Card file of finger games for young children: tasks, goals, testimonials
Well, who does not remember the funny rhyme from childhood "We wrote, we wrote ..."? " It is in this verse that the short essence and purpose of finger games is displayed. After all, everyone knows that the best development for a child is through entertainment. Children's finger games are not only a joy and pleasant sensations for the baby, but also useful knowledge, skills. With these simple exercises you can help the child in the awareness of the surrounding world and stimulate the development of motor skills.
And, of course, these games are an invaluable time spent with your crumb, which no one will ever return back if it is missed.
Goals and tasks
Finger games for children is a way of practicing with a child, through which parents help their children form speech skills, adjust their psycho-emotional state. And in the end, it's an opportunity to have fun and fun together.
The purpose of finger games depends on the age of the child - with a one-year-old baby, you can do some very basic and simple movements, but with older children, a certain message is already invested in such activities.
Varieties of finger games
For example, you can consider several options for classes with the child, depending on his age and development. Naturally, at each stage of growing up, the child needs completely different both for the purposes and the results of the game. Just a little more requires physical contact, massage, stroking, and older children should independently show their skills, skills, talk and speak. Therefore, different games are suitable for different children.
- Games in the younger group.
- Games in the middle group.
- Games in the preparatory group.
Your attention is offered a kind of card file of finger games, where you can find exercises for any age. This will help parents to attract the little pranksters.
Games for children in a year
At this age it is difficult to expect any special conscious actions from the child, therefore all finger games for children who are about a year old are not overloaded with complexity. Basically, this is the simplest rhyme development. "Soroka-Beloboka" - this fairy tale, probably everyone knows. Well, which of us did not play in the hands? There is an absolutely amazing game "Bunnies":
One, two, three, four, five - the hare went out for a walk,
Five, four, three, two, once - in the house hid again.
In this case, all words are accompanied by appropriate movements for flexing-extension of the fingers. Of course, at this age of great importance still have tactile sensations and massage, rather than the meaning of the words said. But in any case, it is necessary to pronounce the words and the text very clearly, clearly, and the movements should be made in sync with the words - otherwise the child may just get confused. Finger games in the year are not intricate and simple enough.
So you can play "Fingers-mushrooms". Alternately taking each finger, gently rocking and pressing to the palm, you need to tell "This finger went into the woods. This finger found the fungus. This finger cleans the fungus. This finger fried the fungus. And this finger ate it - that's why it got fat. "
Card file of finger games in the younger group
Depending on the age, children attending pre-school establishments are happy to do exercises with fingers, gymnastics and even tell tales. Finger games in the kindergarten already have a certain complexity. It all depends on the purpose of the lesson - some develop speech, some work with coordination of movements, and some just teach - everything around the child.
For example, a simple game "Pussycat". It starts with the hands being put on the table with the elbows (the hands are squeezed together), and during this rhyme we shake our hands and bang our fingers against each other in accordance with the words:
Our kitty has a dozen kittens,
And the kittens are sitting together in pairs:
Two thick, two strong, two long, two lazy,
Two lovely and most beloved.
Or there is still a good and very useful game "Yablochko" for the development of motor skills:
The apple is rolling on the garden (the hand is tightly clenched into a fist and the brush is spinning)
And bullshit - fell into the water! (the hand falls down forcefully).
Card file of finger games in the middle group
At this age, the games are moving to a completely different level. Card file of finger games in the middle group contains quite complex exercises. Here you can already connect the child's imagination and tell more complex tales, including working with fingers and hands. For example, the fairy tale "Footballer". In it, in the form of warm-up, there is a story about a meeting of two teams - bunnies and hedgehogs (right and left). Players and the captain (thumb) alternately warm up and say hello - all at a fairly slow pace with a few repetitions.
Just with the kids you can perform the simplest games:
- "Steamer" (palms together, thumbs - steamer pipe, which smokes and floats).
- "Flashlights" (palms are opened upwards - flashlights are burning, fingers in a cam - lanterns are extinguished).
These exercises can be accompanied by ridiculous verses and verdicts.
You can also play longer games - such as, for example, "Komariki":
Dariks, dariki - flying mosquitoes.
They knit, curled, pestered, curled - and they bit into the spout.
I grabbed my hair, hugged my ear, grabbed my hands ...
We were bitten quite by us!
Let's drive the mosquitoes - kysh, kysh!
So you can study all parts of the body and have a lot of fun with the kids.
Card file finger games in the preparatory group should contain a lot more workload - because children are learning and preparing for school. This can include games with fingers helping children learn the alphabet - each letter is voiced by rhymes, which, in turn, are played with fingers.
Also the most useful lesson will be the study of English verses, combined with the movements of the pens:
One little, two little, three little my fingers.
Four little, five little, six little my fingers.
Seven little, eight little, nine little my fingers.
Ten little fingers - friends on my hand.
This is the simplest ochalochka, which will help the children learn to count fingers and learn some English words.
In addition, it is possible to do the simplest physical exercises aimed at the development of motor skills. "Funny little men" are performed by two children who stand opposite each other.
Funny little people jumped at the river (the little men ran along the "paths" - the little hands of the kids)
Ran-galloped ("run" on the shoulders, neck),
The sun was called (stroking the cheeks).
Climbed onto the bridge (a bridge is made from the hands),
Nails were hammered (tapping with fists).
And fell into the river (hands waggling) - where are the little men? (fingers hide under the mouse).
Of course, the most important exercise will be mandatory gymnastics for the hands, helping to relax the little fingers after working with pencils and pens. These same training tools can easily be used during such a charge.
Card file finger games in the preparatory group contains a wider range of exercises - because children grow, they need much more interesting and cognitive activities.
A few ideas for finger fairy tales
For older children, you can easily organize real finger ideas, during which children will show all their artistry and character. To make it more interesting, you can invite the children to make finger puppets with their own hands from improvised materials. Papers, glue, funny faces, pasted on strips of paper - the simplest finger-making theater. Or can you tie up real dolls that are put on your fingers - what does not work for little craftsmen? Well, those who like to work hard can always be offered from plasticine to make wonderful finger puppets that will entertain the whole group for a long time. So you can make simple toys - a cow, a bear, a frog, mumps - and already with them to come up with all kinds of interesting stories.
If you do not know what you can beat, refer to folk tales. "Kolobok", "Masha and the Bear", "Bremen Musicians", "Teremok" - to play and tell these tales with the children will be very exciting.
But you can do without dolls - so it will even be more interesting, and little fingers will have more work. For example, with fingers you can tell the favorite children's fairy tale - "Repka". It is the fingers and hands denoting all the characters (grandfather with a beard, a grandmother with a handkerchief, a granddaughter with a bow, fingers and a beetle with a cat, and a mouse). And then the fairy tale is told by the hands - how grandfather sipped the turnip, how he digs up the garden - well, further in the text.
The importance of games with children
The usefulness of finger games can be justified in just a few points, which, however, are of enormous importance in the life of a little man:
- Warm up, physical exercises.
- Expand the horizon, develop speech and thinking.
- Improving the performance of such an important site, as the cortex of the brain.
- Development of various mental processes and the removal of a dangerous symptom of anxiety.
In any case, do not worry if the child does not immediately learn and will be able to repeat the tasks that you offer him. After all, those things that seem simple and uncomplicated to an adult, will be insanely hard for a little man. Have patience, regular classes - and the result will not be long in coming.
It will be very useful for every parent to have his card file of finger games that will help in the development of his little prankster, and also bring unforgettable sensations from communicating with the child. Appreciate the time spent together - after all, it's really so small - the children grow terribly fast.