How a child learns the letters of the alphabet
Each mother eventually thinks about how the child learns the letters and when the right age comes, so that the child can perceive the information well. Teaching your child the first basics of the alphabet is the basis for his further education. It is important not only how the children pronounce letters and sounds, but also how these letters look and where they are in the alphabet.
How to start learning
The most important rule when teaching a little child to the alphabet is that first a sound, and only then a letter. After all, a letter is just an image, a form of sound. That is why children should initially learn the sounds, otherwise all of his learning will be inconclusive and meaningless. And at school it will have to be retrained. Before you show and teach the child letters, explain to him that words are built from the sounds, and also how they are related to each other.
In order to start learning correctly, you need to know how to teach the child letters. If you start the first study of the alphabet without knowing the sounds, the kid will know that "b" is "be," "m" is "me" or "em," but how do you then explain to children how to read the syllable "ma" or "Me"? After all, he can perceive this as "ema" or "eme". That's why you need to deal with children with parents, and not buy a lot of games and programs that teach the first basics of reading.
Showing the child the image of letters in the alphabet, you need to call only the sound, so as not to confuse it. If you show on "m", then you need to say "mmmm".
What experts think
Do not spend a lot of money on teaching your children the alphabet, because every parent knows him from childhood. Mom or Dad are wondering when and how to teach the child letters. At the age of 3, it's still not too late to start classes, just do not force children if they do not want to. And that training was interesting and gave the necessary results, it should be made fun and memorable, and most importantly, it must be done regularly, so that everything is well absorbed.
How to teach correctly
It is always worth remembering that children need to be interested in, so that they themselves are eager to take part. After all, if the lesson is turned into a fun game, the kid will be much easier to remember something and get pleasure from it. If the baby is barely a year old, then you can safely print one vowel letter on A4 sheet. Then attach them in the room at the eye level of your crumbs, but not all at once. Once you notice that the child is looking at the letter, just say it several times. From time to time letters need to be changed. When the vowels are already familiar to the baby, you can begin to study the consonants.
As a child to teach letters, every mother should know. Therefore, when the baby grows a bit, you can buy an alphabet on the magnets and attach several letters to the refrigerator or magnetic board. You can tell poems about each letter, sing songs about it, tell what words begin with it. Classes should not be intrusive, so if the child has switched to something else - do not distract him.
If you see that your baby has learned all the letters perfectly, you can go on to learn syllables. This will be the next step in preparing the child for reading.
Such complex lettersR andL
Usually, if children have speech disorders, they try to fix it in the garden. Speech therapists make gymnastics of the tongue and cheeks with the children, teaching them to correctly formulate during the pronunciation of various sounds. Sometimes parents give homework to do exercises at home.
How to teach a child the letterl. because it is not for everyone to pronounce, so in order to put the soundl. you need to stir his tongue a little, improve the air flow. For this, the "Horse" exercise is suitable, show the child how to correctly clap the tongue. Ask him first to knock very loudly, and then gradually make everything quieter and quieter. "The wind blows" - this exercise will help to properly regulate the air flow. You need to roll a small ball out of paper and ask the child to blow it into the "gate", which can be made from a glass or a small box.
How to teach a child the letterr - it is the most difficult to pronounce. Children swallow it more often or replace it withl. There are also some exercises for proper pronunciation. Invite the child to say words that begin with the letter "p" or it stands in the words of the second. You can also ask the child to pronounce the letter "d" often, with a cotton swab to raise his tongue from below to the palate. This should produce a sound between the "d" and "p". When the baby understands the mechanism of her utterance, he will quickly learn how to pronounce it.
We fix knowledge
Children learn quickly enough, so it is important that the classes are regular. If parents provide the study material in different forms - it will be interesting and not boring for the child. That the kid does not forget in due course that has studied, with it it is necessary to repeat from time to time the alphabet in the game form.Now that you know how to teach your child letters, you can think through your individual lessons with your baby.