What can I give a child in 5 months? Vegetable and fruit puree for children
Questions about the time of introduction of complementary foods and the list of products that are acceptable for each month have different controversial answers. After all, 20-30 years ago, children were given the first adult dishes in the form of droplets of juice in the second and third months of life, today it is absolutely forbidden, and the term of acquaintance with new products has been postponed to 5-6 months. In addition, the rules and sequence of feeding have changed. Some mothers find themselves in difficulty and can not decide what to give to a child in 5 months? To understand this, we need to consider the modern point of view of scientists, based on many years of experience and research activities.
When to start?
Having carried out large-scale research in the field of feeding crumbs in various countries of the world, WHO developed recommendations that most pediatricians and mothers agree with. They say that foods for complementary foods are given from six months of age in addition to breastfeeding.
In practice today, children's specialists adhere to the WHO methodology and recommend that children with normal growth, weight, health and development should wait until the 5.5 or 6 month period. The lure of a child of 5 months is recommended to begin in the event that the child is feeding on the adapted mixture. Especially this recommendation is relevant for babies with shortness of body weight, poor appetite or, conversely, with a constant sense of hunger, as well as problems in physical development (if low hemoglobin, rachitism and others are observed).
Having understood the time of introduction, mothers ask the following question: what can be given to a child in 5 months? The main purpose of complementary feeding is to provide the body with extra calories and energy, so a prepared portion of a new product should have a high energy and vitamin-mineral value. By this age, the babies begin to show a deficiency of iron and zinc, which means that one of the dishes will suit your choice: mashed potatoes or gluten-free cereal. Successful introduction of complementary foods has happened - in 2-3 weeks you can choose the next product.
A child's diet at 5 months may include a vegetable mix of several ingredients, porridge and puree from fruit. Each dish has its own nuances, which should be understood so as not to harm the fragile organism of the baby.
Meat lure will be the next, but his child gets already by the seventh month. Fish, cottage cheese, kefir, yoghurt, egg, cookies and juices are introduced later.
At the age of five months, the baby eats 5 times a day. Feeding a child in 5 months with artificial feeding and successful digestion of lures includes such stages:
- The first time after a morning awakening is necessarily given a mixture.
- The second meal in the form of porridge will gradually overgrow the baby after a year in a full-fledged milk breakfast. After the porridge, you can offer a dessert - puree of fruit.
- The third time in the lunch of a crumb receives a vegetable mass.
- The fourth and fifth feeding is unchanged: the usual mixture.
When breast feeding the scheme is the same, only additional foods are given in the second breakfast and the fourth meal, since a break of 6-8 hours is fraught with a decrease in the lactation process in the mother's body.
The most preferable first portion of adult food is vegetable puree.
It has a lot of fiber, minerals and vitamins. Vegetables for complementary foods are chosen when the young person has normal or excess body weight or trouble with stools in the form of constipation. Such products perfectly influence the functioning of the ripened intestinal tract.
There is another nuance. After trying a sweet porridge, a milk that is so close to the taste of a friend, a vegetable can be neglected by a small gourmand.
It is important to know what can be given to a child in 5 months from vegetables. Choosing the first product, it is better to give preference to zucchini, cauliflower, light pumpkin or broccoli, and other products at this age are undesirable. If the new baby's organism is well received, then in 10-14 days you can try to offer a mixture of two vegetable components.
Which is better: homemade food or canned food?
Some moms prepare their own crumbs, others choose vegetable purees for children in cans. In fact, both options are good.
Prepare a vegetable portion for the baby is easy, especially in the summer and autumn periods. Choose a seasonal vegetable, boil it without the addition of salt, and then whisk until a homogeneous, thick consistency. It will be useful to cook it in a double boiler - it is quickly cooked and almost all the vitamin components are not destroyed.
Food from jars is no worse, especially it is useful in winter-spring season, when in natural vegetables the amount of vitamin-mineral components decreases. When buying, pay attention to the composition, age group, production time and storage period. A child's finished product for this age should not have artificial additives and a large number of ingredients. You need to be prepared for the fact that in the beginning the mother will have to finish almost all the puree from the jar. It is suitable for not more than 24 hours when stored on a refrigerator shelf, and if you are late with the meal for more than 24 hours, then the next day the portion will no longer fit.
This dish most of the small gourmet eat with pleasure. Kasha will gradually replace the second breakfast, providing the baby with an energy reserve, protein, fiber and vitamin-mineral components. It perfectly solves the problem with missing grams, so it is prescribed to the crumbs with low body weight as the first complementary food. Entering it, you should know that you can give the child at 5 months of cereals. For this age buckwheat, rice or corn porridge is suitable. Only such grains are referred to as hypoallergenic, as they do not have gluten. This type of protein provokes pain in the tummy in children and problems with the finally unripened digestive system. Acquaintance with useful oatmeal should be postponed to eight months, and with a manga - up to a year.
How to cook porridge?
At the age of 5 months, the baby should not be cooked with a cow on a cow or goat whole milk. It has in the composition of amylase, which the body of crumbs can not split due to the lack of certain enzymes. You can prepare a serving of porridge in two ways.
- The first - it is good to boil ordinary rinsed croup in water and chop the blender into a finished mass. It is not recommended to sweeten or salivate.
- The second is to buy dry porridge of industrial production, corresponding to age, in the department of baby food. It is enriched with vitamin-mineral components and has a balanced formula. This method is more reasonable, since such porridge is not only quickly prepared, but also has a pleasant taste, therefore it is very beloved by growing gourmets.
When to introduce puree from fruit?
According to the recommendations of specialists, the lure of a child in 5 months begins with vegetable dishes, then the porridge is added to the diet. After the successful introduction of the listed items, a mashed potatoes of fruit can be offered as an additional dessert. It stimulates the secretion of certain gastric and intestinal enzymes. With this additional reception with other types of products, the fruit portion not only does not irritate the mucous membrane of the digestive system, but also helps to digest other dishes better.
Can I give fresh juices and fruit purees?
Everyone knows that the richest in vitamins is fruit. In addition, they, as well as fresh juices or fruit purees, contain a variety of different acids, coarse fiber and fructose, so irritate the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, the crumbs may develop such an adverse reaction as regurgitation, diarrhea disorders, intestinal colic, abdominal pain due to high gas formation, or allergic skin rash. Because of this, the introduction of fresh fruit is delayed for a later period and is not suitable for a five-month-old baby.
What should be fruit purees?
At the age of 5 months, the baby can only eat fruit purees from jars, prepared by industrial enterprises. They have undergone heat treatment, so do not cause irritation of the digestive system and in most cases do not have allergic effects. Puree in jars has such thickening elements as starch, pectin and guar gum, which are characterized by enveloping and softening functions. Thanks to them, too, the irritating properties of fruits are reduced. Many types of purees are enriched with mineral-vitamin compounds additionally.
Before buying a jar with a product you need to pay attention not only to the period of fitness and recommended age, but also to the composition. Fruit puree should not consist of sugar, sweeteners, various food acids, dyes and the like. Started jar can be stored no more than 24 hours (only on the shelf of the refrigerator).
Mom can make mashed potatoes in the home kitchen. To do this, the fruit should be baked or boiled, and then shredded with a blender or wipe through a sieve.
The most suitable fruit purées for a five-month-old age are obtained from apples, pears, plums or banana.
To facilitate the task of moms, experts have developed a list of products included in the baby's nutrition, by months. The table below contains information on complementary foods, brief recommendations and the volume of servings at the age of 5-6 months.
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