Black lop-eared cat: description of the breed
Scottish Fold - a young breed of cats. The first kittens appeared just over 50 years ago - in the 60s of the 20th century. Animals with pressed ears quickly fell in love with customers, first conquering Europe, and then moving to the US.
One of the features, thanks to which the black lop-eared cat became the favorite of a large number of people, is a straight stance. Imitating gophers, these animals like to sit on their hind legs, lifting the body, and lowering the front. Only the goals while they have other - so the animals knead the bones of the spine.
Surprisingly, although the black lop-eared cat belongs to the cat family, in most cases it is afraid of heights. This feature is due to the device of the vestibular apparatus. But when playing games they do not skip on the curtains and rarely jump on the cabinets. Lop-eared Scots like to play and fool around, but do it with dignity.
The first animal of this breed - Susie - appeared in Scotland near a half-wild cat. Father remained unknown.
Suzie was early enough to bring offspring, which the owners had difficulty attaching to their acquaintances. A resident of Scotland Mary Ross in 1963 received as a gift one of Suzie's kittens - it was a white kitty that received the nickname Snooks. In her first offspring there was a kitten, very similar to those we now know as the Scottish Fold. It was a white cat with heavy paws, which was called the Snowball. The owner did not have the breeder's skills, but it seemed to the woman that she had a chance to see the birth of a new breed.
After Snowball grew up, he was crossed with the British shorthair. At the same time Snooks was brought to the next mating with the British blue. It was in such an unpretentious way at home that the first Scottish lop-eared cat was received. The black color of the first litter, the folded ears interested the breeders, who helped Mary develop the final algorithm for breeding.
For the last several decades, this breed has become one of the most popular in the whole world. As a result of a malfunction in the gene pool, which arose through the fault of crossing with short-haired cats, geneticists had to make a lot of efforts to eliminate it. If both parents were lop-eared, such crossing sometimes led to disturbances in the locomotor system. This is what led to the use in breeding of partners of the Scottish breed, without bent ears.
The lop-eared black cat most often appears with ordinary ears. They fold only after four weeks after birth.
Classical is the light blue color of the coat. But since a large number of different exotics took part in the formation of the breed, a huge variety of colors is acceptable today. Scots can be blue, cream, white, bicolor, black, tabby, chinchilla and so on.
The head of the animals of this breed is round, with a flat forehead, drooping ears. Legs relatively short, paws rounded. The nose is straight and wide. Wool short, thick.
On average, the black lop-eared cat weighs 8 kg.
Animals are playful and active enough - especially for kittens. They quickly get used to sitting in the hands of the owner. Black lop-eared cat is prone to basic training. These animals quickly realize, for what purpose in the house there is a scribe, some individuals are able to turn on and watch TV.
The intellect of the Scots lop-eared is at a sufficiently high level, their intuition is well developed, they have high adaptability. These animals are able to quickly learn in any situation, "read" the emotions of the host, adjusting to his mood. Lop-eared pets are not aggressive, they are almost incapable of revenge.
The nature of these animals is very stable, they do not succumb to hysterics, quickly become attached to the house and the owner, while being self-sufficient.
A vivid feature of the breed is the voice. He is not at all like a purring purr, rather, on the creaking of an old tree. Scots rarely scream, mainly reporting their needs polite gossip.
In conflict situations ordinary cats hiss, bite, in every possible way show aggression. However, this does not apply to Scots who are born diplomats. If they could go to work, they would certainly make their way to politics!
These animals get used to the family very quickly. Experienced owners are sure that with special tenderness cats treat toddlers and elderly family members. If they really liked the man, they would follow him everywhere, trying to attract attention. However much they would like to talk, they will not distract from business, grabbing at their feet or jumping to their knees. The most important thing for these cats is to be near your loved one.
Other animals, including cats, please Scots, because they love a good company. Even a joint life with a dog does not spoil the cats mood - they quickly get used to this neighbor, playing with him and even caring for his hair.
The high intelligence of the cats of this breed speaks of their good learning ability, but the cry can forever discourage the animal from obeying. Moreover, the cat is able to become aggressive and cowardly if you shout at it regularly.
Fold Scots do not tolerate rudeness. So, you can not wear this breed for the scruff of cats - they simply will not allow it. First, because because of their severity, this situation is painful for animals. Secondly, it is harmful to the spinal column. Wear cats in such a way that all paws can lean in the air on something.
The master must be extremely patient to raise a Scotsman. It is important to understand the individual characteristics of cats. For example, remember that even the most intelligent animal can not remember several commands. It is necessary to move from simple to more complex exercises.
Most breeders talk about the low caprice of cats of this breed. Combing their fur is necessary daily massage brush. Animals get used to this pretty quickly, enjoying the usefulness for their health procedures.
Lop-eared black cat, photo of which decorates any catalog of breeds, contrary to stereotypes, does not resist bathing. Often gets used to water procedures after three to five times. Despite this, it can be washed only if absolutely necessary - when fleas appear or are significantly contaminated.
The unique shape of the auricles leads to a rapid accumulation of dust and sulfur in them. Therefore, they should be inspected regularly - 2-3 times a month. When cleaning, you should use a cotton swab, which is applied hygienic liquid for the ears.
To claw claws animals need no more than once a month - for this it is worth to buy a steel claw-nail and a nail clipper. Claws need to be cut to 2 mm. Do not use scissors - this can damage the nerve endings or fingers of the animal.
Many owners, acquiring a new pet, are tormented by the question of how to call the cat a lop-eared (black). First of all, one should take into account that thoroughbred animals have pedigrees and brands of breeders. Each kitten is registered, so all animals from the same litter must have names beginning with the same letter - this narrows the list.
A Scottish lop-eared cat (black) can be called anything, but still most owners prefer beautiful, sonorous nicknames that will sound good at exhibitions. For a home, pedigreed animals usually have a simpler, short and convenient name. For example, King All Round at home may well be a Bantic.
Care for the health of a cat prone to longevity, is necessary to the owners. Despite the fact that the average length of the fold is 19 years, you need to regularly wear them to the veterinarian, to monitor the state of health at home.
First of all, you should monitor the appetite, sociability and behavior of the cat. If there are alarming factors, it is necessary to check the temperature, count the pulse, pay attention to other symptoms. If something bad happens with the animal, immediately consult a doctor.
In fact, it's impossible to say that you have a black British lop-eared cat at home, because there is no such breed. He can be either British or Fold. The British appeared much earlier, their ears do not bend and the muzzle is more complete.