When do puppies open their eyes? Development of puppies
Puppies are born absolutely helpless and need not only care from the mother, but also in the attention of the breeder. It is in the first month of life that babies are especially vulnerable. Therefore, it is necessary to know when puppies open their eyes, and start to hear other important points.
Development of newborn puppies
It should be noted immediately that the development of each puppy is individual, and it is impossible to determine the rigid terms. Even littermates can differ significantly from each other.
After 2-3 days after birth, the umbilical cord disappears from the puppies. In order to avoid infection of the umbilical wound, it is necessary to keep them from birth in a warm room on a clean stove. Newborns sleep much and at the same time often move and push. This is necessary for the development of the musculature and the nervous system.
After one or two weeks, the kids start moving around - crawling along the bottom of their box. While they are guided only by the smell, it is not yet the time when puppies open their eyes after birth. Trying to get up and walk the dogs begin about 16 days, and at 21 days they can already move confidently. The bottom of the box and the place where the puppies are walking should not be slippery. If the paws of the toddlers are moving in different directions - cover the surface with a dense coverlet.
At the age of 4 weeks the puppies play with each other, run around, pay attention to toys. At this time, socialization begins, they learn to communicate with each other, contact the person.
Puppies without teeth are born. Like humans, dogs first grow dairy teeth, which will later be replaced by permanent teeth. Cut the milk teeth begin in 2-4 weeks. By the age of two months all the milk teeth should be cut.
How long does the puppies open their eyes? This happens on average 12-15 days after birth. Ears open later - at 14-17 days, and it is good to hear puppies begin only by the 4th week. Recognizing hearing problems and congenital deafness can be difficult, especially when the puppy is among littermates. Often, such shortcomings are found only after moving to a new home.
The responsible breeder should take care of the health of the puppies from birth. Animals should be carefully inspected to prevent birth defects. If they are found and are not compatible with life, the humane solution will be lulling.
The standard of some breeds requires the relief of tails. This procedure should be performed at an early age - 2-4 days. It is during this period that relief is most easily tolerated, animals do not suffer, and the wound heals in the shortest possible time. As a rule, this procedure is performed at home. If the puppies are taken to the clinic, then it is necessary to take a bitch with them, which will calm and feed the babies.
At 2 and 4 weeks of de-worming, and at 6-7 weeks of age - the first inoculation. A female glistogonyat together with puppies. It is necessary to fear not only ribbon and round, but also heart worms.
Puppies leave the house not earlier than a month, usually after the activation, which is made in 6-7 weeks. A veterinarian or specialist from a breed club inspects the puppies, after which they receive the first document - puppy.
When do puppies open their eyes after birth?
Babies are born very tiny and completely dependent on the mother. The eyes and auditory aisles are closed. Many beginner breeders are interested in when puppies open their eyes. Usually this happens on the 10-16th day after birth. Eyes can open both in one day and in 3-4 days.
Do not forget that every animal develops at its own speed, and some puppies may lag behind brothers and sisters. Normally, a healthy baby's eyes should open before the 20th day. This delay does not indicate a lag in development, vices or any diseases.
From the 18th day you can help the puppy a little - very gently and gently rub the eyes with warm water. Water should be boiled, cotton - sterile, hands - clean. For each eye there is a new tampon. Do not tear your eyelids at all, do not stare into the eyes with dirty hands. If the puppy has not opened his eyes after reaching the age of 20 days, contact the veterinarian.
When puppies open their eyes, they begin to explore the world around them. They have preferences and character. This is the period of active development and the beginning of socialization.
What you need to pay attention to
So, now you know when the puppies open their eyes. Formation of the retina ends by the 21st day. It is very important not to leave babies in bright light - this is harmful to the eyes. It's good to see the pups begin at the age of four weeks.
If the puppy's eyes have not yet opened, but look swollen - this is an excuse to contact the veterinarian, an infection is possible. The help of the expert and in case of a pyesis or reddening will be required.
In newborn puppies, eyes are bluish. Later it will change to permanent. But if the eyes seem cloudy, whitish or too blue, then show the puppy to the vet.