Pressure at the child of 12 years
Arterial pressure is an extremely important factor. This is a litmus test of the state of the heart and blood vessels, evidence of their working capacity, as well as the speed of blood flow. On the one hand, blood pressure is affected by the force with which the heart muscle contracts, on the other - the resistance of the walls of the vessels. For a long and healthy life it is necessary to keep these indicators in the norm. At the same time, when in adulthood people face pathology in this area, few realize that all their problems very often lead from their childhood. What was the pressure of the child 12 years old? Norm for an adult is sometimes determined by the processes experienced in adolescence.
Age factor and blood pressure
Pressure - the indicator is very unstable and highly dependent, including on age. So, for example, after 50 years you can feel quite healthy, having a pressure of 150/90. This increase is considered physiological, it reflects the loss of elasticity of large vessels.
Conversely, the normal pressure of a child of 12 years can be reduced. This is the norm, and it is conditioned by:
- great elasticity of blood vessels;
- their excellent patency;
- widely branched capillary mesh.
However, after a very short period of time, one can observe the so-called "adolescent hypertension", which is also a physiological norm and is explained by the increased work of the heart.
All these changes occur absolutely asymptomatic and are usually seen accidentally during medical scheduled examinations. With the gradual increase in the child's blood pressure normalizes without special treatment. It happens to the age of twenty.
Thus, the pressure in a child of 12 years (its norm) is unstable. Sometimes adolescent abnormalities in blood pressure indicators are a harbinger of future vascular problems in their adult life. That is why volatile pressure in adolescents should be monitored until a certain age, when the diagnosis can be either withdrawn, or confirmed as a pathology.
Decrease in blood pressure at pubertal age
Often adolescents complain of fatigue, sweating in the area of the armpits and palms, a throbbing headache, for example, when getting up from bed in the morning, dizziness. At the same time, the pressure is sometimes 90/50 and even lower, the pulse is rare. These signs can be a signal of a serious disease, but can be normal manifestations of age characteristics.
Is it necessary to lower the pressure of the child 12 years? The norm for this phenomenon is absent, however it happens quite often.
It is dangerous to use an "invigorating" caffeine for children, it is better to get enough sleep, although it is optimal not to self-medicate, but to visit the doctor's office.
To time to establish trouble, it is good to have a tonometer in the house and learn how to measure the pressure correctly. It is better not to use an electric appliance for this - it does not always give the right results.
This is not always associated with the disease. At this age the organism is preparing for hormonal reorganization, in connection with which its sensitivity to everything increases: to the weather, physical overload (even to climb the ladder), emotional factors and other irritants.
Usually in such cases, the upper, systolic pressure rises, and it quickly returns to normal after the cancellation of the provoking cause. In such cases, enough rest, lie down, calm down.
If the pressure of a teenager is 12 years is often violated, in addition, this phenomenon is accompanied by headache, weakness, tinnitus, then an urgent consultation with a narrow specialist is needed. In a number of cases, even at age 12, a diagnosis of "hypertension" can be made.
Such a child is required to observe the regime, exclude stress, exercise, move much, especially in the fresh air, by all means remove excess weight, at the time completely eliminate salt.
How to determine the normal pressure of a child of 12 years
The correct answer is - 120/70. Sometimes the lower figure is 80, which is also considered the norm. In boys, the average is always lower than that of girls, but as this age grows, this difference disappears.
Low blood pressure in adolescence may indicate a weakening of the body, fatigue, lack of sleep. Sometimes it is accompanied by dizziness.
What pressure is considered to be elevated in 12 years? Most often it is expressed in figures of 130/80. The cause can serve as stress, hypodynamia, excess body weight, abuse of salty foods. Sometimes the pressure rises in the pubertal period due to hormonal imbalance.
What should be the pressure of the child 12 years? Its norm is determined by a special formula. To get the upper number, you need to add the age of the child to 80 (90), multiplied by two. The lower digit is 2/3 of the upper value. In our version: 80 (90) + 24 = 104 (114) - the upper number, and 104 (114). 3 = 70 (75) - the lower one.
Non-physiological causes of abnormality
Not always adolescent abnormalities in the figures of AD can be explained physiologically. Sometimes this is a sign of a serious illness. Researches of doctors, conducted during the day, recorded that the pressure in adolescents jumped at least in 30% of all those surveyed. This figure almost corresponds to the standard among adults. It is recommended from time to time for one to two weeks to make regular measurements of pressure on the child, so as not to miss the onset of the disease. Detection of a persistent increase in blood pressure more than 135 units is the reason for contacting the pediatrician. The increased pressure in a teenager of 12 years may indicate kidney disease (eg, narrowing of the renal artery), heart or endocrine disruption. Even primary hypertension should be corrected by a doctor - it does not always "outgrow" itself, it can also go into a chronic disease.
Basic recommendations for parents
First of all, it is necessary:
- to adjust the regime of the child's day, especially the alternation of loads;
- establish a normal sleep (from eight to nine hours);
- allocate time for daily walks for two to three hours;
- ensure regular physical activity without too much stress;
- limit sweet, flour and fat;
- to minimize the consumption of salt.
- daily use of low-fat protein;
- a variety of cereals;
- rich in potassium and magnesium products (beans, cucumbers, currants, apricots, zucchini);
- very useful tea from a dogrose.