Flea feline: description, methods of control and prevention
Flea feline (Latin C. fells) belongs to the Siphonaptera. The adult has no wings, is compressed laterally, with strong and long legs, provided with numerous spines. On the sides of the head, when viewed through a magnifying glass, so-called antennae having a clavate shape are noticeable. Oral organs are ideally adapted to pierce the skin and suck blood. A cat flea - an insect rather small, rarely exceeding 2 mm in size.
It is a temporary parasite, from which it is quite possible to get rid of. A female flea lays small, almost imperceptible non-sticky eggs on the coat and skin of a cat, from where they roll down to the floor, bedding, furniture. After a week (sometimes longer), larvae appear, at first having a vermiform body and eating fodder and organic residues. Two weeks later, the pupa becomes an adult and begins to lead a different lifestyle - parasitic. Blood is fed by both sexes of insects (males and females).
Flea feline is common everywhere, in animals it occurs year-round. Infect your pet by contact with the infected animals, and not even close (just a few minutes of staying in the same room with cats suffering from parasites). Look at the first photo of how the feline fleas look in an enlarged version several times.
It is believed that these insects attack only those animals that are kept in not too good conditions, with accompanying dampness and unimportant food. However, the statement is wrong at the root. You can get infected and well-groomed, healthy cat.
Flea feline - an insect is not harmless. On the bite of parasites, the skin reacts with itching. The animal itches. There are scratches and scratching, dermatitis develops. The cat is nervous, does not sleep much, spending power on the useless fight against fleas. Consequence - a decrease in immunity, an increased likelihood of introducing infections and viruses, to which the animal would otherwise be stable. Ectoparasites are easily detected when examining the integument. Favorite places of insects - under the paws and tummy.
How to withdraw cat fleas? The use of dust is already a thing of the past. Modern veterinary medicine offers anti-insecticidal aerosols, emulsions, solutions, powders. When choosing a remedy, be sure to consider the degree of toxicity and age of the animal. Not all preparations are suitable for young cats, and kittens are not recommended for a month at all. It should be noted that the remedies against feline fleas act mainly on larvae (adult forms are slightly more stable) and practically do not affect the eggs. Therefore, the procedure is repeated without fail (after 12-18 days).
For the extermination of fleas, one can use an aqueous solution of chlorophos (1%), an emulsion of carbophos, eiodrin, diphos (abat), trichlorometaphos. A good effect is given by Oksamat - repellent (2% aqueous emulsion). This substance is slightly toxic to animals. Also worthy of attention are synthetic pyrethroids "Ectomin", "Ectopor", "Anometrin", etc.
Of ready-made veterinary drugs in demand are not very expensive, but effective drops "Bars" (available in the form of a spray), "Fiprex", "Advocate", "Stronghold."
- treatment of the room (in particular - the places where the cat sleeps) with "Butox" type preparations;
- exclusion of contacts with infected and stray animals;
- additional protection in the form of anti-collar collars.