African hedgehog: reviews, photos and content
Pets for a person at all times were close friends. Someone likes cats or dogs, hamsters or birds. But there are people who prefer to keep at home exotic animals, which includes African dwarf hedgehog. This hybrid rock was created specifically to ensure that the animal could be kept at home. At once it is necessary to specify, that such hedgehogs can not be let out on the nature, as they can not survive independently.
A gentle creation of a small size with soft needles is an African hedgehog. Photo of funny little animals just touches. Most of them are very sociable and quickly get attached to people. They do not need to live as a couple, because the presence of a number of individuals is of little use to them. Moreover, it is not recommended to plant two animals in one house, because they can fight each other.
Growing up, adults have a weight of 350-500 g and a length of up to 20 cm. They differ from wild hedgehogs not only in that they can not live in nature, but also in appearance, nature, behavior and needs. Another distinguishing feature is the fact that they do not curl up and have a white abdomen.
These animals were bred by European breeders in 1995 and were called "dwarf African hedgehogs." How many live these creatures? On average, about 5 years. The life of the animal can last approximately 2 years, provided that all recommendations of the breeder regarding their maintenance are strictly followed.
Like other animals, every African hedgehog has its own individuality. Each of the animals has a special character and manner of communication. For example, some of them prefer solitude, and others - attach themselves to people. If the hedgehog is not very sociable, you must try to win his favor. They like very much when they are stroked and caressed.
Going to a pet store or nursery, it is worth choosing exactly the little animal that willingly goes to the hands, since it's very problematic to tame it yourself. Usually hedgehogs are peace-loving and affectionate creatures, but among them there are sometimes rather self-willed natures. They can try to escape, start snorting or biting.
An unusual animal, an African hedgehog, the price of which varies from 4,500 to 5,000 rubles, will bring a lot of warmth, comfort and good mood to your home.
As a rule, a new house, smells and surroundings are a kind of stress for the animal. It is necessary to give him time to adapt in an unfamiliar environment. And for this hedgehog needs peace.
It is not necessary to hold it on your hands for a long time or try to stir it up. It can only be pulled out of the cage for a few minutes, then put back in. The adaptation period can last about a week.
How to choose a place for the cell
The African hedgehog is a nocturnal animal and the peak of its activity falls precisely at this time of day. In order that he does not interfere with rest, it is worth to find a place for the cage, which will be at a sufficient distance from the bedroom.
Before you bring a hedgehog into the house, you should decide in advance on where his house will stand. The place must be comfortable, otherwise the animal may get sick and even die.
Categorically it is not recommended to place the cage on the windowsill. Direct rays of the sun are harmful, since a hedgehog can get a heat stroke. In cold weather, if there are drafts, colds occur if the windows are not sealed.
Choosing a house
Before buying a small animal, you need to take care of where it will live. As a small house can serve as a cage for rabbits, as well as a glass or plastic terrarium. The size of their bottom should be not less than 60 X 60 cm. The house must be closed from above, otherwise the hedgehog will run away. If you want it to be open, then the walls of the future dwelling should have a slippery coating, and their height is more than 30 cm.
It is necessary that the bottom of the house is solid. Strictly forbidden floor, consisting of rods, because the little feet of the hedgehog will always be hooked for them. The distance between the rods should be negligible. Given the size of the animal in childhood, it can easily escape or get stuck between them.
Toilet for a hedgehog can be arranged in a box full of sawdust. This animal is very clean. He goes to the toilet only in a specially designated place. As a filler, birch or aspen sawdust will work, but cedar can not be used. Essential oils present in its wood have a negative effect on the health of the animal. For the toilet, paper flakes are also suitable, often used for cat litter.
It is necessary to clean the house at least once a week. The detergent used for this should not contain any aggressive ingredients.
African hedgehog, photos of which are presented in this article, loves various toys. Most often, he gets things like cats play. Ideal - ringing plastic ball.
Since animals like to eat well and quite often overeat, and besides they also lead an insufficiently active way of life, they badly need physical exertion. For this purpose, a special wheel is used in the cage, which they use for running. Devices are different, but you need to choose such a product, the surface in which will be continuous and without crossbeams. The diameter of the wheel should be at least 30 cm.
It can not be said that an African hedgehog likes to sleep. Its light day can be from 12 to 14 hours, and it does not depend on the time of year. In winter, when it is very early in the dark, it will be necessary to turn on the backlight in the house.
As you know, an African dwarf hedgehog was bred specifically for keeping at home and in the wild it simply does not exist. That's why they require more attention than other species of this animal. To create the most favorable conditions for a hedgehog's life, the room temperature should be comfortable: in the daytime it is about + 22-25⁰ С, and at night - 2-5 degrees lower.
At a lower temperature, animals become hibernated. The way out of this situation can be the use of a special heated mat. It is put under the bottom of the house.
Walking around the apartment
As already mentioned above, for hedgehogs it is necessary to equip special houses in which it is convenient for them to live. But sometimes you can let them walk around the apartment a bit. At this time, we must not lose sight of them. They run fast and can drop in under some furniture and hide. Then they will be quite difficult to find.
In addition, under the furniture is always going to dust, and this is very harmful to the health of the animal, since it can breathe in it. Also, the animal is not immune from getting any injuries. In order not to expose him to danger, one must be alert all the time.
Walking on the street
Like all living creatures, African hedgehogs, whose content is not burdensome for its owner, also need fresh air. If the outside is a warm, pleasant day, but without the stuffiness and exhausting heat, you can walk with the beast.
It should be remembered that they are very smart and can run out onto the grass and eat a earthworm or some insect. This should not be allowed in any case. The fact is that having eaten a worm, hedgehogs can develop capillarial disease. Street insects only harm. You should give your pet only those that were grown artificially. In addition, in the grass live a variety of microbes, from which it is necessary to protect your pet.
Despite the fact that the decorative hedgehogs of Africa - infinitely cute and charming creatures, nevertheless, it is necessary to limit the communication of young children with these animals. The fact is that animals can be afraid of screaming or careless handling of them and bite the baby. In addition, their needles are also unsafe and can be injured by them.
It is necessary to pay special attention to bowls for food and drink. Both containers should be capacious, stable and rather heavy, so that the hedgehog does not turn them over. Perfectly fit bowls of ceramics for eating. Their height should not exceed 5 cm, and diameter - 8-15 cm. Nipple drinkers are very convenient, but, unfortunately, not all hedgehogs know how to use them.
Do not particularly think about what the African hedgehog eats. For him, perfect cat food premium. It is natural, containing no flavors and other harmful additives. It is also necessary to ensure that the composition of the feed does not include starch-containing ingredients, such as corn or potatoes.
Since cat food is largely complex, it’s good if it has meat. It can be chicken, beef or turkey. But do not forget about fruits and vegetables.
In addition to meat and vegetable products, sometimes you need to indulge hedgehogs and such unusual gifts as crickets, grasshoppers and the off-bus.
African hedgehogs, the content of which still requires some knowledge, rather unpretentious. The most important thing is that their food should consist exclusively of natural products that do not contain any harmful additives and impurities, as the health and well-being of the pet can be disrupted.
Next, the products that are contraindicated to hedgehogs will be listed. First of all, the animal does not tolerate lactose. That is why all dairy products must be immediately excluded from their diet. Various dried fruits and raisins usually stick to the larynx and get stuck in the teeth of the animal. You can not give them avocados, as there are cases when hedgehogs were being etched with this fruit. Pineapple is also included in the list of banned products. In its composition, there is an acid that corrodes the delicate mouth cavity of the animal. For the same reason, it is impossible to give onions, garlic and citrus fruits to hedgehogs.
As for nuts and seeds, their shell can injure the animal and spoil its teeth. Also, you should not give him fast food, chips and chocolate. And the oil of cedar and tea tree in general should be kept away from them, because even their smell can be dangerous for this animal.
African hedgehog, reviews of which indicate that it is quite easy and pleasant to maintain them, will become a favorite not only for children, but also for the whole family.