Paracetamol Dosage for Children
High fever, headache and muscle pain in a child are often signs of an acute respiratory illness. In such cases, parents try to give him antipyretic and analgesic as soon as possible. And today we will only talk about the child drug Paracetamol.
What is the temperature?
It should be understood that the temperature is a protective function of the body. During penetration into the human body of a foreign pathogenic organism, a protein called interferon begins to be produced. It is he who launches a complex defense mechanism, accompanied by an increase in temperature. That is, the higher it is, the more intensely the organism struggles with infection.
But the rise in temperature above 38.5 ° C (while in infants - 38 ° C) causes severe dehydration, a violation of blood microcirculation and leads to disruption of the functions of many internal organs. In this case, doctors recommend using the drug "Paracetamol" (for children the dosage will be considered a little lower).
Mom's to note
If the body becomes hot and the cheeks pink when the child's temperature rises, this means that the processes of heat generation and heat transfer are in a balanced state. In this case, the use of antipyretic drugs can give a positive result and alleviate the condition.
If the fever chills the baby when the temperature rises, the skin becomes pale, and the hands and feet are very cold - antipyretic preparations are not suitable, as a result of the violation of the mechanism of heat regulation there is a spasm of blood vessels, which poses a serious threat to life. In this case, it is urgent to call an ambulance and hospitalize the child.
Selection of antipyretic is a purely individual process, so here it is possible to talk about the method of trial and error. In the majority of cases, the drug Paracetamol, for children, whose price is quite affordable for a family with any income, perfectly copes with the task. Its convenience also lies in the variety of forms of output. The manufacturer offers candles, syrup and tablets. Dosage of Paracetamol to children in this case is prescribed according to age.
Paracetamol for children
This, according to medics, is the safest drug for a fragile baby organism. You can buy funds, where the active substance is presented in its pure form. These are candles "Cefekon", syrups "Panadol", "Efferalgan". There are drugs where paracetamol "works in pairs" with caffeine, phenylephrine, chlorphenamine and vitamin C.
Indications for use
Antipyretic, analgesic and weak anti-inflammatory effect - these are the properties that the preparation "Paracetamol" possesses. The use of children is not limited to churning up the temperature. The medicine can be used in the following cases:
- with headache, muscle and dental pain;
- for relief of colds, SARS and influenza;
- with burns and soft tissue injuries;
- to eliminate the pain syndrome during menstruation in girls.
If the drug "Paracetamol" does not reduce the temperature, then, most likely, it does not fit the child. In this case, you should try drugs based on another active ingredient. Contraindications for admission are also:
- hypersensitivity to paracetamol;
- age up to three months;
- violations of the liver and kidneys;
- congenital hyperbilirubinemia.
Paracetamol for children: dosage
Paracetamol preparations can be given to children no more than four times a day at intervals of six hours. For a single dose, the dose should not exceed ten milligrams of active substance per kilogram of the child's total weight. Detailed instructions are always attached to the medicine. To syrups and suspensions there are measuring spoons or cups, so the dosage of Paracetamol to children never causes problems.
The effect of the drug begins to appear after 30 minutes after taking. At this time, you need to closely monitor the condition of the baby. When symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, convulsions, suffocation, pallor or loss of consciousness occur, you should immediately call a doctor. Such conditions may indicate an overdose or the development of a severe allergic reaction.
Use an "adult" tablet analogue to lower the temperature in children, because in this case it is very difficult to calculate the acceptable dose.
And one more nuance that parents often overlook. Always keep children's medications separately from medications for adults. In cases where the child's temperature rises sharply, it is very easy in a state of panic to mix up the funds.
The product is a sweet suspension, which all children drink with pleasure. Syrup "Paracetamol", the instruction to which contains all the necessary information, do not need to be diluted with liquid, as it is ready for use. The drug has a very mild effect and is recommended for use even in infants.
Syrup "Paracetamol", the instruction confirms this, is produced in bottles of dark glass in volume 100 and 50 ml (the cost is from 60 rubles and above - depending on the manufacturer, volume and region).
In addition, the preparation is provided with a measuring spoon or a glass. Dosage of Paracetamol to children is selected according to the age of the small patient:
- the dose of the drug for children up to six months is prescribed only by the attending physician after examination and deciding on the expediency of this action;
- from half a year to a year the dose makes 2,5-5 ml of a syrup;
- 1-3 years - 5-7,5 ml of syrup;
- 3-6 years - 7.5-10 ml of syrup;
- 6-12 years - 10-15 ml of syrup.
Between the reception of the drug should take at least four hours to avoid the appearance of undesirable consequences of an overdose.
Rectal suppositories (candles) are the most convenient form of medication for babies at the age of one month. They can be used at night if the child's temperature rises sharply in a dream. In addition, the active substance, getting into the rectum, begins to be absorbed into the blood immediately and to act quickly.
You can use rectal suppositories every 4-6 hours, attentively observing the state of the child.
Getting a child to swallow a whole pill is quite difficult. But some babies are calm about taking this form of medicine and swallow them without difficulty. Therefore, in the absence of another format of this antipyretic, you can use pills.
The use of "Paracetamol" tablets for children is allowed after they reach full two years. The dose is 1/2 tablet (100 mg). At 6-12 years old, the child can already be given one tablet (200 mg). After 12 years, the use of two tablets in one session is allowed (this depends on the state of health and body weight of the child).
Tableted drug "Paracetamol" for children (the price in this case is significantly lower than the suspension or candles, and starts at 3 rubles for 10 pieces) is also given at intervals of 4 hours.
With prolonged use of the drug, disorders may occur. From the gastrointestinal tract it is:
In the genitourinary system, it can be a violation of kidney function. Anemia and a sharp decrease in the number of platelets can also occur.
Do not exclude allergic reactions in the form of rashes, redness on the skin, and swelling of the pharynx, which can lead to suffocation. In such cases it is necessary to urgently give the child an antihistamine drug and call a doctor (ambulance).
Before using the product, it is best to consult with the treating pediatrician, and carefully read all the instructions to the drug, which indicates the exact dosage of Paracetamol to children.