American Staffordshire Terrier: breed description, character, photos
Despite the fact that disputes concerning fighting breeds of dogs still do not subside, yet a large number of dog breeders have an American Staffordshire terrier at home. Not because these people are not afraid of anything, but because, having raised the dog correctly, you can safely leave with her even an infant, whom she will protect and take care of.
American Staffordshire Terrier: History
This breed appeared in the 19th century, when fans of dog fights crossed a bulldog and a terrier. In the course of this experiment, the ideal dog for a fairly tough sport was obtained.After in Britain found out about such a find, the breeders decided to bring several representatives of the new breed in England, as a result of which the Staffordshire Terrier, whose character was distinguished by aggression, was born. Despite the fact that, in fact, it is an American-British mixture, according to the standards of the international canine federation, it is a purely American dog.
Shortly, the Staffordshire Terrier is called amstaff.
Amstaffs have short, but very thick wool, and the color can be very diverse. Puppies are born monochrome or spotty. A distinctive feature of the breed is its amazing endurance and strength. For example, amstaff can easily climb the fence from the net, clinging to it only with its claws and pulling on its paws. In addition, terriers have very strong hind limbs, so they can overcome more than 2 meters in a jump.
With a height of 47-48 cm, the dog reaches a weight of up to 30 kilograms or more, having a very developed muscle mass.
Since this is a fighting breed, the Staffordshire Terrier requires training from its owner. It is not recommended to start a Staffordshire terrier to those who have not previously encountered the education and training of such dogs.
The Staffordshire Terrier, a breed description of which is rather intimidating, is not as aggressive as it seems. Amstaff is an amazingly intelligent dog with a good-natured temperament and playful temper. Very faithfully applies not only to his master, but to the whole family, especially to children. Devotion and courage are the qualities inherent in a terrier from the very first days of life.
Nevertheless, the fiery blood of a fighter in combination with a powerful body sometimes plays a joke on a good-natured dog, and it can become more aggressive when playing. In order to completely eliminate undesirable consequences, it is important to simulate the behavior of the dog and inspire her with the rules through persistent training and training.
Of course, Stafford will never attack the owner, but his rush to protect his family can result in a decent threat to the average passer-by or neighbor. The dog must clearly know the commands and understand that only after the owner utters the keyword, he will be able to attack the attacker or protect the owner if he is attacked by stray dogs. The Staffordshire Terrier is ready to fight a whole bunch and is likely to win.
The fact is that this breed is extremely tied to the family and sometimes confuses a real threat with a simple slap on the shoulder or a friendly game. In order not to be in the mighty jaws of the dog, it is better to keep some distance if you first came to visit the family in which the Staffordshire Terrier recently appeared. The description of the breed does not say that the dog is uncontrollable, nevertheless it is better to give it the opportunity to get used to your presence. After a while, Amstaff will begin to perceive you as a friend and will feel comfortable and good next to you.
American Staffordshire Terrier: puppies, how to choose
Choosing a future pet is a difficult process, so you should be patient. The four-legged friend should not only like the appearance, but also meet the declared breeder characteristics.
When buying a small Amstaff, you must clearly define for yourself what exactly you need a Staffordshire Terrier for. Puppies will cost more if your list of requirements is large. If you decide to start a champion in your home, then carefully read the international standards and characteristics that a future winner should have. In order to further participate in exhibitions, it is best to take a puppy from the nursery and make sure of its pedigree. In addition, a professional breeder will help you make the right choice and tell you what to do next when the Staffordshire Terrier appears in the house. The description of the breed and the pedigree that it provides you will make the best choice.
If you decide to start amstaff as a protector and security guard for your property, pay attention to how balanced the puppy is. Aggressive dogs from birth after additional workouts aimed at hard behavior can become uncontrollable in the future and even harm the owner. If you need a bodyguard, buy a puppy under the age of 2 months with a calm temper.
To take a more adult dog that has undergone a course of training and dog training is not a good idea. Like any animal, amstaffs have a special attachment to the one who raised and raised him. In addition, during training, the dog could develop certain habits and character traits that may be incompatible with yours.
Boy or girl: who is better
If we talk about the field of the future pet, then the beginner breeder, of course, is to take the girl. This is because terrier girls are better trained. In addition, they are not prone to domination, as males, and this will be a great relief for the owner, since the male, having first entered the family, can decide that he is the owner of the house, and you will have to prove him otherwise. Amstaff girls quickly become attached to their master and always want to serve him. The only drawback of this choice is the potential pregnancy. When taking your favorite out for a walk, you need to watch her very carefully, since during the period of heat her rather insistent fans will surround her.
Amstaff boys are much more aggressive, but also more independent. Although training will still have to spend a lot more time and patience. In addition, the dogs constantly mark their territory both on the street and at home, so one more item will have to be added to the list of trainings.
How to train and raise an American Staffordshire Terrier
How a dog will behave in adult life depends directly on the diligence and patience of the owner. It is extremely important to begin to train and teach the puppy to discipline before he turns 1 year old. Between the ages of 1.5 and 6 months, amstaffs learn best.
A special feature of the training of the Staffordshire Terrier is its socialization, since by its nature the dog is rather aggressive towards its relatives and man. From the first months start to teach your puppy to the fact that he is surrounded by people who do not wish to cause him harm.
After the baby has been made all the necessary vaccinations, and he is well tolerated quarantine, you can begin to take him outside and slowly acquaint with other dogs on the court. If the puppy began to show even minimal aggression, immediately show him that this is wrong, such a model of behavior is unacceptable. Of course, when a small amstaff is standing in front of you and trying to growl, this is a rather amusing sight, but you shouldn’t give in to emotions, because in a few years it will be a decent-sized dog, and it will not be fun.
It is very serious to watch how the Staffordshire Terrier behaves in training. Photos posted on canine sites will help you decide on uniforms, etc. If you can not self-train the mighty defender, it is best to contact a professional trainer. After attending the training course, you will learn all the nuances of working with fighting dogs and you will be able to work with your pet on your own and fully appreciate the Staffordshire Terrier breed. Reviews of owners of such dogs abound with positive emotions and praises of their pets.
Strength training is extremely important for the proper upbringing and training of the dog. In specialized stores you can buy weights and other equipment for exercise, which staffordshire terrier likes to do. A description of everything you need can be obtained from a specialist.
What qualities appreciates amstaff in man
For this breed of dogs characteristic leadership in the pack. In our case, the pack is a family, and amstaff is absolutely sure that he is its leader. Show the dog that he is not, namely, you are the master and chief. For this puppy to appear in the house, it is important to explain that to sleep on a bed, go out, etc. he can only with your permission. Thus, the hierarchy will be restored, you can control the animal in any situation and be an authority and leader for it.
Amstaffs appreciate hard character, for them firmness and constancy is the highest manifestation of strength. Do not lisp with a terrier, he will not understand this, it is better to speak seriously and treat him as a rational person, and not as a sweet baby.
How to care for a Staffordshire terrier
The coat of the American Terrier is short, so it does not require special care. Dog periodically enough to brush with a stiff brush. Amstaffs love to swim, so you can pamper your favorite water treatments. After that, wipe the dog's fur with car suede, and then it will shine. Before bathing a terrier, it is imperative to examine the skin for cuts or small wounds, if any, it is better to postpone bathing. If after a bath an unpleasant smell emanates from a dog, contact your veterinarian, most likely the animal is sick or suffering from a chronic infection.
It is recommended to go out with the Staffordshire Terrier as often as possible, this will help him to get used to the environment and feel better. Always keep the dog on a leash and in a muzzle during walks. A sudden encounter with a stray dog or a drunk person may lead to a passer-by or a Staffordshire Terrier himself. The description of the breed contains a number of such cautions.
Due to good heredity and unlimited health, Amstaffs practically do not get sick. In addition, dogs of this breed are not predisposed to genetic or hereditary diseases. Nevertheless, there are a number of diseases that the Staffordshire Terrier is prone to, the owners' reviews contain the following complaints about:
In order to eliminate the risk of possible diseases and infections that can be transmitted to the dog from other animals, you need to put the puppy the necessary vaccinations at the age of about 2 months. Before vaccination, it is necessary to prevent worms, and after the procedure, to protect the animal for several weeks from stress and communication with other dogs.
The life span of American terriers is 12-14 years.
Food Staffordshire Terrier
Amstaffs are completely unpretentious in food and care, however, they also have their own preferences. Dogs are very fond of giblets, but they need to be boiled carefully, pre-cut into small pieces. You can also feed a pet:
- Lamb meat
- Chicken heads and necks.
In order for the dog to be in shape, be sure to give it a boiled fish, but only by removing the bones from it or carefully putting it out so that they become softer.
A puppy will be useful to give fermented milk products containing calcium. You can prepare the mixture, for this, add 2 tablespoons of calcium chloride per liter of milk, then boil the milk and collect it in gauze, letting it drain.
From cereals fit:
It is necessary to wash the bowl after each feeding so that no harmful microbes grow in it. For feeding, you should purchase a special stand, which you will put higher as the animal grows so that it does not have to bend down.
Is it possible to give a dog bone
Bones can be given to a puppy when teeth start to cut. It is better if it is sugar bones or vertebrates. But to feed a puppy or an adult dog with bones is often not worth it, it can lead to constipation. In the pet stores you will find delicious bones that will appeal to your pet. Upon reaching the amstaff of adult age, it is not recommended to feed the bones, as they damage the enamel of the teeth.
What can not feed Amstaff
In no case let the dog:
- Moldy food.
- Smoked meats.
- Greasy food.
- Sausages, sausages, etc.
Many owners feed the animal with leftovers from the table, this should not be done, as the dog's body can not cope with junk food saturated with fats and other harmful substances.
Devoted to the owner until the last days of his life, the Staffordshire Terrier, whose photo is at home next to family photos, always tries to please his loved ones and tries to earn praise. However, the owners love their pets as full members of the family.