How to know the age of a dog without documents? When the dog becomes older than the owner
Since ancient times dogs have been faithful friends, invariable companions of man. They, like no other, are attached to their masters, understand them with one word and feel any changes in the mood of people. Even a few minutes of communication with a dog give an inexpressible emotion to a person.
Of course, fluffy four-legged pets give their owners a lot of worries. But for loving owners, they are absolutely not a burden. On the contrary, they make you feel necessary and important in the life of a dog.
Thousand and one questions
Even experienced dog breeders with many years of experience regularly have questions related to their pets. And what can we say about the newcomers? In the first months of cohabitation with the dog, they appear several times a day.
Absolutely all owners are concerned about issues related to the maturation and puberty of the pet.
For those who have only bought a puppy, it is important to know how old the dogs grow, when the conscious, adult period in their life comes. Fluffy babies, of course, are nice, but also cares with them to the throat. Just like with young children, I want to quickly slip through the "potter's diaper" period and fully surrender to the joy of communicating with a friend.
Owners of grown dogs are more interested in when puberty occurs, at what time it is best to organize the first mating, and also at what age to sterilize the dog. These are all very important moments that have a decisive influence on the literate planning of the life of the animal and, accordingly, its health.
There are many questions, and the longer the dog and its owner live together, the more they appear. But, perhaps, the most often asked of them is how to know the age of a dog by human standards.
Year after seven
Unfortunately, our beloved animals live much less than us. It was always believed that in order to translate the dog's age into a human, it is necessary to multiply it by 7, that is, one year of the dog's life is equal to seven years of a person's life. However, this is not quite true. A one-year-old can become a parent, and a seven-year-old child can not. Also, the 11-year-old dog is much more active than the 77-year-old man.
Therefore, a new method of calculation was established. Now to the question of how to count the age of the dog, answer like this:
one-year-old dog corresponds to a fifteen-year-old;
in two years the dog corresponds to a 24-year-old man;
after two years each year the dog's life is equal to four human.
Now you can easily calculate how much the pet is older than its owners.
How to know the age of a dog
If the puppy is bought in a nursery or from private breeders, the exact date of its birth is known. It is indicated in the accompanying documents or the previous owner informs her new in the conversation. But it happens that a faithful and kind dog was found on the street, and then the owner simply needs to find out how to know the age of the dog.
It can be determined by the condition of the coat, eyes, or the muscle tone of the animal. But the most accurate method of determining is the state of teeth. In dogs, they change only once in a lifetime, so the degree of their deterioration clearly indicates the number of years the animal lived.
Dogs are born without teeth. On the 20th day of life, the first of them begin to erupt: fangs and hooks. By one and a half month, a puppy should have a full set of milk teeth.
At the age of 3-6 months they gradually change to permanent. The first incisors, then (in 3-5 months) premolars, middle incisors and margins. At the age of six months, the time comes for fangs. This scheme of changing teeth is the best answer to the question of how to know the age of a dog that has a toothache.
A one-year-old dog already has a full set of teeth. They are snow-white, with characteristic tubercles.
The process of change can occur with a slight deviation from the generally accepted schedule, but in general, up to what age the dogs grow, this is how teeth change.
Two years and older
In the future, the age of the animal is determined by the degree of abrasion of the tubercles:
in 2 years the tubercles are erased on hooks on the lower jaw;
at the age of 4, the enamel becomes matte, the hillocks of the upper hooks disappear;
in five-year-old dogs, the enamel turns yellow, the hillocks of all incisors disappear, fangs become dull;
at age 6, incisors acquire a concave shape;
in 8-10 years, the teeth become completely yellow, crowns wear out, and the canines are already short and dull;
after ten years the teeth begin to stagger and fall out.
Why know age
Each owner cares about the health of his pet and its longevity. For this, it is very important to know the age of the dog. This is primarily due to the need for regular vaccination.
Also, the correct age determination will help to sterilize the pet in a timely manner. Veterinarians strongly recommend this procedure for all bitches over seven years old. So you can reduce the risk of age-related tumors. And it does not matter whether the dog gave birth or not.
As for early sterilization, the opinion of doctors about this is very negative. Before five months it is not recommended to spend it.
Dogs are castrated. The age of the event is chosen at the request of the owner. The main thing is that at this moment the dog was absolutely healthy. The best time is the ripening period, after seven years it is undesirable to do it.
The life span of a dog depends on its size and breed. On average, it is 10-12 years. Unbeknownst to their owners, their pets grow older, start to ache and lose their former activity. Therefore, every dog breeder carefully takes care of the health of his pet, strives to prolong the precious years of his life in order to stay together as long as possible.