The calendar method as a way of planning pregnancy
The most important for any parent is the health of his child. It's no secret that more than half of the newborns in our country have some kind of disease. Diseases are formed during intrauterine development for various reasons. Most often, a child is born to a patient with complications during a mother's pregnancy. Complications arise not only for physiological reasons, but also when a woman before a pregnancy takes various medications, including contraceptives.
With gynecological polyclinics, family counseling has been established, within which a family planning program is being carried out. It is designed to help give birth to a healthy generation of children, helps future parents make an informed choice, prepare for the conception and birth of a child.
This program uses various ways to control pregnancy. One of the safest is the calendar method. It excludes the effect on the woman's body of medicinal preparations. Therefore, in case of error and unexpected pregnancy, it does not harm the future child.
The calendar method determines the time interval during which the probability of pregnancy is maximal. For his calculations, it is necessary to record the beginning of the menstrual cycle throughout the year. The first day is the day of the appearance of bloody discharge. The long duration of observations is due to the fact that women's menstrual cycle is affected not only by its physiological characteristics, but also by its psychological state, climatic changes, and physical stress.
From the whole series of observations, the longest and shortest periods are chosen. A short cycle determines the first day of the period when pregnancy is most likely. Of the number of days, eighteen are deducted. For example, a short cycle lasts 27 days, then 27-18 = 9. The ninth day of the cycle is the 1 day of the period when it is possible to conceive a child.
Using a long cycle, the calendar method determines the last day of the period when pregnancy is most likely to occur. Of the number of days in the cycle, eleven are subtracted. For example, the longest period lasts 33 days, then 33-11 = 22. On the twenty-second day of the cycle, the period ends when it is possible to conceive a child.
The calendar method is based on calculating the period of ovulation. From the examples given, it can be seen that a woman can ovulate between the 9th and 22nd day of the menstrual cycle. In addition, this period can be determined by the pains in the lower abdomen, increased sexual desire or undergo a special test. But this method does not guarantee that pregnancy will not occur on other days.
For greater confidence in determining the period of ovulation, the calendar method and observations are supported by monitoring changes in basal temperature. It is measured in the morning, as soon as a woman wakes up, rectally. The results are tabulated or plotted. During the ovulation period, the temperature rises sharply. It can reach values of 37.2 ° C - 37.4 ° C. The period of possible conception of a child comes 4 days before the temperature rises and ends 4 days later.
Methods of ovulation are based on the collection of statistical data. They are absolutely harmless ways of contraception or planning a desired pregnancy.