Sinusitis in the child: signs of the disease
Very often, viral and bacterial infections can provoke sinusitis in a child. Signs of the disease are the same as in ARI or ARVI: headache, nasal congestion, fever. Usually, the symptoms of viral and respiratory illnesses last for 6-7 days. If after this time the child continues to be disturbed by the above signs, headaches started and a purulent discharge appeared from the nose, which means that the cold gave complication in the form of sinusitis. A sinusitis at children till one year, and sometimes and till two-three years does not meet, usually they are ill with a rhinitis. This is due to the physiological features of development. The baby still has not developed the maxillary sinuses and there is simply no place for pus.
How to determine sinusitis in a child?
You should pay attention to the following symptoms:
both nasal sinuses are laid down, it is difficult for the child to breathe;
pain in the nose, which provokes a headache;
temperature increase up to 39 ºС;
the child complains of weakness, lethargy, lack of appetite, sleep disturbance;
edema of the eyelids and cheeks.
If you notice a child such signs, then you need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Sinusitis in the child: signs of an acute form of the disease
Usually, an acute sinusitis appears after an infectious disease, it can be an acute rhinitis or adenoiditis.
Symptoms of acute sinusitis:
a protracted runny nose, in which the discharge from the nose acquires a yellow-green color and becomes a thick consistency;
the child has a severe headache, which is located in the nose bridge (towards evening, usually, pain intensifies, painkillers do not help);
nasal congestion, which does not help vasoconstrictor drugs;
hearing impairment and sharp pains in the ears, which do not release after warming compresses;
toothache in the absence of any problems with the teeth;
increase in temperature, especially towards evening;
moods, bad mood, lack of appetite, decreased activity in the child;
photophobia and tearfulness;
decreased taste sensations;
swelling in the nose, cheeks and eyes.
Sinusitis in the child: signs of chronic disease
If you do not cure acute sinusitis, then chronic sinusitis can develop in a child. The symptoms in this case are the same as in the acute form, but may be less pronounced.
In young children, the general symptoms are more pronounced than the local ones. For a long time, the body temperature is high. At the child the weight of a body is lost, he badly sleeps and without appetite eats, there is a cough, cervical lymphonoduses increase. Chronic sinusogenic intoxication develops.
In older children, signs of maxillary sinusitis are less pronounced, but they persist for a longer time. The child suffers from a prolonged nasal congestion, headaches, decreased sense of smell. With a purulent form of sinusitis, an unpleasant odor from the mouth and nose can occur.
Swelling of the brain, meningitis in a purulent form and other dangerous complications can provoke sinusitis in a child. The signs of the disease must be found on time and appropriate treatment started. Sinusitis is a rather dangerous and unpredictable disease. To avoid it, you must regularly harden and strengthen the child's body.
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