30 weeks - how many months? Week 30: fetal development
Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful and the most difficult periods in the life of any woman. The feeling that the baby is growing and developing inside is unrepeatable. As much as nine months of waiting and longing. Who will be born: a boy or a girl? And what will the child be like? To whom will it look like? How do we call it? In the head of parents in a swift danced round, thousands of questions are circulating, the answers to which are to be received for these unforgettable nine months.
30 weeks - how many months
Here comes the long-awaited third trimester of pregnancy. The thirtieth week of pregnancy is a kind of a border. The main question for all moms is that 30 weeks is how many months. In medicine, it is customary to measure the duration of pregnancy not by months but by weeks. Speaking in the language of gynecologists, the concept of obstetric week is a unit that is convenient to use when calculating the gestational age. For gynecologists, the month consists of exactly four obstetric weeks. The count is from the first day of the last menstruation. The whole cycle of pregnancy is within 40 weeks. Therefore, by simple mathematical calculations, it is possible to answer the question whether 30 weeks is how many months. These are 7 obstetric months and 7.5 calendar days. We can say that a woman in this period goes to a kind of final distance. There are only 10 weeks left, and my mother will finally be able to pin her baby to her breast.
Time for maternity leave
At you 30 week of pregnancy, the child has already considerably increased in sizes and continues to grow and develop. Mom is already hard, begins to appear puffiness, back pain, heaviness in the legs. Fatigue from work comes very quickly. There is already a need for more time for rest. Care of the house becomes difficult and more often a woman is forced to seek help from relatives. It is no mere chance that the future mother leaves at the age of 30 weeks. Colleagues must have tortured you with the question about 30 weeks, this is how many months. But now you can give them an intelligible answer.
This week, you and your colleagues are likely to celebrate your maternity leave, because a sick woman leaves a pregnant woman with a gynecologist at 30 weeks. The decree can come earlier for 2 weeks, if pregnancy is prolific. Maternity leave lasts 70 days before delivery and 70 days after.
How the fetus develops in 30 weeks
The fruit at 30 weeks is already able to visually assess the environment. His eyes are already open, the cilia are well developed, and the child can blink. If a ray of light is directed to the mother's belly and he falls into the baby's face, the child closes his eyes and turns away.
The brain continues to develop actively. Its area increases, gyruses and furrows appear. But before birth, the child's activity is controlled by special centers of the spinal cord of the nervous system. Actively to function the brain at the kid will begin from the moment of its occurrence on light.
There is a 30 week gestation, the child has already accumulated a sufficient amount of subcutaneous fat. This reserve is necessary for the fetus in case of premature birth.
The child's lungs continue to develop, the alveoli are in a sleep mode. The pectoral muscles actively train, moving up and down. So they prepare the chest for the respiratory process.
From the body of the baby actively soskushkovayutsya hairs. On the head there is a reverse process: the hair grows and becomes thicker. It often happens that the baby is born to the bald, but this is a variant of the norm.
The child at 30 weeks is still active, but is limited in space. There is not enough room in the uterus. The child's tremors become more rare, but stronger. Usually, a mother can accurately determine which part of the body her baby is pushing. At this time the child can also hiccup, and the woman feels slight rhythmic tremors.
What should pay attention to the expectant mother in 30 weeks
The bottom of the uterus rises higher, pushing aside the diaphragm and internal organs. This leads to the fact that the woman becomes harder to breathe, there is heartburn.
During this period, the future mother begins to worry about her weight. At 30 weeks, the increase is already very significant. Accumulate fat deposits on the hips, abdomen, hands and other parts of the body. Weight gain acts as an additional burden on the body: there is aching pain in the back, in the feet, there are swelling of the legs. From this period, you need to monitor food more closely. It is necessary to limit or exclude altogether high-calorie and useless food: sweet confectionery, fast food, chocolate bars and other similar food. Also, you need to minimize the use of salt, which leads to fluid retention in the body and causes swelling. A woman needs to eat more seasonal vegetables and fruits, whole grains, protein foods. Continue taking vitamin complexes is also very important.
Maintain hemoglobin normal
One of the main points is the maintenance of a normal level of hemoglobin in the blood, which is 120 - 140 mg / l. It is he who delivers the baby oxygen, necessary for breathing. With a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood, we can talk about the development of iron deficiency anemia of one degree or another. This phenomenon is fraught with negative consequences for the baby and mother. The baby can develop hypoxia and lag in development. For a mother, anemia is dangerous due to worsening of the condition, fainting, risk of bleeding. To maintain the required level of hemoglobin, you should eat food of animal origin daily (lean beef, liver, eggs), legumes, cereals, vegetables, fruits and greens. If the degree of anemia is medium or severe, the doctor prescribes the administration of iron preparations in the form of tablets or injections.
Replenish the calcium depot in the body
Do not forget that the 7th month of pregnancy is characterized by strengthening the bone tissue of the baby. It is very important to receive a daily intake of calcium, along with nutrition and drugs. A variety of sour-milk products are rich in calcium and are setting up the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Assess the condition of your hair, teeth and nails. Hair loss, dyeing, brittleness and delamination of the nails indicates a calcium deficiency in the body of the mother. His suggestions are worth sharing with a gynecologist, and he will appoint a suitable calcium supplement if necessary.
Hormonal changes in the body of a future mother
It is also worth noting that the 30th week of pregnancy is accompanied by hormonal changes in the body of a woman. Special hormones are produced that reduce the tone of the muscles of the body. Nature conceived such a regulatory mechanism to reduce the tone of the uterus in order to avoid premature birth. But hormones do not act selectively. The tone of the intestines and stomach also decreases, which is expressed in constipation and heartburn. Fractional and frequent meals, healthy food, enriched with vegetable fiber, and compliance with the drinking regime will help to cope with these troubles. Use of laxatives for pregnant women is not recommended in order to avoid provocation of labor. Hormonal restructuring also affects the condition of the oral cavity of the expectant mother. Develops the so-called gingivitis of pregnant women, which is manifested by bleeding gums. After childbirth, this acute condition is normalized. In the meantime, you can rinse your mouth with broths of herbs and always observe the hygiene of the oral cavity.
The mood of the future mother is also controlled by the riot of hormones. Frequent mood changes are a great test for close relatives who must be patient. Stressful situations are very harmful to the body of the mother and child. Therefore, household members should be sympathetic to the emotional outbursts of a pregnant woman and, if possible, soothe her.
Reducing the immunity of the future mother
Since the beginning of pregnancy, a woman experiences a decrease in the body's immune forces. The longer the time, the more immunity wanes. The organism of the future mother is harder to cope with the most harmless infections
Many pregnant women note that the 7th month of pregnancy is characterized by secretions from the genital tract. Against the background of a weakened immune response, infectious diseases can develop. Gynecologists assert that ungrowth, clear or slightly white discharge without odor is a variant of the norm. If they have an unpleasant smell, abundant enough, bloody and cause anxiety, you need to see a doctor immediately.
Consultation visit at 30 weeks. Ultrasound and other studies
This week, it's time for another visit to the women's consultation. If you are still concerned about the issue of your term, you can ask a gynecologist about 30 weeks, this is how many months. And get an exhaustive answer. Your term is 7 midwifery months. From this point on, you'll have to go to counseling more often.
What examinations are waiting for the expectant mother at this stage? Your doctor will measure blood pressure, weight, abdominal circumference, the position of the fetus, the height of the bottom of the uterus, listen to the baby's heartbeat. From laboratory tests on this term appoint the definition of RW, HIV, a vaginal smear on the microflora. At this time it is very important to measure the antibody titer in the blood in case of a probability of a rhesus-conflict pregnancy. The totality of all indicators determines the condition of the woman and the fetus for a period of 30 weeks.
At this stage, another ultrasound is waiting for the woman. 30 weeks is the time when the child reaches up to 38 cm in length. Also after the measurement you will know exactly its weight. 30 weeks of pregnancy is characterized by the weight of the fetus 1200-1370 g. In the ultrasound, the doctor evaluates the child's palpitation, its activity, development of internal organs. The placenta condition is assessed: its thickness, degree of maturity, blood flow. Blood supply in the brain vein of the umbilical cord, quantity and quality of amniotic fluid are also considered. The ultrasound picture will show the actual state of the child. In addition, you can perfectly examine facial features and even determine who your baby looks like.
Starting from the 30th week of pregnancy, a woman gets a lot of time for intensive preparation for childbirth. It is necessary to maintain minimal physical activity, continue to train breathing and muscles for the forthcoming birth. It's time to think about what kind of medical institution the birth will take place, and how the delivery will take place. Now the exchange card is the woman's true companion in any hike. Without this document, the doctor in the maternity hospital will be difficult to assess the true state of things and formalize the arrival of the mother in a medical institution.
Ahead weeks are difficult. A woman is hard physically and emotionally. Many have fear of childbirth, anxiety and fear. Remember, worrying is bad for you and the baby. We need to think only of the good and adjust ourselves to the successful outcome of the matter. Positive emotional mood and breathing exercises will help to endure all difficulties.