Physical education of children of preschool age, its components
Preschool age of a child is characterized by rapid development of his body. At this time there is an active formation of the nervous, bone, muscle systems, perfection of the respiratory apparatus. Therefore, this period is very important for the physical development of the child and his health. Physical education of children has a huge impact on their mental development, on the formation of many positive traits: initiative, activity, endurance, etc.
Physical education of preschool children includes: physical development, protection and promotion of health, hardening, formation and improvement of motor skills and habits of hygiene.
In infancy, a child's life is completely dependent on his parents. Therefore, they are obliged to provide him with a full physical development, create all the conditions necessary for this. Their task: to organize the proper nutrition of the child and create comfortable conditions for his stay. To do this, you must adhere to the rules of hygiene and regimen, apply elements of hardening, do with the child feasible gymnastics. The infant needs to be fed and fed on time, bathed and washed, regularly walking with him in the fresh air. He is extremely needed and light body massage by stroking, and air baths, and gymnastics for pens and legs. All this will contribute to the fact that the child will have a sound sleep and a good appetite, and this will provide him with a joyful mood for the whole day and will help to develop properly physically.
When the baby grows up, learn to walk, talk and understand human speech, it should be taught the ability to independently care for your body and maintain your health. The child should know why you need to use soap, and be able to do it. He should be able to properly brush his teeth (up and down) and know why; to cut nails and hair; use a comb and a handkerchief; rinse your mouth after eating; tie shoelaces; do not drink raw water, etc. The child should get into the habit of wiping his shoes at the entrance to the house or apartment, monitor the cleanliness of his clothes and shoes, protect toys and surrounding objects, always be careful and thrifty.
A huge role in this matter can be played by a personal example of parents. If the child sees that the parents regularly wash their teeth, brush their teeth in the mornings, walk in clean and neat clothes, wash their hands before meals, spend a long time in the open air, play sports, take care of nature - the child will inevitably adhere to these rules and do everything as adults do.
Physical education of children of preschool age provides for the continuous formation and improvement of motor skills and skills.
Active movements have a beneficial effect both on the development of the muscles and bone system of the child, and on the improvement of the functions of all its organs.
A huge role in this belongs to morning gymnastics, mobile games (tennis, small towns), the implementation of individual elements of sports games, such as hockey, football, basketball. The formation of motor skills is facilitated by: cycling, skating or roller skating, skiing, swimming, practicing on the Swedish wall, etc.
It is very important to select the physical loads for preschool children correctly, so that they are feasible, but not too easy.
Physical education classes for children in kindergartens contribute to the development of specific pre-school muscles, the formation of proper bending of the spine, strengthening of ligaments and joints, positively influence the activity of the cardiovascular system, form the arch of the foot, and also favorably affect the overall physical development.
Physical education of children of preschool age provides for regular hardening of the child's organism, which will help the child to adapt faster to changes in weather and other conditions of life.
Perhaps the simplest and most effective way to do this is by taking long walks and practicing outdoor games, as well as swimming in open water (in summer) or in the pool. For infants, you can apply an ordinary home bathroom, bathing them in water at a temperature of + 36-37 degrees. Such procedures are pleasant to children and help to significantly strengthen immunity.
They will help to develop immunity and wet wipes of the handles and legs of children with a towel soaked in cool water. Such procedures it is desirable to do to kids as often as possible, and each finger should be wiped separately, combining water procedures with body massage.
Invaluable help in tempering the child will be walking barefoot on the ground, grass or the "path of health", but in any case not on the asphalt. The child should sleep lightly dressed, in a well-ventilated room.
Methodically organized physical education of children of preschool age, including systematic strengthening and health protection, development of skills and movement, hygiene, and the use of elements of hardening will provide invaluable assistance to the child in his full physical development.