Catarrhal angina in children
Many modern parents often face such a disease of children as catarrhal angina (photos of the throat in this disease can be seen in various medical literature), and do not know what it is and how to treat it. Unpleasant symptoms can appear in the cold season. Especial exacerbation of the disease is observed in autumn and winter, when the immunity of children decreases compared to the summer period, when a lot of vitamins are used and there are favorable conditions for active leisure at any time of the day.
Catarrhal angina in children occurs against a background of viral infectious infections, as well as due to hypothermia. This form of manifestation is not too dangerous and characterizes only the initial stages of inflammatory processes, which can turn into more serious forms if treatment measures are not taken in time.
Catarrhal angina and its causes
The main pathogens of the disease are pathogenic bacteria, viral microbes, staphylococci and streptococci. Inflammatory processes of the larynx can be a consequence of caries, sinusitis, otitis, adenoids and even overfatigue and violation of the regime. Therefore, before you start to take any measures, it is worth to visit a doctor and find out the cause of angina.
Medical indicators of the presence of the disease are dry mouth in the absence of a cold, enlarged tonsils and bright color of the larynx. Inflammatory processes of the trachea can be accompanied by high fever and increased lymph nodes. It is worth noting that catarrhal angina in children, whose treatment is almost always based on taking antibiotics, is much more difficult than in adults.
How is angina in children
The peculiarities of the course of catarrhal angina in children and adults vary considerably, so many mothers and dads can not recognize the insidious illness in time, aggravating the situation.
The main preventive measures against angina are frequent walks in the fresh air, hardening for the sake of improving immunity, physical preparation of the body.
To catch germs and get sick a child can in kindergarten or in a public place due to their spread by airborne droplets.
Catarrhal angina in children is the first signal to take the most stringent preventive measures to increase immunity immediately after recovery. Do not respond to inflammatory processes in the larynx can not, because they can result in the development of arthritis, kidney disease and cardiovascular system.
To notice the development of catarrhal angina in a child can be due to the presence of a mucous film in a language easily removed from it, and also along the bright red larynx.
During the development of signs of angina, the baby needs a bed strict regime, frequent and abundant warm sweet drink, as well as treatment of the larynx with anti-inflammatory sprays intended only for children - they should be prescribed by the attending physician after examination of the patient.
Komarovsky about angina
All known good doctor Komarovsky characterizes catarrhal angina as a sudden and acute disease. Viral disease can be transmitted from the carrier by airborne droplets. The weakened organism is an excellent medium for the development of streptococci, especially when the baby has not recovered after another cold.
Komarovsky directs all parents in the direction of easy disease on account of the correct measures of providing first aid to the patient. If the parents negligently treat such a diagnosis as angina, Komarovsky says that they can subsequently have the result of development in the child of many complications in the body - diseases of the kidneys, heart, joints and a number of ailments.
Treatment of catarrhal angina
So, how to treat catarrhal angina? The main provisions for getting rid of it are bed rest regime and abundant warm drink. The more the patient uses fluids, the sooner the healing process will begin. When the angina flows in the absence of temperature and the resulting appetite of the child, it must be fed in small portions and preferably wiped out with food, so as not to create pain in the larynx. If this condition is not taken into account, the child may refuse to eat at all due to fear of the resulting cutting pain in the throat.
Drugs to be taken with angina
During the initial timely detected stage of the disease development, it is possible to stop the inflammatory process with the help of combined medicines "Biseptol", "Septrin", "Bactrim", "Streptocide". If the child has an elevated body temperature, treatment should begin with a decrease in it by taking Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Nurofen, or Aspirin, and then proceed with medical procedures with Loratadine, Suprastin, Diazolin, Tavegil.
It should be remembered that the medicines should be prescribed by the attending physician who examined the child and made the diagnosis.
To support the immunity of the baby, you can independently give him a vitaminized complex, available in the house, without fail with the content of vitamin C.
When to call a doctor
Many parents, not knowing that a child has caught a sore throat, can not take the necessary measures when she begins to present unpleasant surprises related to the health of the baby. So, in order not to aggravate the situation with the development of inflammatory processes, it is necessary to call a doctor at home in the following cases and with such symptoms:
- pain in the larynx of the child does not last for several days;
- the kid refuses to drink and eat;
- it is impossible to bring down the fever;
- the walls of the throat are covered with white and yellow spots, reminiscent of tearing away mucus;
- the child's voice became coarse and hissing;
- it is difficult for the patient to swallow food and breathe.
After recovery, do not immediately send the baby to a kindergarten or school, since catarrhal angina in children, whose treatment is not very fast, significantly impairs immunity. The weakened organism can again pick up this disease. It should be during the recovery period to pay great attention to sleep and outdoor exercise, as well as nutrition, saturated with useful and easy dietary products.
Whether it is necessary to accept antibiotics at the given disease
If a child has catarrhal angina, treatment (antibiotics) should be prescribed by a doctor. But for children of small and preschool age antibiotics are undesirable. The decision on their appointment is made by the doctor after carrying out of the test for definition of the causative agent of inflammatory processes in the larynx.
Catarrhal angina in children is often accompanied by painful sensations, which can help remove the sprays "Hexoral", "Faringo Spray", "Oracept."
From inflammation will help get rid of and rinsing broths cooked on the basis of oak bark, chamomile and sage. The process of treatment of tonsils with a solution of iodinol can alleviate the patient's condition.
With the development of angina, children should not be given hot food and drink, but also warming compresses to the throat, which will only cause blood flow and increase inflammation, causing a complication of the disease.
Excellent helpers in the treatment of catarrhal tonsillitis are raspberry jam and lime homemade tea with honey in small proportions.
Rinse with angina, and what solutions can be prepared
The following solutions are shown:
- manganese - a glass of slightly pink water;
- alkaline-salt - in 250 ml of water, a teaspoon of soda and a teaspoon of salt dissolve;
- sea - one teaspoon of water dissolves a teaspoon of sea salt;
- hydrogen - one tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide dissolves in one glass of water;
- herbal - tincture of mint, chamomile, sage, thyme and linden.
An indispensable tool in the treatment of angina is a radish, infused with honey, and propolis.
In conclusion - about possible complications
Catarrhal angina in children is an insidious disease that can lead to severe consequences if the treatment was not scheduled on time. These can be frequent repeated outbreaks of inflammatory processes of the larynx at the slightest supercooling, chronic tonsillitis, rheumatism, disturbances in the work of the cardiovascular system.
If something similar happens with the body of a child after a previous illness, you should immediately go to the clinic for the purpose of taking tests and ECG, and in no case should you get vaccinations and Mantoux, laid down according to the adopted schedule of vaccinations for children.