How to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium
Many aquarists face such a problem as the "black beard" in the aquarium. An ugly black raid, bunches of fine hairs cover everything: plants, soil, ornaments, driftwood, glass. Why does the aquarium "black beard" hit? How to get rid of this scourge?
What is a "black beard"
What is a "black beard"? Compsopogon coeruleus is a multicellular algae in the form of black and brown subtle threads, which can reach a length of 5 cm. It usually infects higher plants, but can attach to any surface.
This algae reproduces at high speed, can cover all the plants in the aquarium. From it is very difficult to clean snags and jewelry. Methods to combat the "black beard" in the aquarium may be different, but getting rid of it completely can be quite difficult.
Why aquariums appear in the aquarium
The "black beard" in an aquarium usually appears after the purchase of new plants or ornaments. Therefore, prevention of this trouble is very important. Disputes of this algae are not carried through the air.
After buying new plants, they must be kept in quarantine for several days. When there is a black coating on the leaves, you should not use such bushes. Also, new plants can be treated with solutions of chlorine, manganese or hydrogen peroxide. To sustain the plants in a disinfecting solution, it takes only a few minutes (for gentle species it can be shortened), then rinse them in running cool water.
Of great importance is the condition of the aquarium. If the biofiltration is disturbed in the tank, the owners neglect the rules of care, do not change the water, do not siphonate the soil and overfeed the fish, then the risk of the appearance of the "black beard" increases. In an aquarium with an adjusted balance, algae will not multiply and will quickly disappear on their own. But in the problematic "beard" will appear again and again.
Therefore, it is not only how to get rid of the "black beard" in the aquarium, but also how to prevent its reappearance.
How to get rid of the algae "black beard"? The most radical method of dealing with the "black beard" is a complete restart of the aquarium. All fish need to be transplanted into a temporary container of suitable size, to provide them with filtration and aeration. Drain all the water completely, get the ground, plants, equipment and decorations.
The ground should be baked in the oven or boil in boiling water. Decorations and driftwood should be carefully cleaned of black plaque and disinfected with chlorine, manganese, peroxide or boiling water. The same is done with all equipment. Walls and the bottom of the aquarium should be treated with boiling water, since it may be difficult to completely wash the chlorine.
Affected plants should be discarded. If you want to keep them, then cut off all the blackened leaves, treat the bushes with disinfecting solution, rinse well. Place them in a quarantine container and make sure that no new plaque appears.
After all is cleaned and disinfected, you need to make the procedure for starting the aquarium. To speed up the process, you can take water from a healthy aquarium. Restarting the aquarium is a time-consuming and responsible task. Before deciding on this method, it is better to try to get rid of the problem by other methods.
Fish and snails
How in the aquarium to get rid of the "black beard" with the help of fish? There is a version that you can do this if you have fish that feed on this type of algae. This is Siamese algae and anthrus. If you run these fish into an aquarium, they will eat all the growths in a few weeks.
But not everything is so simple. "Blackbeard" is quite tough, and they eat it reluctantly. To fish caught her attention, they can not be fed. It is rather problematic to do this in a general aquarium, if necessary, to feed other inhabitants. In addition, cleaners may prefer other, more tender plants if they are available.
Other types of cleaners for this task are useless, since no one eats a black beard, shrimps and large snails including.
Another method of fighting with the help of animals is to launch a whole handful (about a hundred) of small young snails of ampullaria into the affected aquarium, no larger than a match head. These babies are good at algae. After the "black beard" is finished, the ampullar must be collected for bait and removed from the aquarium until they have started to use useful plants.
The plants will help in our problem. How? To get rid of the "black beard" is possible if you crush the simplest algae with the help of competitors - higher plants. Suitable fast-growing species, such as vallisneria, hygrophila, schisandra, elodea.
For their rapid growth, it is necessary to create suitable conditions. For the violent growth of higher plants, carbon dioxide is necessary. If you do not want to buy a special installation, then you can make it yourself using an ordinary plastic bottle.
Saplings need a lot, they need to fill a large space. You can buy green mass not only in the pet store. At a local forum, you can ask aquarists to share plants after weeding.
As the plants grow, they need to cut and root the cuttings obtained. Young shoots intensively absorb nutrients.
A sign of a close victory over the "black beard" is the acquisition of a white color. Soon after this the alga will die and begin to disappear.
One of the popular methods of combating the "black beard" is chemical. Apply boric or brown acid, antibiotics. But remember that such methods can lead not only to the disappearance of the "black beard", but also to the death of all plants and even fish.
If there are no living plants in the aquarium, then you can try to destroy the "black beard" with the help of "Furacilin". This antiseptic is usually rinsed in the throat with angina. This remedy destroys all algae. The drug is fatal for shrimps, snails and some fish, for example, corridors. You can apply this method if you have a small aquarium without plants, populated with simple fish.
Most fish lovers want to learn how to get rid of the "black beard" in the aquarium as soon as possible. There are special means for algae control - Aljifex, Element CO2, Ferti Carbo, etc. Many people successfully use the disinfector "Saidex".
These drugs remove all kinds of algae, fight the flowering of water. They are safe for plants and fish, but are toxic to snails, shrimps, crabs, etc.
Usually, such drugs should be added for several days, gradually increasing the dosage. "Blackbeard" dies very quickly, the result is noticeable after 3-4 days.
Suggest how to get rid of the "black beard" in an aquarium can be nature itself, because often the appearance of algae in an aquarium indicates a violation of the biological balance.
The aquarium must be clean. Organic compounds must be periodically removed. Weekly it is necessary to produce a siphon of soil, to change 20-30% of water. As part of the fight against algae, water can be changed every day for 10-15%.
You can not overpopulate. Pisces can not be overfed: all food should be eaten within 5 minutes. "Blackbeard" gets food from the water, so reducing the flow will also help in dealing with the problem.
Higher plants should receive enough light and nutrients in the form of fertilizers. Their rapid growth will help to get rid of algae.
So, now you know how to get rid of the "black beard" in the aquarium. It remains to choose the appropriate method for your conditions.