How to feed decorative rats at home? Food for rats
The rat, it would seem, is a small, nasty creature, which, apart from disgust, can not provoke anything. But not many know that this is the most intelligent and cunning animals among other rodents. Recently it has become fashionable to get these lovely tailed houses. Consider how to properly care for them, choose when buying and, most importantly, than feed decorative rats, so as not to harm your pet's health. No matter what kind of animal you start at home, you should remember that with the appearance of the same rat in your apartment, the way of life will change. Since we already have to bear responsibility for one more family member.
Than to feed ornamental rats? Before answering this question, we will determine what they are in general. The colors of decorative rats can be completely different: from white to black and red. There are about 8 types of ornamental rats:
- naked. They do not have hair, except for tendrils;
- standard. These are the largest decorative rats that grow to 800 gr. From these rodents, and other species were excreted;
- satin rat. It differs from others in its long and fluffy fur. Dwells mainly in the US and Western Europe;
- rex. Famous for its fluffy and curly fur;
- dam. A distinctive feature of these rodents are their ears, which are located lower than all the rest, and in shape not pointed, but round. The trunk of these animals is shorter and rounded than that of their relatives;
- tailless. Many are deterred in the rat by their long, bald tail. The same do not have it at all. This feature makes them cute and almost like hamsters;
- disagreeable rats. The name speaks for itself. This species of ornamental rats has different eyes. Moreover, the greater the difference, the more expensive the animal;
- tricolor rat. This is an artificially derived species. Since in nature there are no rodents with this color, and by inheritance, this phenomenon is not transmitted. Whatever the color of the hair on the rat was not, one of them must necessarily be white.
What affects life expectancy?
How many live domestic rats live at home? In larger animals, the breed may affect the life span. In rats, their species does not say anything at all. In rats, life expectancy, oddly enough, is affected by genetics. Tails are more often than others subjected to overheating. Since the tail of them is not only to keep the balance, but a kind of thermoregulator. Bald rats can easily damage their skin, rather than those with increased hairiness.
If one of the parents had a painful animal, then one should not expect that the offspring will be in good health. Experienced breeders advise buying a rat not from the hands, but in the nursery so that you can look at the parents of the baby.
Also, surprisingly, the life span of a rat at home is affected by the environment in which it has to live. The cage where you are going to settle the pet should be spacious with lots of shelves and ladders, where your pet can move around freely. Inadequate dimensions lead to a sedentary lifestyle of the rodent, which, as in humans, can lead to obesity or atrophy of muscles, and other diseases. Therefore, it is important that not only the cage was the right size, but it is necessary that you regularly let your pet walk around the apartment. And here it is important to watch, that on a rat no one accidentally came. Also consider that this is after all a rodent, who is used to eating something, tearing. Therefore, be careful that the baby does not start to sharpen the teeth on your favorite furniture or accidentally left in the hallway of the weekend shoes.
Many owners make the mistake of placing decorative rats in the aquarium. This interferes with sufficient air circulation, which often leads to suffocation of the animal.
With all responsibility it is worth approaching the choice of a cell filler for an animal. It is advisable that it is woody in granules, and by no means coniferous, which can be very dangerous for rats because there are splinters in their body. Other types of filler made from paper or hay do not absorb an unpleasant odor.
Than to feed ornamental rats? Of course, much attention should be paid to this issue. But this broad aspect will be considered below.
And now we will try to understand the diseases of animals, timely diagnosis of which can save the life of your pet. In no case do not self-medicate, but better consult a veterinarian. Remember that decorative rats are artificially bred animals. Their immunity is much lower than those who run the streets and eat in garbage dumps.
Watch out that the pet does not have parasites, especially if you suddenly decide to go out with a rat to the nature. A very common disease among small rodents is the common cold and other lung diseases. After bathing, it is necessary to dry the rat well, and then to put it in a cage, otherwise any draft can be dangerous for it. In time, perform antihelminthic prophylaxis. Take care that your rat does not have fleas that can easily bite it in large quantities. Very often, in decorative rats can diagnose tumors of different stages. Therefore, take care not to start the disease. And try to periodically touch the rodent, at the slightest suspicion of swelling immediately consult a specialist.
So how many live domestic rats? At home, observing all the necessary conditions for their maintenance, you can significantly extend their life. It is considered that rodents are tenacious. Therefore, they are not threatened by anything, on average artificially bred animals live no more than two years. But there are long-lived among them. Those can live up to four years.
Lifetime depends on nutrition. And how to feed a decorative rat at home?
In general, the rat is an omnivore. But do not confuse them with hamsters and guinea pigs, who eat everything that they do not put and in any quantities. A rat is a highly intelligent animal that will determine for itself how much and what it should eat. Your task is to feed rats varied and qualitative.
Most of the diet should be a grain ingredient. Rats can be bought at any pet store. And you can give the rodent any boiled porridge without oil, sugar and salt. You can also boil pasta from hard varieties or give a bite of bread. Do not refuse these tailed to eat a dry bread crust or corn cob.
Every day, make sure that the diet contains vegetables, greens or fruit. It can be a carrot, a boarer, a potato, an apple. The more diverse the choice, the more necessary microelements the pet will get.
It is a mistake to think that cheese is a favorite dessert of rodents, which they can use day and night. Cheese, like other dairy products, contains a large amount of protein. And this in unlimited quantities leads to rapid aging of the animal. Therefore it will be enough, if once or twice a week give a crumb a piece of meat or cheese. You can also pour a little milk in the bowl. They will not refuse from low-fat cottage cheese or yogurt.
Keep food for rats clean and fresh. Do not give the animal food directly from the refrigerator. It is advisable that all the products that you are going to give to the decorative rat are at room temperature. Remember that they can not do without water and food for more than two days. Therefore, the option to impose more and leave for a few days to rest, will not work. If you are not sure that you will return home on time, then ask someone to look after the pet. Otherwise, the risk of returning home does not catch him alive.
What can not rodents?
Now you know what to feed decorative rats. We also figured out how often this should be done. And than it is impossible to feed decorative rats? It is strictly forbidden to give the rodent chocolate and any other sweets. You can not abuse cheese, especially smoked or salty. And, in general, it is strictly forbidden to put in a cage any smoked meat. You also need to know that at least some vegetables are useful for rodents, but in no case can they give them cabbage, sprouted potatoes or any legumes, other than corn.
Having understood what to feed decorative rats, and how to properly care for them, you can safely start a small pet without fear for his health. Let your new family member give a lot of positive emotions.