Antibiotic for cats
Let's consider today one of the most important agents in treatment - an antibiotic. For cats, it is prescribed for inflammation and diseases, with which local drugs can no longer cope. As a rule, these are bacterial infections and various kinds of relapses. But even veterinarians themselves admit: before introducing any medicine, it is required to examine the pet and make sure that the drug is really needed. Why? Because, trying to heal one, we literally begin to maim the other. Everyone knows that most drugs are excreted by the kidneys. There is also a load on the liver. Treatment of cats with antibiotics is an extensive topic, we will consider the most important issues. So.
These are drugs that destroy bacteria, some parasitic and fungal infections. They are divided into bacteriostatic (stopping the growth of bacteria) and bactericidal (killing microbes and removing them from the body).
Produced in the form of tablets, injectable solutions, powders and ointments.
In what cases is an antibiotic prescribed for cats? The agent of this kind can be used in the treatment of the following pathologies:
- abscess after bites (with purulent cavities in the tissues);
- skin infections (bacterial, developing as a result of scratches caused independently or during a fight);
- eye infections;
- respiratory diseases (eg, pertussis wand);
- pyometra (a serious infection of the uterus);
- lamblia (protozoal inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract);
What antibiotics can be given to cats?
The only correct answer can only sound like this: those that are prescribed by a veterinarian! As already mentioned, first of all the pet needs to be inspected. Any medicine should be given to the animal, adhering to a doctor-made regimen, observing the correct dosage. Below are examples of some diseases and a number of antibiotics most commonly used by veterinarians in the treatment of their four-legged patients. Please note that our article is for informational purposes only. This means that you can not independently diagnose yourself, as well as "prescribe" this or that medication to an animal, since many diseases have a number of similar signs. In addition, each course must be completed in its entirety (with the subsequent additional examination). You can not prescribe an antibiotic for cats yourself, and for the reason that bacteria, as well as viruses, are constantly mutating. The medicine used the next time may already not have the desired effect or even be useless. For the same reason, the course is not interrupted: the infection must be destroyed, otherwise, after undergoing a transformation, it will again "raise its head" and fight it will be much more difficult.
Diagnosed with a thorough examination and by symptoms. Treatment is appointed based on the results of the examination and depends on the stage of development of pathology. Most often an antibiotic is used. Cats can be prescribed and, so to speak, human preparations, however in other dosages. As an example, we can consider "Benzylpenicillin", "Amoxicillin". Often enough one-time injection (intramuscular, 25 mg / kg). Penicillin derivatives are effective against most types of abscess-forming bacteria. Cephalosporins and Clindamycin (oral) can be used, but they are less effective against anaerobes. It is important to understand: the antibiotic for cats in this case only promotes healing after surgical intervention, which is performed after full maturation of the "capsule" with pus. The excised abscesses are washed with peroxide and filled with antiseptic. It is recommended to leave the wound open for subsequent drainage.
Let's clarify: this operation does not imply removal of the uterus, but, nevertheless, it is considered serious, like all cavities. The procedure is the same everywhere, but there are differences in the use of antibiotics. And big.
Antibiotic after the sterilization of the cat is not used by all veterinarians. Sometimes injections are done before surgery. Why do some veterinarians not prescribe an antibiotic after the procedure? It turns out that cats have a congenital resistance to peritonitis. Maybe. However, not all. That is why cats treatment with antibiotics (or, rather, prevention) is very desirable. Here you need antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action. As a rule, these are fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. Multiplicity and dosage are calculated by weight, according to the instructions.
Unfortunately, a very common disease. It is only diagnosed by veterinarians. An experienced physician needs a thorough examination with an X-ray (or ultrasound). The results of the tests indicate the form of the disease and help to more accurately determine what antibiotics are needed in each specific case.
If your cat was diagnosed with a pyometra, know: surgery is not always the only way out. Sometimes conservative methods can also have an effect: droppers, hormones, antibiotics (most commonly "Enrofloxacin" and "Amoxicillin"). Specify, whether in your case such decision will approach. But the verdict should be made all the same by the veterinarian. Take into account: self-treatment here is unacceptable, and slowness in decision-making can cost the life of your cat.
In the fight against them, usually used globulins, serums and antiviral drugs. Let's consider in more detail With viruses (both with the threat of infection, and with direct disease) immunoglobulins are often recommended. It's antibodies. Their work consists in attaching the active virus to the antigen and destroying it. For faster withdrawal of their own antibodies in the serum are also destroyed. Viral infections are treated with drugs "Gyksan", "Vitafel", "Vitakan". By the way, the maximum effect is observed in kittens, since they do not yet have antibodies (or too few).
Interferons do not allow the virus to multiply. This explains their current popularity. The effectiveness of the drug Interferon Omega has been tested in the last decade. When administered orally, an immunomodulatory effect is achieved, and when administered intravenously, an excellent antiviral effect is achieved.
Another medicine is "Anandin" (a low-molecular inductor) with the widest spectrum of effects (against genomic viruses, fungal lesions, staphylococcal infections). First of all, it is recommended for the treatment of dermatropic, neurotropic, pneumotrophic and pantropic virus infections, as well as immunodeficiency. The drug stimulates the immune system, accelerates regeneration, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Effective even with plague.
What antibiotics for cats are most commonly used for infections?
1. "Gentamicin" 8% (for pneumonia, infections of the skin, respiratory tract, eyes, ears, lacerations);
2. "Enrofloxacin" (similar to "Baytril") - with problems with urinary systems, skin, lungs.
3. "Amoxicillin" - with infection of the blood, bones and all of the above.
4. "Terramycin" (similar to Oxytetracycline) - for inflammations of the oral cavity, eyes.
6. “Amuril” - in case of bacterial infections of soft tissues and integuments, salmonellosis, bronchopneumonia, colibacteriosis, urinary infections.
7. "Amoxiclav" - for respiratory diseases and problems listed in paragraph 6.
8. "Betamox" - for bacterial infections of the digestive tract, urogenital system, skin and soft tissues.
9. "Vetrimoksin" - with wound and postoperative inflammation, cystitis, metritis, infections of the respiratory tract and digestive tract. Can be used for prophylaxis.
10. “Recep” - for respiratory diseases.
11. Tetracycline ointment - for infected wounds, burns, presence of pustules, eczema, boils and folliculitis.