a while, this breed in Scotland was stopped, as numerous mutations were identified. And only in 1978 it was taken up by specialists from the United States.
At a young age, Scottish Fold cats differ from their parents in that it is practically impossible for them to understand how a baby will grow: with standing ears or hanging ones. This is due to the fact that there is an obligatory condition for breeding cats of this breed - folding the fold with a straight (an animal with ordinary ears). At birth, all kittens have straight ears. About how the kitten will be in a month, even the breeder does not know. This becomes evident only after four weeks at least, and sometimes later.
The Scottish fold has amazing shapes. They are as if drawn with the help of a circular - round head, round eyes, round cheeks, rounded chin. The nose is quite wide. The business card of these animals are the ears. Therefore, in the breed standard, special attention is paid to them.
The anuricle has one or two wrinkles and should be tightly pressed to the head. Ears seem to continue the circumference of the head, while not in the least violating the proportions and impressions of "puppetry". In adult animals, the distance between them is large: the palm of a man easily fits between them. And for babies the distance between the ears is five to six centimeters.
Cats are Scottish folds of medium size. The limbs are short, with neat round paws. The tail is proportional to the whole body, of medium size.
Representatives of this breed can have a wool cover of medium length or long. In any case, it is dense, has a homogeneous structure. In the Scottish Fold, the "panties" and the bundles of hair between the toes should be clearly pronounced.
If the wool has a pronounced "wadded" quality, it is considered a disqualifying factor.
They can be different in the Scottish fold. Colors experts divide into several groups:
- monochrome (white, black and others);
- clarified (blue, purple, etc.);
- tortoise shells;
Lavender, chocolate, point color and a combination of these colors with white color is an impermissible sign. A plain black Scottish fold is rare, so its cost is quite high.
Amazing adaptive abilities are distinguished by Scottish fold. New family members, a new place - for folded cats, there is not much difference. Most breeders note that animals and breeds of Scottish Fold show a surprising calmness at the presentations and exhibitions. The nature of these cats can be called unruffled.
Scots do not differ by excessive mischief or hyperactivity. This is an extremely intelligent breed. Its representatives will not climb on eaves, they prefer to stay close to the warm side of the owner. Cats-Scottish fold are undemanding and unobtrusive. They are obedient, but because of their content problems do not arise.
With such a pet you do not have to be nervous because the cat climbs on the cabinet or rushes around the apartment with incredible speed. Declare their existence, they only when, in their opinion, the owner forgot to do something important, for example, feed them.
However, we can not say that apathetic and inactive cats breed Scottish fold. They love and play, especially at a young age. Kittens will surprise owners with only their own, strange poses. This also applies to adult animals - they often engage in "cat yoga". For example, they like to sit, pulling their paws forward, or become in the pose of a chipmunk.
Friendliness of cat breeds cat Scottish fold. The nature of these animals allows them to quickly get used to other domestic pets and not enter into conflict with them. Many owners note that even the most ferocious fighting dog next to a Scotsman turns into an affectionate and playful puppy. In addition, each kitten is different in personality, brings something new to the life of the owner. Some kittens are waiting for increased attention to their own person, others are completely calm, others are very curious, and so on.
The nature of your pet depends largely on how you will bring it up, taking into account the inherent characteristics that were laid in the beginning of life.
Attitudes towards children
These are ideal companions for children's games, although kittens are afraid of noise and loud sounds, so in a family where there are very young children, it is worthwhile to take more adult animals.
Caring for the representatives of this breed is not difficult. As a rule, the requirements for caring for them almost do not differ from standard ones:
- full nutrition, which should include the necessary vitamins and trace elements;
- care for the hair (washing as it gets dirty, combing out);
- care for the eyes, ears, haircut claws.
But there are also features of care that are peculiar to this breed.
- When combing the hair, do not use a puffer that can damage the chic undercoat.
- In the ears of these cats, much more sulfur is accumulated than in ordinary cats, so the ears should be cleaned more often.
- Eating lop-eared can be natural products or ready-balanced feeds.
In the first case, the animal's diet should include:
- lean meat (turkey, beef, chicken,);
- sea fish (for lop-eared cats, river fish is harmful);
- cottage cheese;
- a raw egg;
Ready food is best to choose a premium class. It is nutritious, it contains the necessary vitamins and trace elements and, as a rule, it does not cause allergies.
Crossing of two Scottish folds is prohibited in order to avoid bone mutations. Often this results in the birth of offspring with developmental defects that can not be used in breeding. It is permissible to knit between folds and straights. A cat lop-eared can be knit with a cat, with standing ears, and a lop-eared cat - only with a cat with straight ears.
Sometimes Scottish folds are knitted with short-haired British cats, however, this happens rarely. This kind of binding is necessary for this breed. Scottish fold as a result acquires a new set of genes. In this case, the breeder spends a few matings between the animal folds, and only after that with the British shorthair, which looks similar to the fold.
In females of this breed, estrus begins at seven to eight months, but at this time it is still very early to mate, it is better to wait for the next one. Pregnancy lasts from 58 to 78 days. A cat has one to four kittens. Predicting how many of them will be lop-dead is impossible.
Normal births last for a day, but more often they occur faster. If the cat gives birth for the first time, try not to leave it alone. Usually this process occurs without complications, but it is better not to risk the health of cats and offspring.
Where to buy a kitten?
Today, many people want to have a Scottish Fold pet. Cattery of Scottish breed can be found today in almost every major city in our country. For example, in Moscow the most famous are SuperFold and Rumfold cattery. In St. Petersburg - Snow city, Rion. In Rostov-on-Don - "Elbon Fold."
Choosing a kitten
All thoroughbred cats are divided into three categories: pet, breed and show class. It is true to say to which class the animal belongs only after reaching the age of twelve weeks. Experts advise to buy a kitten at this age, because it is during this period that you can already get an idea of the ex-terrier of an animal, see possible natural defects.
In case you need an animal for presentation at exhibitions, breeders advise buying a cat at the age of one year. If you take a little kitten, he will not get the necessary skills from his mother, he will not be socialized enough. Taking a kitten out of the kennel or from the breeder, do not forget to find out what the baby was feeding in order not to transfer it to a new feed. A sharp transition to a new diet can provoke a kitten stomach upset.
A kitten of Scotty fold up to four months should be fed four times a day. Then it is transferred to a three-time regime, from eight months it can be fed twice a day, like an adult animal.
The gene, which is responsible for the lop-eared, often causes serious skeletal changes. They can cause a disease such as osteochondrodystrophy. To him most inclined are animals with stiff inflexible limbs and a thick and short tail.
This disease can cause very severe pain. Otherwise, the health of these cats is good, life expectancy reaches with good care for twenty years. Do not forget to do preventive vaccinations on time, even if you do not release it to the street.
The cost of a kitten
Today this is a very popular animal - Scottish fold. The price of a kitten depends on a number of factors. This is the popularity of the kennel in which the animal was born, and the conditions for its maintenance, and belonging to one of the cat categories (pet, breed or show).
Future owners need to know that a thoroughbred healthy kitten can not cost inexpensively. The cheapest category is pet. If you need a pet, and you do not plan to participate in exhibitions and shows, then such an animal will suit you. But you should know that cats and cats of this category are not allowed to breed, so they are sterilized or neutered. Such a kitten costs from 5 thousand rubles.
Much more expensive will cost you kitten show-class breed Scottish fold. The price of such a baby is not less than 40 thousand rubles.
Scottish fold: reviews
Many owners note that, in addition to outstanding external data, folds are smart, adhere to members of their new family, are good for children. The hosts are absolutely unanimous in that it's a pleasure to watch Scottish watches.
These are excellent companions who are always close to the owner. When they need they just sit next to them, if they feel that the person is nervous - they purr and cheer up.