Abortion at week 8 of pregnancy
Every fifth pregnancy ends with an abortion. This disappointing statistics has different reviews. Some advocate the freedom of choice of women. Others are ardent opponents of abortion. In today's article, try to leave all the criticism and find out how abortion is conducted at week 8 of pregnancy.
Abortion at week 8 of pregnancy can be spontaneous or artificial. In the first case, embryo development stops for some internal or external reasons. Artificial abortion is carried out in several ways. When choosing tactics, the age of the patient is taken into account, as well as her desire to have children in the future. An important role is played by the general well-being and health of a woman.
Abortion of 7-8 weeks is carried out in the following ways:
- drug interruption (pharmacological, or tableted abortion);
- application of a vacuum aspirator;
- use of magnetic caps;
- surgical scraping.
Let's consider in more detail each method.
Spontaneous interruption: miscarriage
Most often, a self-abortion occurs at week 8. It is until this time that the connection between the uterus and the embryo is not so strong. The cause of spontaneous interruption can be anything. This is a chronic illness in a woman, a cold or a viral infection.
Miscarriage often occurs due to external factors: severe working conditions, physical stress, emotional distress. It can also happen after getting injured. If the termination of pregnancy occurred before 8 weeks or after, it is necessary to visit a doctor. The specialist will conduct an ultrasound and find out whether or not a complete abortion is complete. In the latter case, the woman will need additional medical care.
Set deadlines and preliminary examinations
Abortion at week 8 is performed at the request of a woman. After 12 weeks, such manipulations take place only on indications. Therefore, if the pregnancy happened unexpectedly and your plans do not include the birth of children, then you need to turn to the gynecologist. Always remember about the established terms of voluntary termination of pregnancy.
The manipulations described below may have readings. For example, abortion at week 8 is carried out if the fetus has pathologies that are incompatible with life. Interruption is performed with cancer of a woman, as well as the inability to bear and give birth to a child.
Before the abortion, a woman is examined. It is necessary to donate blood for the determination of antibodies to HIV, syphilis, hepatitis and some other diseases. The patient gives a smear from the vagina, passes an ultrasound. It is necessary to determine exactly the duration of pregnancy and the place of attachment of the fetal egg. It is contraindicated to conduct any kind of abortion with ectopic pregnancy and inflammatory process.
Medical abortion: a safe method
This kind of manipulation is preferable. It has fewer complications. Experts recommend doing a pharmacological abortion for up to seven weeks. However, in 8 it can be produced. It is worth noting that the longer the gestation period, the higher the risk of incomplete interruption.
Tableted abortion is carried out in two stages. If the gestation period is 8 weeks, then the patient should be under the close supervision of physicians. First, women are offered drugs based on mefipristone. They help to stop the production of progesterone, the opening of the cervix and the peeling of the endometrium. Further within several days the patient should accept prostaglandins. These drugs increase the contractility of the genital organ. As a result, a fetal egg is expelled from the uterine cavity. After 5-7 days the patient is examined by a gynecologist and an ultrasound specialist. If the fetal egg does not come out completely, then it is necessary to use additional methods of abortion.
The effectiveness of this method is the higher, the shorter the gestation period. The method is used less and less. He is recognized as ineffective and dangerous. To interrupt pregnancy, a magnetic ring is placed on the cervix. It emits a certain activity, as a result of which the development of the embryo ceases, and it is rejected. The use of magnetic rings can cause complications such as inflammation, incomplete separation of membranes and so on.
Vacuum aspiration: a low-traumatic method
Abortion after 8 weeks is not performed by this method. But before reaching this period of gestation, it is permissible to interrupt pregnancy with a vacuum aspirator. The procedure is considered to be slightly traumatic and easy. An operation is performed under local anesthesia. Cervix uteri obkalyvayut analgesics and antispasmodics.
After this, a special device creates a vacuum in the cavity of the childbearing organ. A fetal egg along with particles of the endometrium is sucked into the device. The consequences of this manipulation are rare. If the pregnancy has not been interrupted or if pieces of fetal membranes remain in the uterus, curettage should be performed.
To make an abortion after 8 weeks it is possible by means of surgical methods. This method is the cheapest and most effective. However, it has a lot of shortcomings. After such manipulations, a woman often has problems such as inflammation, hormonal failure, pathologies of the cervix. One of the most dangerous consequences is the perforation of the walls of the uterus. This condition requires immediate surgical intervention. In some cases, complete removal of the genital organ is indicated.
Curettage, or surgical curettage, is performed under general anesthesia. The gynecologist opens the cervix with the help of special dilators, and then enters the curette into the uterine cavity. Some clinics practice gynecologic scraping under the supervision of ultrasound. Such conditions allow you to make manipulation as efficient as possible.
After the interruption
If you have an abortion 8-9 weeks of pregnancy surgically, then you need to conduct additional therapy. The patient is usually given antibiotics for local and oral use. Observation of sexual dormancy for several weeks is also shown. Medical abortion does not require such conditions.
The consequence of any termination of pregnancy at a term of 8 weeks may be the formation of adhesive process, the failure of the second phase, psychological problems and infertility. Therefore, if you want to have an abortion, you need to contact the gynecologist as soon as possible. The smaller the gestation period at the time of the procedure, the less chance of unforeseen complications.
Abortion at 8 weeks a woman has the right to do free of charge in any public medical institution. Interruption of pregnancy after 12 weeks is performed only surgically according to certain indications. At a period of 28 weeks and later we are talking about artificial birth. It is theoretically possible to get pregnant repeatedly (after any abortion) in the next cycle. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of contraception. Gynecologists do not recommend planning a new conception within 4-6 months. This is the time your body needs to recover.