Wooden tubs: types, sizes, purpose
Kadka, kadushka, kadsa, kadulya - all these names of Cooper ware originated from the ancient Greek word "kado", which means "mug" or "bucket". For the first time such capacities appeared almost immediately, as soon as a person learned to process wood, but despite this, they are successfully used both in urban and rural conditions to this day. About what kind of wooden tubs are and where they are used, let's talk in our article. Here we note all the advantages and disadvantages of Cooper ware.
History of the origin of the wooden tub
Outwardly, the tub is a container made of wooden plates, drawn by hoops. According to the description you might think that this is the most ordinary barrel, but it is not so. Unlike the barrel, the wooden tubs can only be in an upright position.
Since ancient times in Russia such capacities were available in every yard. They collected rainwater, which was then used to irrigate the garden. And in the beginning of the XIX century in Moscow, a special decree was issued, according to which in each yard there should have been 2-3 water tanks in case of fire. Also wooden containers of the established sizes were used for weighing products.
And yet the main purpose of the tub in the old days was to store loose products (grains, flour) and pickling vegetables.
Kinds of tubs and their sizes
There are several types of wooden tubs. Depending on the type of wood from which wooden tubs are made, they distinguish:
Depending on the functional purpose, there are tubs for:
- storage of bulk products;
- pickling vegetables;
- preparation of the dough;
- planting seedlings and houseplants.
Wooden tubs can be manufactured in a variety of sizes. It all depends on the purpose of the container. The sizes of products are very different: from a small flower pot to oak fonts for a 2,000-liters bath. In the household, for example, for pickling vegetables and fruits, tubs of 12, 36, 48 liters are most often used.
Salting tank: how to choose
In a number of Russian villages salting vegetables and fruits is still produced in wooden tubs. Such products, harvested in containers from oak, aspen and other wood, have a specific taste, and usually it is much better than that stored in glass jars. In urban markets, you can often find on sale wooden tubs for pickles. But before you buy yourself this capacity, you should consider the following points:
- For the salting of cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelons and apples, an oak tub is ideal. In it, the products are saturated with spices and acquire an incomparable taste and aroma.
- Delicious cabbage is obtained in an aspen tub. By its qualities, it is not much inferior to oak. The main advantage is that the cabbage remains crispy until spring.
- Do not choose a pine tub for pickling, since such wood is often saturated with resin, which, in turn, can impregnate the products in the tank.
The quality of the tub is checked by pouring water into it. First, the liquid can leak, but soon the tree swells and the leak disappears. Before buying a tub, you should pay attention to the presence of a lid or wooden shield with a handle, with which the container closes during salting.
Wooden tubs for a bath: types, sizes
Bath - this is the place where wooden tubs should be a lot. Capacities are made, as a rule, from oak, as it has, among other things, also healing properties.
- Fonts - containers designed for bathing two or more people and having a volume of approximately 1-2 thousand liters or more. Outside, such tubs are covered with varnish, but inside the tree remains untreated in order to transfer all useful properties to water.
- Wooden tubs in the form of a bucket or tub - are used to store water and steal grass for inhalation.
- A jar is a tub of about 20 liters capacity, intended for soaking a broom. As a rule, it is made from chipped oak, which eliminates the possibility of drying the product.
These are the main types of products required for a bath.
What are the tubs for flowers
Every gardener dreams of turning his garden or balcony into a real work of art, using all possible methods for this. And first of all it is necessary to decide what to grow the plants and how to arrange them on the site.
Recently, the flower vat has become more and more popular, which looks beautiful and is also very convenient. Wooden tubs can be moved from place to place, they easily fit into any interior and are suitable for creating any, even the most complex compositions. Such containers are made of different types of wood, of any shapes and sizes. They can plant even indoor plants that will look great on the windowsill in the apartment.
Why do we need a test kettle?
Wooden tubs are also used for kneading dough. However, not everyone understands why it is necessary to use for this particular wooden utensils and what are its advantages.
The test tube in the house has always been a symbol of prosperity and well-being. She was treated with care and even respect. Even if the tub strongly decayed and did not fit more to knead the dough, it was used to store bread. And put a container with bread in the "holy" corner, under the icons.
Such reverence for the tub was as follows. It is known that for the proofing of the dough, heat is required. But the fact is that wood has long been considered to be the warmest material, and the dough will always be good in it, even if the house is cool. It is enough to knead the dough and put it on a proofing in a tub. And you can not doubt that the bread will turn out especially tasty and fragrant.
To ensure that the tub lasts a long time, it should not be washed with water, it can only be wiped with vegetable oil.
Advantages and disadvantages of wooden tubs
Advantages of wooden tubs include:
- Wood is a natural material that is ideal for storing bulk products and liquids. The water in the oak barrel remains fresh and clean longer than in plastic and metal containers.
- The tub for pickling contributes to the fact that the cabbage lasts longer is crispy and juicy and perfectly preserves all its useful properties.
- The taste of cucumbers, tomatoes, fruits and berries, salted in a tub, is much more interesting than when canned in a glass jar.
The disadvantages of tubs include the following factors:
- The wood has a property to crack over time, so it may be necessary to repair or replace the dishes.
- Not all kinds of tubs are suitable for storing foods and pickling. For example, pine releases resinous substances, which can adversely affect the taste of the prepared dish.