What is the ionization of air?
Ionization of air occurs as a result of detachment from the atom of the gaseous substance of the electron entering into the composition of the molecule. As a result, two differently charged particles and ions are formed. Connecting with each other, they form positively or negatively infected complexes. They are called aeronauts and are divided into three categories: heavy, medium, light. The presence of such formations in the air, which a person breathes, significantly affects his health.
In nature, most of the air is ionized in pine and spruce forests, in the mountains and the sea. Hippocrates also noticed the beneficial effects of sea and highland air on human health. He initiated a new direction in the treatment and prevention of diseases - aerotherapy.
Ionization of air occurs under the influence of external factors, natural or artificial. In nature, aerons are formed as a result of thunderstorms (atmospheric electricity), cosmic radiation, the presence in the surrounding space of radioactive elements, for example, radon. Ionization mainly involves nitrogen and oxygen molecules. In nature, there are always positive and negative ions in the air. Therefore, a person must breathe ionized air. The air that does not contain aeronas is dead to us.
In rooms, oxygen is much less ionized, in addition, it is poisoned by harmful chemical compounds of human-surrounding machinery and aerosol products. Air conditioners and ventilation systems in buildings also reduce the number of aerons. Therefore, ionizers of air became very popular. But these devices must be used very carefully.
The ionization of air must be carried out taking into account all environmental factors. First of all, you need to consider the composition of aerons. If the number of positively charged particles is greater, this will lead to an increase in diseases in people who are often in this room. Positive effect is mainly negative oxygen ions. But with their high content, this can lead to the breakdown of electrical devices, as electrostatic charges form on the objects. In small wet rooms with a lot of people and dust, ionizers form heavy aerons, accumulating in the airways.
Let us consider in more detail what is the ionization of air in the room and how it is carried out. Instruments, acting on gas molecules, increase the concentration of aerons. Negatively charged particles, acting on dust and microorganisms in the air, also charge them. They, moving along the lines of force, settle on the walls, the ceiling, the floor and the objects in the room. Thus, the air is purified.
The first inventor of the ionizer was A.L. Chizhevsky. His device was tested in the 1920s. Now there are many options for improving the microclimate in the premises. They can solve as one task - ionization of air, and the whole complex.
The most common devices are ionizers and air purifiers. In the devices are installed special dust collectors, they can be used around the clock. The air humidifier with ionization not only cleans the air, but also moistens it. This is especially important in the winter season, when the apartments include heating.
When selecting a device, specify the list of tasks that it will solve. A carefully read instruction will increase the period of use of the device. In addition, getting rid of dust in the air, you need to remember that the ionizer does not exterminate it completely. Periodic wet cleaning of the floor and walls is necessary.