Time flew by unnoticed, and it's time for the young mother to go on maternity leave. Her interesting position is obvious to others. The belly is already visible to the naked eye and under any clothing. How many months is it? 31-32 weeks of pregnancy? Based on obstetric calculations, this is seven and a half months of pregnancy. The normal resolution of pregnancy occurs on the 38-42 week, that is, you have a maximum of 10 weeks. Have time to enjoy this state, because the little legs that are actively kicking you today will very soon start running on their own, and Mom will have nostalgia for these exciting but such wonderful moments.
Estimated date of birth
Since there is already 31-32 weeks of pregnancy, every woman is interested in waiting for the appearance of her crumbs to light. The baby has already become quite heavy and every mother wants to get rid of the burden as soon as possible. But do not hurry, your child is already a completely formed organism, however, it is still very useful for him to stay in his mother's womb, to increase subcutaneous fat and how to get stronger. Although if the pregnancy was taking place with the threat of miscarriage, now you can breathe a sigh of relief. A child born on any subsequent day will be completely viable. However, 31-32 weeks of pregnancy is only the beginning of the third trimester. To calculate the day of delivery obstetricians use special tables, and, of course, take into account the day of the last menstruation. Thus it is necessary to make a discount for the duration of the cycle, which is individual. If you have it up to 30 days, then most likely, the child will be born on time or a little earlier. If the cycle is more than 30 days, then it is likely that the child will appear a little later.
Physical development of your baby
Today, it is actively growing and gaining weight, the accumulation of subcutaneous fat - this is the main task that faces the child, when there is a 31-32 week of pregnancy. Now his weight is still not very large, about 1.4 - 1.6 kg. His height reaches 30-45 cm, that is, the crumb is already large enough for your abdomen and every movement is very noticeable. Now, before the onset of childbirth, he needs to grow about 5-15 cm more and gain one and a half kilos of weight, all in less than two months. At this time, the doctor, who leads the pregnancy, will necessarily send you to an ultrasound to determine whether or not there is a 31-32 week of pregnancy. Fetal weight is also determined by the results of this survey. Too small, as well as too large a figure is an alarming symptom, which should be analyzed by doctors. The causes may be poor blood supply to the placenta or a violation of the diet by the mother, as well as various pathologies of intrauterine development.
Today, no one is surprised by the fact that the baby in the womb begins to explore the world. This is true, especially in the third trimester, when all the senses are fully formed. The end of their formation is just 31-32 weeks of pregnancy. The weight of the fetus is now increasing with each passing day, the brain develops in proportion to it. With an amazing speed, the connections between nerve cells are formed, while the brain is already able to analyze incoming information, although it is not so much in the child's vital space. However, the crumb from his shelter watches everything that happens in the outside world. He successfully processes information signals from all five senses.
Development of sensory channels
Let's look a little deeper into the world of the baby to understand what is significant 31-32 weeks of pregnancy, what is happening at this time. So, the child is rapidly developing all the senses. This is due to the survival instinct. He reacts especially strongly to light. If the light source is directed to the stomach, the baby will blink and turn away. The second source of information is sounds. He is already good at distinguishing voices, he is able to distinguish the mother's voice, calms down with the sounds of classical music and, conversely, gets excited when he hears a cheerful, rhythmic melody. When there is a 31-32 week of pregnancy, the perturbations become very noticeable, but do not cause Mom much discomfort, so this is the most favorable period for playing with your unborn baby.
Games for mother and child, and even better, if you connect your father and older children - this is a great way to rally the family and let the kid know that they love and expect it. The simplest games are stroking and tapping on the belly, in response to which the crumb also starts to poke from the inside. Some moms try these times to measure the bootie on the leg, which protrudes from the stomach. You can go even further and play soldiers who will march on your stomach. And a beautiful drawing will be a drawing of the future baby on the belly of the mother, made with the fingers and colors of the rest of the family. Such games guarantee a lot of new impressions for the future baby and a wonderful mood for everyone else, which is of no small importance.
What your child is currently engaged in
What do you think, how does he spend his leisure hours? Now it's big enough, it can stay awake long enough. This is well noted by all women who have 31-32 weeks of pregnancy. Stirring often, long, which is the norm. But if the crumbs subsides for more than 3 hours, it's worth thinking about. Try to call him on the game, gently tapping his stomach. If you feel the jolts - it's OK, he just slept. However, if the lull continues, consult a doctor, this may be a sign of oxygen starvation.
If the child is overly active, pushes for hours on end, does not calm down to the sound of music or even on a walk (during a mother's walk all the children usually sleep), then this is cause for serious concern. Immediately to the doctor for directions to the examination.
During periods of wakefulness, the baby usually makes faces and pushes, hiccups and swallows the water, breathes and pushes the pens and legs of the uterine wall. The favorite thing is to suck your fist or thumb and chatter with your feet. These skills are honed during the 31-32 weeks of pregnancy. Photo 3D will allow you to see your future child in one of the interesting poses, to leave a memory for the family album.
Development of internal organs
Despite the fact that the foundations of all organs are already formed, the future baby continues to grow actively. This is understandable, in fact there is only 31-32 weeks of pregnancy, the development of the fetus continues at full speed, as for a short month and a half he needs to prepare for an independent life. Now all the organs and systems are fully functioning. The baby's head becomes proportional to the body. Now it is 60% of the size of the adult's head. Gradually smoothed wrinkles on his skin. This is due to the accumulation of subcutaneous fat. Hair grows on the head. Every day the nervous system is improving more and more, now the pupils can narrow, the baby is no longer afraid of bright light. The fetus trains the lungs at 31-32 weeks of pregnancy and tries to breathe. At the same time, he gets a little amniotic fluid inside. So the lungs prepare for their first breath after childbirth.
Growing by leaps and bounds
The child at the 31-32 week of pregnancy is changing just before our eyes. Every week it adds about 200-300 grams. That is, by the end of 32 weeks, it is most likely to reach the weight of 1700 - 1900. Such significant weight gains can not be missed by the mother. She is getting heavier. It is this period that is transitional, a little time will pass and the stomach will sink, which means it will become a bit easier. In the meantime, the large uterus presses against the diaphragm, preventing breathing. The uterus is now 10 cm above the navel, which means that all organs are displaced in order to give the child more space for development. This affects everyone. Pressure on the stomach leads to severe heartburn, problems with digestion and constipation. The bladder, also experiencing a certain pressure, requires frequent emptying. However, if it calms you down, then all these moments are temporary, they can be compensated by longer walks in the fresh air and rational nutrition.
What changes does pregnancy give us 31-32 weeks? The weight of the child is increasing, changes are waiting for you in the near future. As we have already said, the child has all the organs formed completely. Now one of its main tasks is to turn over and take a position upside down, which will ensure normal delivery. In this situation, he will have to remain until birth. Now the child has an immune system. Mom during this period is strongly concerned about heartburn and shortness of breath, constipation. In case of toxicosis, nausea and increased pressure, sometimes swelling, or even a protein in the urine. If all these signs are collected, then the mother can be hospitalized, since such complication as gestosis is possible.
This is a method of diagnosis, which allows the doctor to assess the condition of the child, and my mother for the first time see her crumbs. Recently, technology has made a huge leap, now a trip to ultrasound recalls a visit to the auditorium. Usually the future mother comes with her father, and sometimes the grandmother of the child, and everyone can watch the movements of the crumbs in the stomach.
We would like to consider in more detail what is the procedure of ultrasound 31-32 weeks of pregnancy. Ultrasound at this time is designed to determine whether the fetal size is appropriate development. The second point is to find out if the child has rolled over with the head down. Usually he will not be able to roll over again, as he continues to gain weight. In parallel, the doctor will estimate the index of the amniotic fluid. It should be around 80-250 mm. If less, then they diagnose a lack of water, and if more, then polyhydramnios.
Sometimes a doctor who carries out the procedure of ultrasound may note signs of inflammation of the placenta. It can cause fungi or viruses, as well as pathogens. In this case, the specialist transfers information to the attending physician, and he, in turn, makes a decision on how to treat this pathology. But the cord injury with the umbilical cord, than sometimes doctors scare moms, at this stage does not represent anything terrible. In the next few hours the baby can get rid of the accusation, and in childbirth it will not be found. Maybe on the contrary, there was no accusation on the ultrasound, but in childbirth it was.
Sensations of the future mother
Every day she gets more and more worries. How will the birth take place, will the baby sleep peacefully, is everything in order with his health. These and other issues sometimes give the woman a lot of excitement. But now the main thing is to calm down. Listen to pleasant music, go for a walk, sleep. Now it is extremely important to gain strength, soon they will be needed.
Now the kid turns with its legs upwards and all his motor activity falls on the chest area of the mother. This causes painful sensations. Therefore, doctors recommend future mothers to follow their posture and keep their backs straight, so you can reduce the discomfort a little.
Very soon you may encounter such a problem as the delay of excess water in the body. When pregnancy is almost inevitable, leads to swelling of the extremities and swelling of the veins. The best prevention will be getting rid of tight clothes and ornaments, normal motor activity and water-salt diet. First of all, you need to minimize salt intake, and if this does not help, the doctor will determine the maximum dosage of the liquid (including soups) per day.
For the first time they can appear during 31-32 weeks of pregnancy. This is how many months, you already know. If we start from the usual calculations, then seven and a half, and according to obstetric standards is slightly less. Be that as it may, this week there are frequent uterine contractions, which are training and do not carry a threat to the life of the child. The pressure of the uterus on the bladder can provoke uncontrolled urination. From this, there may be minor pain, which is stopped with the help of valerian and other sedatives.
What you need to pay special attention to
Training cuts in the uterus will become stronger as the day of childbirth approaches. This is normal, however, you need to know how to distinguish them from real bouts. Precursors are usually not intense and pass if you move a little. Real contractions from physical activity will only intensify.
The greatest danger for the mother at this time are various diseases. One of the most dangerous is late gestosis, placental insufficiency or detachment of the placenta. A large load can cause back pain, for correction of which doctors can recommend wearing a special corset and doing a set of exercises. It's time to register for a gymnastics for pregnant women, where under the guidance of a coach you will not only make useful stretching and breathing exercises, but also share experiences, as well as gain new knowledge.
Especially now one should be afraid of diseases of a cold and infectious nature. The course of the disease, as well as the medicines used to treat it, will affect the health of the baby one way or another. Therefore, even with the most insignificant disease, for example, the common cold, you should consult your doctor so that he will examine you and prescribe an adequate treatment. More often to future mums appoint phytopreparations or a homeopathic treatment. Such medicines are more sparing and do no harm, but they give good effect. In addition, doctors recommend a variety of herbal preparations. But, of course, prevention is the main task of every future mother. Rational nutrition and optimal physical activity, avoidance of crowded places, airing and wet cleaning of the premises are simple actions that help to avoid unpleasant consequences and live without diseases until the very birth.