White spots on the skin of a child: what is it
Sometimes parents notice the appearance of white spots on the skin of a child. And immediately there is a million questions. What it is? Why did they arise? What to do with them? Let's try to answer these questions.
Vitiligo, pityriasis, white pitiriasis, hypomelanosis - this is an incomplete list of diseases, the main feature of which are white spots on the skin of a child.
This disease is characterized by the presence of light spots on the skin. They do not cause any harm to the body, rather, they bring inconveniences of an aesthetic nature. Among the possible causes of the emergence of the doctors stress, psychological trauma, a severe infectious disease, infection with worms. Up to five years, it is recommended only to observe the development of white spots, as children only form the immune system, and the spots can themselves disappear. White spots on the face of the child and other parts of the body - this is a kind of signal about trouble in some area, and parents first need to take measures to remove the factors that caused the disease. And only if this does not help, you need to contact a dermatologist, who can prescribe ultraviolet rays, and in severe cases, the use of special creams.
Unlike vitiligo, where the white patches on the skin of the child are smooth, with pityriasis, white spots are peeling. Usually they arise first on the back and only then appear on the neck, chest, armpits. Pityriasis causes a fungal infection. With this disease, the lymph nodes increase, and the white spots on the child's body are oval, round, cylindrical. Another form of lichen, characterized by the presence of white spots, is the pink lichen of Zhibera. It is not contagious and often occurs after a virus outbreak. On the body appears one large white plaque surrounded by white dots. Good help in the treatment of these species depriving the wiping of affected areas with apple cider vinegar, salicylic alcohol. Treatment is usually complex, using various antifungal ointments, shampoos.
These white patches on the skin of the child are oval in shape, small in size, located mainly on the face, are also found on the arms and body (upper part). It is often found in children aged 3 to 16 years. The disease does not pose any danger and does not cause the child any particular inconvenience. It can last from a few months to several years. Spots do not itch, but if you really want to get rid of them, you need to thoroughly moisturize the skin.
This disease usually occurs in children. The cause of hypomelanosis is a transferred disease. Unlike vitiligo, white spots on the child's body are of a very strange shape. An accurate diagnosis can be made only by a specialist on the results of histology. This disease can be dangerous, since it is possible to damage the child's nervous system and its developmental lag. With hypomelanosis, prescribe a reception of retinoids and exfoliate procedures.