What if the baby is fat? The problems of excess weight in children with what are connected
Everyone likes pink-cheeked boots, who smile and look at their parents with joyful eyes. These chubby hands and feet in wrinkles in infancy are enthralled, and after three or more years of alert. And the older your round-headed baby is, the more difficult it will be for him to communicate on an equal footing with his peers. What if your baby is fat?
Obesity and overweight: what is the difference?
Often such concepts as "obesity" and "excess weight" are confused. In most cases, it is considered that they are identical. However, this is not quite true. The fact is that not always, when a child is fat, he suffers from obesity. Almost each of us has our own normal weight, which corresponds to our age and height.
If, for some reason, this norm is violated (in the direction of increasing it), then this will speak of the appearance of excess weight (ie, above the norm). Excess weight can either easily appear, or disappear under the action of a set of measures, such as diet and increased physical exertion.
Obesity, by contrast, is a very complex and dangerous disease, the main symptoms of which are rapidly increasing body weight. Obesity can be said in the case when the amount of useful energy consumed with food is tens of times higher than its daily consumption. Because of this, the children have characteristic fat deposits on the body, which only increase with time.
In this case, excess weight to such a child is not so easy to throw off. Most often, obesity leads to a variety of inherited diseases, metabolic disorders and other ailments. This photo of a fat child demonstrates the problem faced by children in obesity.
What are the causes of excess weight in children?
As the well-known children's doctor Komarovsky says: "Children must be skinny and with an awl in the priest." Therefore, problems with excess kilograms that have appeared in your baby should cause fear, especially in adults. But in order to deal with this trouble, you need to look at the root and identify the causes of excess weight in children. For example, one of the most common causes is heredity. This includes chronic diseases, heart diseases and other diseases that lead to weight problems.
The second reason, when parents grow fat children, is the violation of metabolic processes, slow metabolism, etc. And if in the first and second case, nothing really depends on the child and on his parents, then the third reason is directly related to upbringing and proper nutrition. For example, if the family is made to eat only semi-finished products and fatty foods, then a child growing up in such an environment is unlikely to be slim and thin.
In addition, fat children often grow up in families where parents are too busy to give them due attention. In other words, an extremely busy mom or dad simply has no time or laziness to warm up soup or porridge to her child. Instead, they buy them chips, cookies, French fries and other tasty but highly caloric foods.
What other situations can lead to childhood obesity?
One of the leading reasons in recent times is the hobby of children with computer games. Entering into excitement, schoolchildren and young children simply do not depart from the next game application. They literally eat without getting up. But since they do not want to spend time warming up and putting food on a plate, chocolate bars, seeds, flour products, croutons, etc. often become their favorite food. And it's all very caloric again.
In addition, the thickest children grow up with parents who have certain social problems in their families. One can also refer here to the difficulties of the child in the team. So, the situation is widespread when in the process of communicating with peers a toddler can experience fear, discomfort and other sensations. If the child does not manage to discuss his psychological state with his father or mother (or he and with them does not find mutual understanding), the baby starts to "seize" them at the time of a complex psychological situation.
Also negatively affects the baby setting certain rules at the table, for example, when the child is regularly reminded that he must eat his portion until the last crumbs. As a result, the child is fat, as he gets used to and tries to observe these rules always.
In addition, often pour oil on the fire grandmothers, who now and then trying to feed grandchildren cookies, freshly baked pancakes, pampushkas and other delicacies from the oven.
What are the causes of excess weight in babies?
Sometimes weight problems are observed not only in children after a year, but also at a younger age. Because of what is this happening? For example, if you have a fat child on breastfeeding, then this may indicate an incorrect correlation of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the ration of the nursing mother. Genes can also cause childhood obesity. That is, obese parents are most often born with children with similar problems.
If the infant is on artificial feeding, one of the reasons for his excessive weight gain is improper preparation of the mixture. Often moms raise the formula not strictly according to the instructions, but "by eye", which leads to overeating. The same happens when feeding a baby from a bottle containing a hole that is too big. As a result, the baby eats food much faster than the signal about saturation comes to his brain. As a result, the child does not gorge, and Mom gives him one more bottle and overfeeds. This photo of a fat child speaks of a similar problem of babe obesity.
What is child's paratrophy?
Paratrophy is a term applied to children under 3 years old, suffering from obesity. There are three stages of this disease:
- when the child's weight is more than 10-20%;
- when excess weight exceeds the norm by 25-35%;
- when the excess weight is above the norm by 40-50%.
If your child is fat and paratrophy is detected, he either eats too much, or his daily diet is not balanced. For these children, there are common signs:
- the presence of a very short neck;
- small size of chest;
- presence of rounded parts of the body;
- presence of characteristic fatty deposits in the waist, abdomen and thighs.
What is the danger of paratrophy?
Paratrophy is often complicated by allergic reactions, disorders of the endocrine system, there are problems with digestion and metabolism, as well as with respiratory organs. In addition, many experts are simply convinced that well-fed children are much more difficult to tolerate ARVI than children with an elegant figure. Once they just catch a cold, as they begin a protracted runny nose, accompanied by a strong edema mucous and other troubles. A fat child is breathing heavily during walking and running. He often has shortness of breath and sweating profusely.
What threatens obesity for children?
Childhood obesity can lead to the appearance of concomitant diseases. For example, obese children can develop diabetes, hypertension, liver cirrhosis, coronary heart disease. They can also observe:
- cardiovascular diseases;
- high blood pressure;
- chronic cholecystitis;
- frequent constipation;
- fatty hepatosis.
In addition, the fat child is less moving because of its large body weight. He has complexes of inferiority and difficulties in communicating with peers. Large weight interferes with the normal development of bones, which leads to deformation of the skeleton and knee joints.
How to determine if a child is suffering from obesity or not?
If you have a baby for up to a year, and you suspect that he has obesity problems, you must first check for compliance with the norm of his weight. This can be done according to the table set by the Ministry of Health (see below). Here is the age and the norm in grams. Therefore, for convenience, doctors are advised to create a similar tablet for themselves and contribute to it the weight of your child from the moment of birth. Thus, it is possible to determine how much the body weight of a toddler or adolescent corresponds to the established standard.
You can also determine the weight problems visually (for this it is worth comparing the external parameters of your child's body with his peers). In addition, a fat child (how to lose weight, he will tell us later) will gain weight very quickly. This will be seen, first of all, on clothes.
How much weight corresponds to the age of your baby, you can tell the therapist. It is not superfluous to go to the endocrinologist.
The child is fat: what to do?
If you find weight deviations from the norm in your child, do not rush to panic. First you need to consult with specialists. Remember that excessive completeness is more a consequence than a cause. Therefore, it is necessary to initially identify the cause of obesity of the child. To do this, you should make an appointment with the endocrinologist and take the appropriate tests.
If you have a fat child at 2 years due to malnutrition, it will not be superfluous to make an appointment with a nutritionist. He will help to make up your diet correctly, tell you what foods you can eat and which ones you can not eat. Will give useful advice and recommendations.
If a similar problem is observed in an artificial baby, consult a pediatrician about the correct introduction of complementary foods and the dosage. Try to add to the diet of older children greens, reduce the amount of easily digestible and harmful carbohydrates, replace sweet carbonated drinks with natural fruit and vegetable juices.
Cook more for a couple and bake the products in the oven with a minimum amount of fat. Prepare jelly and morsel without a lot of sugar. Replace white bread with bran, Borodin, coarse grinding. Enter the dish of fruit from the children's diet. Eliminate snacks in the form of pecans and sweets. Let the baby eat an apple, carrots, dried fruits, dates, raisins or nuts.
Sport is the power and the path to an ideal figure
Active children are rarely full, because children who are prone to obesity should be given a sport. Often play with them in the yard and on the street in active games, such as football, badminton. Perfectly copes with excess fatty deposits usual rope. Young children are regularly doing exercises using a large fitball. It will be useful in this sense, and children's yoga, gymnastics.
What not to do with obesity?
When child obesity is not recommended to engage in self-medication. It is not necessary to put children on an adult diet or to force to swing the press. Everything should be in moderation and coordinated with specialists. For example, if you decide that a slimming baby needs intensive physical activity, first consult with a doctor. Otherwise, ignoring the advice of specialists can lead to unpredictable consequences.
You can not let things go by themselves, because the lack of treatment leads to deplorable results and psychological problems of the child.
In a word, watch the weight of your children, walk more in the fresh air, play sports and contact specialists in a timely manner!