American pit bull: a description of the breed, photos and reviews of dog breeders
Probably, many will be surprised, but the American pit bull is not a native of the United States. The breed originated in the Old World, but the Americans considered it very useful and began to develop the breed.
A bit of history
In ancient times dog fights were very popular in Ireland and England. Most often they were attended by bulldogs. These dogs were used to protect dwellings and hunt large animals. In the XVI century there were dogs that resembled the current pit bulls. Probably the origin of the breed was contributed by English laws. For example, large hunting dogs were forbidden for poor people, since hunting for large animals was allowed only by the nobility.
Less wealthy English could only contain bulldogs who guarded their property, and small terriers for hunting. In order not to violate the laws, the poor people left the smallest puppies out of the litter of bulldogs and crossed them with terriers. Thus, the first bull terriers appeared, combining the mobility and dexterity of terriers with fearlessness and insensitivity to bulldogs. The prefix "pit" appeared much later. Translated from English, it means "pit for battle," dogs were usually bitten in them.
Unfortunately, there was no exact date when the American pit bull terrier came to the US. It is only known that this happened before 1774. They were brought by emigrants from Europe. Especially a lot of individuals were imported in the middle of the XIX century from Ireland.
In Europe at that time, public opinion insisted on banning dog fights. In 1835, a corresponding law was passed in Great Britain.
Such entertainments were welcomed and encouraged in the United States. Dog fights in this country have long been legal.
Development of the breed in the USA
Americans are interested in the new dog, seeing in it the makings of an indefatigable fighter. There were enthusiasts who started work on improving the breed and its official recognition. At that time, it did not even have a name. Animals were called pitteriers, pit bulls, pitdogs.
Particularly prized pureblood line "red-nosed." They were called the "old family". Fans of this line strictly protected its purity and categorically refused to cross its representatives with other species of pitbull terriers.
A huge role in the development of this breed belongs to the Irish dog breeder John Colby. In 1900, he brought several purebred Pit Bulls to the United States. Unlike many fans of this breed, he believed that dogs should be actively included in the selection work. As time showed, Colby was right. He managed to grow many legendary dog fighters.
Many American breeders have joined in the work on improving the breed. Soon the name of this dog became known to us - the American pit bull terrier, although, as can be seen from the history of the breed, many countries of Europe could apply for it - England, Italy, Ireland, Spain, Holland. However, one can not but admit that the main work in the formation of the breed was done by American breeders.
FCI did not recognize the breed. However in 1898 for fans of this fighting dog the club UKC has opened. Later he ceased to be monobreed and no longer supported dog fights.
In 1909, there was another organization, which conducts breeding work. Today it is an international organization. In it you can register an American pit bull from any country. The Russian cynological community of these animals has not officially accepted so far.
American pit bull terrier - description of the breed
The dog makes an impression of power and confident strength. A sporty fit, an attentive look, a shiny coat is the face of a real pit bull. This dog does not happen fat. Adult dogs are even slightly lean.
If you look at the dog from the side or from above, the head has the shape of a wedge, which somewhat narrows to the nose. If you look from the front, it is round. The bite is scissor-shaped, the teeth are tightly closed, the lips are close to the jaws tightly. Eyes are elliptical. Ears are usually docked.
American pit bull terrier has a deep and moderately wide chest. The thorax narrows, but it should not have a cylindrical or round shape.
The loin should be of medium size - too long or too short a lumbar spine can affect the dexterity of the animal.
The American pit bull has muscular forelimbs and powerful shoulders. Hind legs with beveled hips at an angle of 30 degrees. Paws are small with elastic pads. The tail is set low, at the base thicker, slightly shorter than the hock.
The coat is short, thick and shiny. Color any, exception - merle and albinism.
The growth of males is 42 cm, weight is from 14 to 27 kg.
American pit bull terrier - character
To the fighting breeds of dogs in our society are not very favorable. Each person can draw conclusions on the nature of these animals independently, only by raising a dog from an early puppy's age.
For a long time for breeders, the main goal in working with this breed was to develop the ability of animals to fight. At the same time, aggression was a disqualifying factor. Consequently, the American pit bull is genetically devoid of aggression towards people, although with incorrect and purposeful education, the malice in this dog develops very quickly.
If the owner needs a reliable companion, this animal perfectly copes with this role. American pit bull terrier is very inquisitive. He is interested in everything that happens around him. Dogs are very active, obedient, ready to follow the master anywhere and carry out all his commands.
For the formation of character is especially important puppyhood. At this time, the baby must be protected in every possible way from the factors that hurt his psyche.
The character of the adult dog is stable. He realizes his strength, he is self-confident. But unlike many other dogs, he never aspires to become a leader in relations with the owner, on the contrary, they try in every possible way to demonstrate their readiness to benefit him.
These are funny dogs, in which playfulness is combined with discretion. No doubt, the American pit bull terrier shows its best qualities only with proper education and training.
Care and maintenance
American pitbull terrier, whose photo you can see in this article, the dog is unpretentious, caring for it is not complicated at all.
The most important thing for such a pet is a balanced diet. This determines the health and proper formation of the animal's organism. All active dogs need products that have a high energy value. Do not feed the pit bull with one meat. His diet should be varied. Include in it plant components, but remember that meat is the richest source of proteins. They are necessary for the full development of the dog.
In boiled form it is poorly digested and loses some of its nutritional properties, in raw form, meat can pose a health risk to your pet due to the presence of parasites in it. If the quality of meat does not cause doubt, then it is better to give it raw, if in its quality you are not sure - it is slightly cooked. Some owners prefer to pre-freeze meat, but this decision raises controversial reviews of experienced dog handlers. A growing dog also needs dairy products.
You can feed the pit bull and ready-made food, both dry and canned. But it is better to consult a veterinarian beforehand. The fact is that the American pit bull is prone to allergic reactions, so the quality of the feed for it is very important.
To bathe a dog it is necessary about time in half a year, once a week to comb hair and to wipe ears. Pitbull Terrier is well established in a city apartment, provided that it receives sufficient physical exertion.
Choosing a puppy
If you decide to have such a dog, then you need to know that in the event that you are offered an "elite" puppy and at the same time ask for a very impressive amount, then such an acquisition is in no way justified. Elite can only become an adult dog, which has achieved good results in competitions and exhibitions. American pitbull terrier, the price of which often consists of the breeder's ambitions, the availability of pedigrees registered in the US, is quite common in Russia.
The average price for a thoroughbred puppy with a pedigree is 20 thousand rubles. But future owners should know that in our country this breed is not recognized, therefore most of the pit bull puppies are sold without documents, so the price for them is more affordable - 10 thousand rubles.
American pitbull terrier, champion in wyetpulping, became the hero of the Guinness Book of Records. This little dog hauled a cargo weighing 1.7 tons!
This is one of the breeds, whose nature is 80% formed by the owner. That is why there are such contradictory opinions about the breed American pitbull terrier. The owners' comments indicate that this dog can be grown as an evil creature, dangerous for animals and people, and a perfectly peaceful and cheerful companion who knows how to get along with everyone.