What is salt and why is it needed?
For a long time in Russia there is a tradition to meet important guests with bread and salt. This means that these products are the most important for people. Russians always plowed the land and grew bread. And what is salt? Where does it come from and why is it needed?
Salt is a mineral substance that is easily absorbed by the human body. It is necessary for the life of any organism. Its chemical composition is a compound of sodium and chlorine (NaCl). This is a very important substance. It maintains the water-salt balance in the body, regulates acidity in the stomach, affects the work of muscles and the nervous system.
What is the salt, the ancient people knew and appreciated it. She paid in ancient Rome for the slaves, they gave out salaries. In Central Africa, it was treated on a par with gold. The rise in the price of this food product caused riots and revolutions.
In our time, the value of salt has decreased significantly. It can be easily bought at any grocery store. But this does not mean that it should be treated carelessly. Excess salt, as well as a lack, is harmful to the human body. No wonder she was given the name "white death". Excess amount of salt in the body leads to an increase in blood pressure. Increases the load on the kidneys, this causes swelling of the extremities. Slowed down the exchange of potassium and calcium, which affects the reproductive organs. A person should know what salt is in the optimal amount.
The minimum daily amount of NaCl for the body is 2 grams. The maximum value is 6 grams for the northern regions of Russia and 25 grams for the southern regions. When calculating the amount of salt when preparing food, you need to take into account that it is contained in some products. For example, in one liter of milk is 4 grams of NaCl. Especially a lot of salt is used together with fast food. It increases appetite, and it is used by producers and sellers of all kinds of chips, fast food, crackers.
Salt can be used not only as a seasoning for food, but also as a medicinal substance. In combination with water, it removes inflammation, it can be treated for easy poisoning. There are many home recipes. Treatment with salt and water was used by our grandmothers. Here are some recipes of traditional medicine.
- Rinse throat with sore throat. A half teaspoon of table salt or sea salt is dissolved in half a glass of warm water. These compounds rinse the throat in the morning and immediately after eating. It clears the tonsils and vocal cords, relieves inflammation.
- Treatment of a common cold. Half a teaspoon of salt is dissolved in a glass of warm water. Irrigate and wash the nasal cavity at least twice a day.
- A bite of an insect. A teaspoon of salt is mixed with water until the state of porridge. This compound is applied to the bite. Kashitsa prevents the occurrence of inflammation, relieves pain and swelling.
- Treatment with water and salt for easy poisoning. The patient is given a glass of warm salted water to remove poisons and toxins and replenish the level of fluid in the body. To alleviate the symptoms of poisoning in the home medicine cabinet, it is necessary to keep the preparations of saline solutions. These can be funds "Regidron" or "Glukosolan". They are perfectly used for diarrhea and poisoning.
The answer to the question: "What is salt?" - would be incomplete, if you do not mention the types of salt. Many argue that it's better: rock salt or sea salt. Many cooks and doctors prefer the latter variety. It is believed that in sea salt, in addition to sodium chloride, contains almost the entire complex of trace elements. But it is not always the case. In America, for example, sea salt is purified and filtered to a pure substance. Therefore, before buying, you need to read the composition and method of production of this valuable product.