Diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester: causes and treatment
Every person encounters diarrhea at least once in a lifetime. The phenomenon is quite unpleasant, but quite amenable to correction. However, everything becomes much more complicated if diarrhea is revealed during pregnancy. This manifests itself in the form of a liquid, watery stool, which can be quite frequent. Often it is accompanied by pain in the abdomen, and sometimes even with fever. Diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester is complicated by the fact that a future mother can not take certain drugs. Especially dangerous is the intake of medicines at an early stage, but by the end of the period it is necessary to coordinate the treatment with an experienced doctor.
The causes of an unpleasant phenomenon
Diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester can be caused by a variety of factors, so to determine what is finally the case, can only the attending physician. According to statistics, diarrhea occurs in every person 2-3 times a year. This may be due to malnutrition or viral infection. And the severity of the course of the disease can also be different. There are acute diarrhea, which is most often the result of the entry into the body of various infections and viruses. The duration of the course is usually several days.
In case of prolonged course, up to several weeks, diarrhea not diagnosed is diagnosed. Finally, if this condition lasts more than a month, then one can assume chronic diarrhea, which is associated with serious diseases.
But this is data that is true for everyone. And diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester is an even more complicated phenomenon, which can have its own reasons.
Features of the digestion of a future mother
To cause diarrhea in this difficult period can even the most insignificant reasons. In the body there are serious changes, and the woman is exposed to environmental influences as never before. All the forces go to the formation and development of the fetus, the immune system is greatly weakened, and digestion reacts sharply to any effects from the external environment.
That is why diarrhea during pregnancy, in the third trimester, can be caused by the most neutral reasons. For example, a normal charge can increase motility and cause a short diarrhea. Food saturated with vitamins and fiber, too, can stimulate the dilution of stool. A reception of synthetic complexes (vitamins and minerals) can cause diarrhea in the last weeks, even if before that you drank them throughout the term.
Hormonal restructuring of the body, which goes on throughout pregnancy, in itself can cause problems in the work of the intestines, which will result in diarrhea or constipation. And in the last weeks, immediately before birth, this is generally a normal phenomenon, which should not frighten you. The body is simply preparing for the forthcoming birth.
For advice to a doctor
Of course, we have listed not all situations when there is diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester. The reasons can be much more serious. Poisoning with any toxins can cause severe diarrhea, and also affect the baby's condition in far from the best way. The second option is the entry into the body of the simplest, namely dysentery amoeba, which without proper correction can cause dehydration. Viral diseases at this stage of bearing a child can also be very dangerous, and therefore, do not waste time on reasoning, just go to the hospital.
Diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester can manifest itself in different ways. However, there are a number of symptoms that should not go unnoticed. Diarrhea is not a disease, but only a signal that signals the development of a particular ailment. When diarrhea occurs, the following symptoms may appear:
- Severe nausea, possibly accompanied by vomiting.
- Increase in overall body temperature.
- Strong gassing.
- Pain and general weakness.
- Chills and headache.
The last two symptoms indicate that the condition can worsen, so, without wasting time, you need to see a doctor. In addition, the alarming symptoms are the appearance of mucus in the stool with blood, high fever and vomiting that accompany diarrhea, as well as a dark, almost black stain of stool.
Depending on a number of factors, diarrhea can last from one to ten days. Of course, one can not expect that everything will pass by itself. Now we will look at what can be dangerous for diarrhea for a future mother.
It is necessary to know
In the early stages of any bacteria, viruses and toxins that penetrate the body, get to the fetus. Therefore, even with a minor disorder, you should immediately contact a specialist and follow all the recommendations that will be prescribed. Diarrhea during this period can block the access of vitamins and nutrients to the fetus, as well as cause severe dehydration. Moreover, with severe diarrhea, the uterus will spontaneously contract, which means that it will lead to fetal development in the early stages or even miscarriage.
What is dangerous for diarrhea in later terms
Of course, at this time the baby already protects the placenta, which means that bacteria and viruses are not so terrible for him. Moreover, at this time already allowed to take certain drugs, which greatly facilitates therapy. By the way, diarrhea at 30 weeks does not always indicate a viral disease. Often it is during this period and manifests late toxicosis. So, you will experience nausea, weakness, and diarrhea is quite possible. But, despite this, everything is not so rosy.
The thirtieth week of pregnancy is a turning point, which means you need to be careful. On the one hand, with natural urges, the uterus begins to contract, and this is fraught with the onset of premature labor. And at this time the baby is still difficult to survive without additional medical help.
There is one more important point about which you can not forget. At 30 weeks, very dangerous is dehydration. It can cause thrombosis, and this is a dangerous complication that can not be easily eliminated without serious medical intervention.
Diarrhea before childbirth
From 35 to 41 weeks inclusive, sudden diarrhea can indicate that labor is beginning. And at 35 weeks it is still undesirable, since the baby can be born too weak. Therefore, during this period you need to carefully monitor your diet and less in public places where you can catch viral diseases.
The body is already tired of pregnancy, and the fetus has become large and strongly presses on the walls of internal organs. Therefore, diarrhea and constipation are not rare visitors. This period is also different in that the baby is very actively gaining fatty tissue, which means that the need for nutrients is high. Diarrhea provokes a rapid cleansing of the intestines, which means that little of the beneficial microelements will be delayed. And the fetus will suffer from a lack of vital substances. The dehydrated body of the mother is greatly weakened, and soon deliveries will take place, in which a lot of effort is required. The danger of thrombosis also persists.
If diarrhea occurs on the 38-40 week and is accompanied by contractions, then, most likely, you need to gather in the hospital. In nature, everything is provided, and the body simply includes self-cleaning mechanisms. Doctors calmly react to such incidents, advising drinking more water. As you can see, completely under different circumstances, diarrhea may begin during pregnancy in the third trimester. The reasons for this may be very different, but the reaction of a woman should always be the same. Lie down, relax and analyze your condition. If in addition to a loose stool you feel other symptoms (dizziness, pain, nausea), then call an ambulance.
What should the future mother do if there was diarrhea during pregnancy, in the third trimester. Treatment begins with a special diet. It is the nutrition correction that can quickly alleviate the condition. On the first day, limit the diet to a thin broth (best of all low-fat beef) and a few crackers. From soft drinks and non-strong tea and fruit drinks with a natural berries (currants or cranberries) are good.
On the second day, if there is no strong nausea, you can gradually introduce into the diet boiled carrots and low-fat beef, light soups with vermicelli and rice. Approximately a week should be observed sparing diet, the basis of which is noodles and rice, bananas and salted biscuits, as well as the listed products.
Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli
In parallel with the diet is very good to introduce into the diet products that help digestion recover. These are natural yoghurts, but not the ones in bright jars that are sold in bulk in stores. It's about living products, the shelf life of which does not exceed several days. This is a natural "Narine", which you can buy ready or cook at home from a special starter. In mild cases, this is enough to quickly recede diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester. Than to treat, only your personal doctor can advise. During pregnancy, no tablet should be taken without prior consultation with a specialist.
First of all, you need to focus on what exactly will not hurt the baby. Therefore, serious antibiotics (the popular "Levomycytin") should be ruled out before appointment by a doctor. If, against the background of a diet and taking a source of bifidobacteria, diarrhea continues during pregnancy in the third trimester, treatment may include the following: Smecta and Enterosgel, activated charcoal. And in order to make up for the supply of liquids and salts, it is very useful to have "Regidron" on hand.
Our grandmothers knew many recipes that can quickly and effectively stop diarrhea during pregnancy in the third trimester. Than to treat diarrhea, we now tell.
- A decoction of oatmeal is very useful. To do this, 50 grams pour two cups of boiling water and let stand for 4 hours. The resulting infusion should be boiled until mucus is formed. Take 2 tablespoons, six times a day.
- Kissel from blueberries and rose hips.
- Thorn tea - if you managed to stock this berries in summer, then you can brew yourself a useful drink. To do this, two teaspoons of chopped berries pour a glass of boiling water and let stand on low heat for 15 minutes. This is a daily dose.
All medicinal medicines can be used by a pregnant woman only after consulting a doctor and taking the basic tests. But the most important thing is you yourself must correctly assess your condition. If diarrhea is not expressed, without pain and temperature, it may be enough to take "Smektu" and sustain a few days sparing diet. But if the condition worsens, and diarrhea does not stop, then call an ambulance.